Aquifex pyrophilus


Aquifex pyrophilus

Taxobox
name = Aquificeae
regnum = Bacteria
phylum = Aquificae
classis = Aquificae
ordo = Aquificales
familia = Aquificaceae
genus = "Aquifex"
species = "A. pyrophilus"
binomial = "Aquifex pyrophilus"
binomial_authority = Huber and Stetter, 1992

"Aquifex pyrophilus" is a rod-shaped bacterium with a length of 2 to 6 micrometers and a diameter of around half a micrometer. It is one of a handful of species in the Aquificae phylum, an unusual group of thermophilic bacteria that are thought to be some of the oldest species in the bacteria domain.

"A. pyrophilus" grows best in water between 85 to 95 °C, and can be found near underwater volcanoes or hot springs. It typically uses oxygen in its respiration, producing water as a byproduct, thus leading to the name "Aquifex," meaning "water-maker." However "A. pyrophilus" can even grow anaerobically by reducing nitrogen instead of oxygen. Members of the species tend to form large cell congloberations, comprised of up to 100 individual cells. It was discovered just north of Iceland.

The genome of "Aquifex aeolicus", a member of the same genus, has been successfully mapped. Comparison of this genome to other organisms showed that around 16% of its genes originated from the Archaea domain. It is assumed that "A. pyrophilus" also has this property.

External links and references

* [http://biology.kenyon.edu/Microbial_Biorealm/bacteria/aquifex/aquifex.htm Aquifex] from Kenyon Biology
* Deckert, Gerard, et al. 1998. " [http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=PubMed&list_uids=98196666&dopt=Abstract The complete genome of the hyperthermophilic bacterium Aquifex aeolicus.] " Nature, Vol. 392. Macmillan Publishers. 353-358.
* "The Prokaryotes: An Evolving Electronic Resource for the Mircobiological Community." 2004. Springer-Verlag New York, LLC.


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