- Giovanni Colombini
Giovanni Colombini (b. at
Siena, Italy, about 1300; d. on the way to Acquapendente, 31 July 1367) was an Italian merchant, and founder of the Congregation of Jesuati.
Belonging to an old patrician family, he was several times elected "
gonfalonier". A biography of Mary of Egyptbrought about a conversion in his life. He visited hospitals, tended the sick, and made large donations to the poor. After illness, he made his house the refuge of the needy and the suffering, washing their feet with his own hands. [Millard Meiss, "Painting in Florence and Siena After the Black Death" (1978), p. 86.] .
His son having meanwhile died and his daughter taken the veil, Colombini with the approval of his wife, on whom he first settled a life-annuity, divided his fortune into three parts: the first went to endow a hospital, the second and third to two cloisters. Together with his friend
Francisco Mini, Colombini lived henceforward a life of poverty, and begged for his daily bread. He was joined by three of the Piccolominiand by members of other patrician families, who likewise distributed all their goods among the poor.
Many of the Sienese complained that Colombini was inciting all the most promising young men of the city to "folly", and succeeded in procuring his banishment. Accompanied by twenty-five companions, Colombini visited in succession
Arezzo, Città di Castello, Pisaand other Tuscan cities. He resumed on his return his former charitable occupations.
On the return of
Pope Urban Vfrom Avignonto Rome(1367), Colombini asked him to sanction the foundation of the followers' Institution. A commission appointed by Urban and presided over by Cardinal William Sudre, Bishop of Marseilles, having attested them free of the taint of the Fraticelli, whose views some people had accused them of holding, the pope gave his consent to the foundation of their congregation. The name Jesuati (Jesuites) had already been given them by the populace of Viterbobecause of their constant use of the ejaculation "Praise be to Jesus Christ." From the very beginning they had a special veneration for St. Jerome, whence the longer title, Clerici apostolici s. Hieronymi (Apostolic Clerics of St. Jerome).
Urban appointed as their habit a white
soutan, a white four-cornered hood hanging round the neck and falling in folds over the shoulders, and a mantle of a dun colour; the soutan was encircled by a leathern girdle, and sandals were worn on the feet. Their occupations were to be the care of the sick, the burial of the dead, prayer, and strict mortification(including daily scourging).
Their statutes were at first based on the
Rule of St. Benedict, modified to suit the aims of the congregation, but the Rule of St. Augustinewas later adopted. Colombini died a week after the foundation of his institute, having appointed Mini his successor. Pope Gregory XIIIinserted Colombini's name in the " Roman Martyrology", fixing 31 Julyfor the celebration of his feast, which is of obligation at Siena.
Later history of the Order
Under Mini and his successor,
Jerome Dasciano, the Jesuati spread rapidly over Italy. and in 1606 the Holy See allowed the reception of priests into the congregation. Abuses, however, crept in subsequently, and the congregation was suppressed by Pope Clement IXin 1668 as of little advantage to the interests of the Church.
The Jesuatesses or
Sisters of the Visitation of Mary, founded about 1367 at the suggestion of Colombini by his cousin Catharine Colombiniof Siena (d. 20 October, 1387), spoke as little as possible, fasted very strictly, and chastised their bodies twice daily. They survived in Italy until 1872.
Baluze, Miscell., ed. MANSI, IV, 566;
*PARDI, Della vita e degli scritti di Giovanni Colunbini da Siena in Bull. Senese stor., II (1895), 1-50, 202-30;
*PÖSL, Leben des sel. Joh. Colombini aus Siena (Ratisbon, 1846);
*RAMBUTEAU, Le bienheureux Colombini, histoire d'un toscan au XIV, s. (3rd ed., Paris, 1893), Ital. tr. by LUSINI, II b. Giov. Colombini (Siena,1894),
Hélyot, "Histoire des ordres religieux" (Paris, 1792), s. v. Jésuates;
*HEIMBUCHER, Die Orden u. Kongreg. der kathol. Kirche, II (Paderbom, 1896), 240 sqq.;
Hefelein " Kirchenlexikon", s. v. Jesuati.
* [http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/08458a.htm "Catholic Encyclopedia" page]
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Colombini — ist der Familienname folgender Personen: Alessandro Colombini (* 1936), italienischer Musikproduzent und Liedtexter Alessio Colombini (* 1951), italienischer Sänger Camillo Colombini (1836–1896), italienischer Politiker Enrico Colombini (* 1953) … Deutsch Wikipedia
Juan Colombini, san — (Giovanni Colombini) ► (1300? 67) Patricio italiano. Fundó la Orden de Clérigos apostólicos … Enciclopedia Universal
Bl. John Colombini — Blessed John Colombini † Catholic Encyclopedia ► Blessed John Colombini Founder of the Congregation of Jesuati; b. at Siena, Upper Italy, about 1300; d. on the way to Acquapendente, 31 July, 1367. There was nothing in his early life… … Catholic encyclopedia
Francesco Colombini — (* 13. Februar 1588 in Massa (Toskana); † 4. August 1671 ebenda) war ein italienischer Komponist des Barock und Domherr in seiner Heimatstadt. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Leben 2 Werk 3 Werke (A … Deutsch Wikipedia
Santa Maria della Scala (Siena) — Fassade des Gebäudekomplexes am Piazza del Duomo … Deutsch Wikipedia
Italian Literature — • The modern language of Italy is naturally derived from Latin, a continuation and development of the Latin actually spoken among the inhabitants of the peninsula after the downfall of the Roman Empire Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006.… … Catholic encyclopedia
Jesuati — The Jesuati (Jesuates) were a religious order founded by Giovanni Colombini of Siena in 1360. The order was initially called Clerici apostolici Sancti Hieronymi (Apostolic Clerics of Saint Jerome) because of a special veneration for St. Jerome … Wikipedia
Jésuates — Crucifixion avec Jérôme de Stridon,le bienheureux Giovanni Colombini et autres saints : peinture de Le Pérugin et Luca Signorelli pour le couvent San Giusto alle mura, des Jésuates de Florence Jésuates (ou Pauvres Jésuates ou Jésuates de… … Wikipédia en Français
Перуджино Пьетро — (Perugino; собственно Ваннуччи, Vannucci) (p. между 1445 1452 ум. 1523), итальянский живописец эпохи Раннего Возрождения. Представитель умбрийской школы. Испытал влияние Пьеро делла Франческа, нидерландских мастеров, а также А. Верроккьо … Художественная энциклопедия
ИЕЗУАТЫ — [лат. jesuati; итал. gesuati], распространенное наименование существовавшего с XIV в. католич. братства мирян, преобразованного позднее в монашескую конгрегацию апостольских клириков св. Иеронима (Clerici apostolici S. Hieronymi). Братство И.… … Православная энциклопедия