Rutuli


Rutuli

The Rutuli or Rutulians were members of a legendary Italic tribe. Thought to have been descended from the Umbri and the Pelasgians, the Rutuli were located in territory whose capital was the ancient town of Ardea, located about 20 miles southeast of Rome. [Hazlit, William. "The Classical Gazetteer" (1851), p. 297.]

In Virgil's Aeneid, the Rutuli are led by Turnus, a young prince to whom Latinus, king of the Latins, had promised the hand of his daughter Lavinia in marriage. When the Trojans arrive in Italy, Latinus decides to give his daughter to Aeneas because of instructions he had received from the gods to marry his daughter to a foreigner. Turnus is outraged and leads his people as well as several other Italian tribes against the Trojans in war. Virgil's text ends when Aeneas defeats Turnus in single combat and therefore gains the right to marry Lavinia. In some other accounts of the story of Aeneas, he is later killed in a subsequent battle with them.

During the 6th century BC, Roman king Lucius Tarquinius Superbus besieged and conquered Ardea, and eventually the Rutulians, like the other Italic tribes, were subsumed within the Roman Republic. ["The Geography of Strabo", published in Vol. II of the "Loeb Classical Library Edition", 1923, Book V, Chapter 3.]

References


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  • Rutŭli — Rutŭli, altes italienisches Volk, wohnte an der Küste zwischen den Latinern u. Volskern; ihr König war Turnus; Hauptstadt: Ardea …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • RUTULI — I. RUTULI Latii popul. quorum Ardea metropolis fuit: Strabo, Plin. l. 3. c. 5. Liv. l. 1. c. 2. et 57. Virg. l. 10. Aen. v. 108. Tros Rutulusne fuat, nullô discrimine habebo. II. RUTULI in Amphitheatris apud Romanos, clathri erant, seu lignea… …   Hofmann J. Lexicon universale

  • rutuli — rut·u·li …   English syllables

  • rutuli — ˈrəchəˌlī noun plural Usage: capitalized Etymology: Latin : an ancient Italian people having their capital in 442 B.C. at Ardea and probably representing an early Indo European people …   Useful english dictionary

  • rutulinis — rutuli̇̀nis, rutuli̇̀nė bdv. Rutuli̇̀nis pavir̃šius …   Bendrinės lietuvių kalbos žodyno antraštynas

  • rutulinė — rutuli̇̀nis, rutuli̇̀nė bdv. Rutuli̇̀nis pavir̃šius …   Bendrinės lietuvių kalbos žodyno antraštynas

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  • Рутулы — (Rutuli) незначительное племя древней Италии, жившее в пределах позднейшего Лация, с главным городом Ардеей. По преданию, которым воспользовался Вергилий, Р., со своим царем Турном, участвовали в союзе туземных италийских притибрских племен,… …   Энциклопедический словарь Ф.А. Брокгауза и И.А. Ефрона

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  • rutuliniai — rutulìniai sm. pl. (2); LBŽ bot. tokia dumblių šeima (Sphaerioideaceae) …   Dictionary of the Lithuanian Language


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