- Libyan resistance movement
The Libyan resistance movement was lead by
King Idrisand his Senussitribe in the provinces of Cyrenaicaand Tripolitaniaagainst the Italian occupation after 1929, when Italychanged its political promises of moderate "protectorate" to the Senussi (done in 1911) and - because of Mussolini- started to take complete colonial control of Libya.
Resistance was crushed by General
Grazianiin the 1930s and the country was fully controlled by the Italians with the help of Arab fascists, at the point that many Libyan colonial troops fought on the side of Italy between 1940 and 1943. In 1940 the Libyans in the coastal areas were granted Italian citizenship as part of the fascist efforts to create the Greater Italiain Tripolitania and Cyrenaica. This fact reduced the appeal of the Libyan resistance movement to few Arab/Berbers populations of the Fezzanarea only, but this was practically inexistent until the arrival of French troops in the area in 1942. At the close of World War 2the British and French decided to make King Idris the Emirof an independent Libyain 1951.
It was also a widely held story that Colonel
Gadaffi's tribe crushed an Italian garrison in the south of Fezzan, near the border with the T' Chad, which is implausible, since the tribe were in fact operating on the Tripolitania/Fezzan border through out the war. The Fezzan was occupied by the Free Frenchin 1943.
* Italy's '
World War 2
* The concept of
Italian Mare Nostrum
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