Lubbock, Texas


Lubbock, Texas

Infobox Settlement
official_name = City of Lubbock, Texas
settlement_type = City
nickname = Hub City
motto = The Giant Side of Texas



imagesize =
image_caption = Downtown Lubbock in 2005


image_



mapsize = 250px
map_caption = Location within the state of Texas



mapsize1 = 250px
map_caption1 =
subdivision_type = Country
subdivision_name = United States
subdivision_type1 = State
subdivision_name1 = Texas
subdivision_type2 = County
subdivision_name2 = Lubbock
government_type =
leader_title = Mayor
leader_name = Tom Martin
established_date = 1890
area_magnitude = 1 E9
area_total_km2 = 297.6
area_land_km2 = 297.4
area_water_km2 = 0.3
population_as_of = 2006
population_metro = 261411
population_total = 212169
population_density_km2 = 704.7
timezone = CST
utc_offset = -6
timezone_DST = CDT
utc_offset_DST = -5
elevation_ft = 3202
latd = 33 |latm = 33 |lats = 53 |latNS = N
longd = 101 |longm = 52 |longs = 40 |longEW = W
area_total_sq_mi = 114.9
area_land_sq_mi = 114.8
area_water_sq_mi = 0.1
elevation_m = 992.4
website = [http://www.ci.lubbock.tx.us www.ci.lubbock.tx.us]
postal_code_type =
postal_code =
area_code = 806
blank_name = FIPS code
blank_info = 48-45000GR|2
blank1_name = GNIS feature ID
blank1_info = 1374760GR|3
footnotes =

Lubbock (IPAEng|'lʌbək [cite encyclopedia| encyclopedia = Merriam-Webster Dictionary| title = Lubbock| url = http://www.m-w.com/dictionary/lubbock| accessdate = 2006-11-09| edition = Online| year = 2006| publisher = Merriam-Webster Incorporated] ) is an American city in the state of Texas. Located in the northwestern part of the state, a region known historically as the Llano Estacado, it is the county seat of Lubbock County, and the home of Texas Tech University. According to an estimate by the U.S. Census in 2006, the city population was 212,169, making it the 90th largest city in the United States and the 12th largest in Texas. [cite web|url=http://www.census.gov/popest/cities/tables/SUB-EST2006-01.csv|title=Table 1: Annual Estimates of the Population for Incorporated Places Over 100,000, Ranked by July 1, 2006 Population: April 1, 2000 to July 1, 2006|publisher=United States Census Bureau|accessdate=2007-12-18] The Lubbock metropolitan area has a population of 261,411. [cite web | url = http://www.census.gov/popest/counties/tables/CO-EST2006-01-48.csv | title = Table 1. Annual Estimates of the Population for Counties of Texas: April 1, 2000 to July 1, 2006 | format = CSV | work = 2006 Population Estimates | publisher = United States Census Bureau, Population Division | date = 2007-03-22 | accessdate = 2007-05-23]

Lubbock's nickname is the "Hub City" which derives from being the economy, education, and health care hub of a multi-county region commonly called the South Plains. [cite web| title = Media Resources| publisher = Lubbock Chamber of Commerce| year = 2006| url = http://www.lubbockchamber.com/media.htm| accessdate = 2006-11-09 ] The area is the largest contiguous cotton-growing region in the world [cite web|url=http://www.ttuhsc.edu/laurawbushinstitute/lubbock/community.aspx|title=Lubbock Community|publisher=Texas Tech University Health Sciences Center] [cite web|url=http://agron.scijournals.org/cgi/content/abstract/82/1/52|title=Cotton Management Strategies for a Short Growing Season Environment: Water-Nitrogen Considerations|publisher="Agronomy Journal"|last=Morrow|first=M.R.|coauthors=Kreig, D.R.] and is heavily dependent on irrigation water drawn from the Ogallala Aquifer.

History

The county of Lubbock was founded in 1876, named after Thomas Saltus Lubbock, a Confederate colonel and member of the Terry's Texas Rangers, a group of Texas volunteers for the Confederate Army. [cite web|url=http://www.terrystexasrangers.org/biographical_notes/l/lubbock_ts.htm|title=Thomas Saltus Lubbock|publisher=Online Archive of Terry's Texas Rangers] As early as 1884, a federal post office named Lubbock existed in Yellowhouse Canyon. However, the town of Lubbock was not founded until 1890, when it was formed from a unique merger arrangement between two smaller towns, "Old Lubbock" and Monterey. The terms of the compromise included keeping the Lubbock name but the Monterey townsite, so the previous Old Lubbock residents relocated South to the Monterey location, including putting Old Lubbock's Nicolette Hotel on rollers and pulling it across a canyon to its new home. In 1891 Lubbock became the county seat and in 1909 was reincorporated as a city.

Texas Technological College (now Texas Tech University) has been a part of Lubbock since 1923. Its medical school, the Texas Tech University Health Sciences Center, opened in 1969. Lubbock Christian University, founded in 1957, and Sunset International Bible Institute, both affiliated with the Churches of Christ, have their main campuses in the city. South Plains College and Wayland Baptist University operate branch campuses in Lubbock.

The city is home to the Lubbock Lake Landmark, part of the Museum of Texas Tech University. The landmark is an archaeological and natural history preserve at the northern edge of the city. It shows evidence of almost twelve thousand years of human occupation in the region. Another part of the museum, the National Ranching Heritage Center, houses historic ranch-related structures from the area.

In August 1951, a v-shaped formation of lights was seen over the city. The "Lubbock Lights" series of sightings received national publicity and is regarded as one of the first great UFO cases. The sightings were considered credible because they were witnessed by several respected science professors at Texas Technological College and were photographed by a Texas Tech student. The photographs were reprinted nationwide in newspapers and in "Life" magazine. Project Blue Book, the US Air Force's official study of the UFO mystery, did an extensive investigation of the Lubbock Lights. They concluded that the photographs were not a hoax and showed genuine objects. However, they did dismiss the UFOs themselves as being either "night-flying moths" or a type of bird called a plover. The Air Force argued that the underside of the plovers or moths was reflected in the glow of Lubbock's new street lights at night. However, other researchers have disputed these explanations, and for many the "Lubbock Lights" remain a mystery.

On May 11, 1970, the Lubbock Tornado struck the city. Twenty-six persons perished, and damage was estimated at $125 million. The downtown NTS Tower, then known as the Great Plains Life Building, at convert|271|ft|m in height, is believed to have been the tallest building ever to survive a direct hit from an F5 tornado. [cite web|url=http://web.archive.org/web/20061009180854/http://www.srh.noaa.gov/lub/climate/Local_interest_events/LUB_tornado/lubtor.html|title=Lubbock, Texas|publisher=National Weather Service Forecast Office] Then Mayor Jim Granberry and the Lubbock City Council, which included Granberry's successor as mayor, Morris W. Turner, were charged with directing the task of rebuilding the downtown in the aftermath of the storm.

Geography and climate

Lubbock is located at coor dms|33|33|53|N|101|52|40|W|city (33.564735, -101.877793).GR|1 The official elevation is convert|3256|ft|m above sea level, but stated figures range from 3195 to 3281. [cite web|url=http://www.ci.lubbock.tx.us/aboutLubbock.aspx|title=About Lubbock|accessdate=2007-12-18|publisher=The City of Lubbock] [cite web|url=http://www.usacitiesonline.com/txcountylubbock.htm|title=Lubbock, Texas Profile and Resource Guide|accessdate=2007-12-18|publisher=USA Cities Online] [cite web|url=http://www.wunderground.com/US/TX/Lubbock.html|title=Lubbock, Texas|accessdate=2007-12-18|publisher=Weather Underground]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 114.9 square miles (297.6 km²), of which, 114.8 square miles (297.4 km²) of it is land and 0.1 square miles (0.3 km²) of it (0.09%) is water.

Lubbock has a mild, semi-arid climate. [cite web|url=http://www.lubbockworks.com/content/lubb_climate.shtml|title=Lubbock Climate|publisher=Lubbock Works] On average, Lubbock receives 18 inches of rain and ten inches of snow per year. [cite web|url=http://lubbocktx.usachamber.com/custom2.asp?pageid=2534|title=Lubbock at a Glance|publisher=Lubbock Chamber of Commerce]

Summers in Lubbock are hot, although temperatures usually drop 30 degrees overnight, creating lows between convert|60|°F|°C|abbr=on and convert|70|°F|°C|abbr=on. Average high temperatures are about convert|90|°F|°C|abbr=on in June, July, and August. The highest recorded temperature was convert|114|°F|°C|abbr=on in 1994.cite web|url=http://www.weather.com/weather/wxclimatology/monthly/USTX0808|title=Monthly Averages for Lubbock, TX|publisher=The Weather Channel]

Winter days in Lubbock are typically sunny and relatively mild, but nights are cold with temperatures dipping below freezing. [cite web|url=http://www.arch.ttu.edu/intro/TTU-COA-2007-lubbockfacts.pdf|title=Facts About Lubbock, TX|accessdate=2007-12-18|publisher=Texas Tech University|format=PDF]

Infobox Weather
single_line=Yes
location = Lubbock, Texas
Jan_Hi_°F =52 |Jan_REC_Hi_°F = 87
Feb_Hi_°F =58 |Feb_REC_Hi_°F = 89
Mar_Hi_°F =66 |Mar_REC_Hi_°F = 95
Apr_Hi_°F =75 |Apr_REC_Hi_°F =100
May_Hi_°F =83 |May_REC_Hi_°F =109
Jun_Hi_°F =90 |Jun_REC_Hi_°F =114
Jul_Hi_°F =92 |Jul_REC_Hi_°F =109
Aug_Hi_°F =90 |Aug_REC_Hi_°F =107
Sep_Hi_°F =83 |Sep_REC_Hi_°F = 105
Oct_Hi_°F =74 |Oct_REC_Hi_°F = 100
Nov_Hi_°F =62 |Nov_REC_Hi_°F =89
Dec_Hi_°F =53 |Dec_REC_Hi_°F =83
Year_Hi_°F =73 |Year_REC_Hi_°F = 114
Jan_Lo_°F = 24 |Jan_REC_Lo_°F =-16
Feb_Lo_°F =29 |Feb_REC_Lo_°F =-17
Mar_Lo_°F =36 |Mar_REC_Lo_°F =-2
Apr_Lo_°F =45 |Apr_REC_Lo_°F =18
May_Lo_°F =56 |May_REC_Lo_°F =29
Jun_Lo_°F =64 |Jun_REC_Lo_°F =39
Jul_Lo_°F =68 |Jul_REC_Lo_°F =49
Aug_Lo_°F =66 |Aug_REC_Lo_°F =43
Sep_Lo_°F =58 |Sep_REC_Lo_°F =33
Oct_Lo_°F =47 |Oct_REC_Lo_°F =18
Nov_Lo_°F =35 |Nov_REC_Lo_°F = -1
Dec_Lo_°F =26 |Dec_REC_Lo_°F = -2
Year_Lo_°F =46 |Year_REC_Lo_°F =-17
Jan_Precip_inch = 0.50
Feb_Precip_inch = 0.71
Mar_Precip_inch = 0.76
Apr_Precip_inch = 1.29
May_Precip_inch =2.31
Jun_Precip_inch =2.98
Jul_Precip_inch =2.13
Aug_Precip_inch =2.36
Sep_Precip_inch =2.57
Oct_Precip_inch =1.70
Nov_Precip_inch =0.71
Dec_Precip_inch =0.67
Year_Precip_inch =18.7
source =weather.com
accessdate =2008-01-12

Law and government

Lubbock has a council-manager government system, with all governmental powers resting in a legislative body called a city council. The current mayor of Lubbock, elected May 9, 2008, is Tom Martin.

Lubbock County and the City of Lubbock have an unusual legal situation regarding the sale of alcoholic beverages. The county allows package sales but not "by the drink" sales except at private institutions such as country clubs. Inside the Lubbock city limits, the situation is reversed with restaurants and bars able to serve alcohol but liquor stores forbidden. Lubbock remained legally dry until an election on April 9, 1972, made liquor by the drink, but not package sales, legal, and Lubbock abandoned its distinction as the largest dry city in the country.Handbook of Texas|id=LL/hdl4|name=Lubbock, Texas] A privately owned conglomeration of liquor stores, called "The Strip", is located on U.S. Highway 87. Though within city limits, "The Strip" is exempt from the city's liquor laws.fact|date=January 2008

On November 21, 2006, the Lubbock City Council voted 5-1 to annex "The Strip", making package alcohol sales legal within the city limits. There exist, however, significant barriers to entry for stores outside "The Strip" area to sell packaged alcohol. The new annexation will contribute a sales tax of 1.5%, or 10 cents for every 7 dollars, to the city. Due to state law, liquor sales will be limited to the newly annexed area.

Economy

The Lubbock area is the largest contiguous cotton-growing region in the world and is heavily dependent on irrigation water drawn from the Ogallala Aquifer. [cite web|url=http://education-portal.com/articles/Texas_Computer_Training_Institute_-_Lubbock.html|title= Texas Computer Training Institute - Lubbock|publisher=Education Portal] However, the aquifer is being depleted at a rate that is not sustainable in the long term. Much progress has been made in the area of water conservation and new technologies such as Low Energy Precision Application (LEPA) irrigation were originally developed in the Lubbock area.

Adolph R. Hanslik, who died in 2007 at the age of ninety, was called the "dean" of the Lubbock cotton industry, having worked for years to promote the export trade. Hanslik was also the largest contributor (through 2006) to the Texas Tech University Medical Center. [cite web|url=http://kohm.org/blog/?p=1460#more-1460|title=Local Cotton Exporter, Philanthropist Dies|publisher=KOHM|last=Ginter|first=Derrick] He also endowed the Texas Czech Heritage and Cultural Center's capital campaign for construction of a new library museum archives building in La Grange in Fayette County in his native southeastern Texas. [cite web|url=http://www.leader-news.com/news/2007/1212/lifestyle/049.html|title=Hanslik's contribution to the Texas Czech Center announced|publisher="El Campo Leader-News"]

The ten largest employers in terms of the number of employees are: Texas Tech University, Covenant Health Systems, Lubbock Independent School District, University Medical Center, United Supermarkets, City of Lubbock, Texas Tech University Health Sciences Center, Cingular, Convergys, and Lubbock County. A study conducted by a professor at the Rawls College of Business determined that Texas Tech students, faculty and staff generate about $1.5 billion with about $297.5 million from student shopping alone. [cite web|url=http://media.www.dailytoreador.com/media/storage/paper870/news/2008/08/26/News/Students.Return.Boosts.Universitys.BillionDollar.Impact.In.Lubbock-3403983.shtml|title=Students' return boosts university's billion-dollar impact in Lubbock|accessdate=2008-08-25|publisher="The Daily Toreador"|last=Graham|first=Mike]

Lubbock has one regional enclosed mall, South Plains Mall, which includes two Dillard's, Mervyns, JC Penney, Sears, and Bealls.

Lubbock also has one regional open air center Kingsgate Shopping Center that includes numerous upscale fashion tenants such as Malouf's, Banana Republic, Coldwater Creek, Woodhouse Day Spa, Chico's, Harold's, Ann Taylor, and others.

As of March 2007, there are four Wal-Mart Supercenters in the city, with two having been recently completed.

Economic Development

Originally founded as Market Lubbock in 1997, the Lubbock Economic Development Alliance (LEDA) was established by the City to recruit new business and industry to Lubbock and to retain existing companies. LEDA's mission is to promote economic growth through the creation of high quality jobs, attract new capital investment, retain and expand existing businesses, and improve the quality of life in Lubbock, Texas.

Demographics

As of the censusGR|2 of 2000, there were 199,564 people, 77,527 households, and 48,531 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,738.2 people per square mile (671.1/km²). There were 84,066 housing units at an average density of 732.2/sq mi (282.7/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 72.87% White, 8.66% African American, 0.56% Native American, 1.54% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 14.32% from other races, and 2.01% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 27.45% of the population.

There are 77,527 households, of which 30.3% have children under the age of 18 living with them, 45.6% were married couples living together, 12.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 37.4% are classified as non-families by the United States Census Bureau. Of 77,527 households, 3,249 are unmarried partner households: 2,802 heterosexual, 196 same-sex male, and 251 same-sex female households. 28.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.0% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.47 and the average family size was 3.07.

In the city the population was spread out with 24.9% under the age of 18, 17.9% from 18 to 24, 27.6% from 25 to 44, 18.4% from 45 to 64, and 11.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 30 years. For every 100 females there were 94.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.1 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $31,844, and the median income for a family was $41,418. Males had a median income of $30,222 versus $21,708 for females. The per capita income for the city was $17,511. About 12.0% of families and 18.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 21.9% of those under age 18 and 10.1% of those age 65 or over.

People and culture

Lubbock is the birthplace of rock and roll legend Buddy Holly and features a cultural center named for him. The city previously hosted an annual Buddy Holly Music Festival. However, the event was renamed Lubbock Music Festival after Holly's widow increased usage fees for his name. Similarly, the city renamed the Buddy Holly West Texas Walk of Fame to honor area musicians as the West Texas Hall of Fame. [cite web|url=http://ca.music.yahoo.com/read/news/43931755|title=Lubbock scraps Holly name at two sites|accessdate=2008-09-06|publisher=Yahoo! Music] Holly's legacy is also remembered through the work of deejays such as Bud Andrews and Virgil Johnson on radio station KDAV-AM. [cite web|url=http://www.kdav.com/bandrews.html|title=KDAV DJ, Bud Andrews|publisher=KDAV-AM]

Lubbock's Memorial Civic Center hosts many events. Former Mayor Morris Turner (1931-2008), who served from 1972-1974, has been called the father of the Civic Center. The city has also been the birthplace or home of several country musicians including Delbert McClinton, Jimmie Dale Gilmore, Butch Hancock and Joe Ely (collectively known as The Flatlanders), Mac Davis, Terry Allen, Lloyd Maines and his daughter, Dixie Chicks singer, Natalie Maines, Texas Tech alums Pat Green and Cory Morrow, and Coronado High School graduate Richie McDonald (lead singer of Lonestar until 2007). Pete Orta from the Christian rock group Petra and basketball players Craig Ehlo and Daniel Santiago have also called Lubbock home. The city is also the birthplace of actor Chace Crawford ("The Covenant", "Gossip Girl") and singer Travis Garland from the band NLT.

The National Cowboy Symposium and Celebration, an annual event celebrating the prototypical Old West cowboy, takes place in Lubbock. The event is held in September and features art, music, cowboy poetry, stories, and the presentation of scholarly papers on cowboy culture and the history of the American West. A chuckwagon cook-off and horse parade also take place during the event.

Every year on July 4, Lubbock hosts the 4th on Broadway event, an Independence Day festival. The event is entirely free to the public, and is considered the largest free festival in Texas. The day's activities usually include a morning parade, a street fair along Broadway Avenue with food stalls and live bands, the Early Settlers' Luncheon, and an evening concert/fireworks program. Broadway Festivals Inc., the non-profit corporation which organizes the event, estimates a 2004 attendance of over 175,000 people. Additionally, the College Baseball Foundation holds events relating to its College Baseball Hall of Fame during the 4th on Broadway event.

Lubbock's main newspaper is the "Lubbock Avalanche-Journal", which is owned by Morris Communications. Texas Tech University publishes a student-run daily newspaper called, "The Daily Toreador".

Local TV stations include KTXT-TV-5 (PBS), KCBD-11 (NBC), KLBK-13 (CBS), KAMC-28 (ABC), and KJTV-TV-34 (Fox).

According to a study released by the non-partisan Bay Area Center for Voting Research, Lubbock is the second most conservative city in the United States with a population over 100,000. [cite web|url=http://www.govpro.com/News/Article/31439/|title=Study Ranks America’s Most Liberal and Conservative Cities|publisher=GovPro]

Attractions

The National Ranching Heritage Center, a museum of ranching history, is located in Lubbock. It features a number of authentic early Texas ranch buildings as well as a railroad depot and other historic buildings. There is also an extensive collection of weapons on display. Jim Humphreys, late manager of the Pitchfork Ranch east of Lubbock, was a prominent board member of the center.

The Southwest Collection, an archive of the history of the region and its surroundings which also works closely with the College Baseball Foundation, is located on the campus of Texas Tech University, as are the Moody Planetarium and the Museum of Texas Tech University.

The Depot District, an area of the city dedicated to music and nightlife, is located in the old railroad depot area and boasts a number of theatres, upscale restaurants, and cultural attractions. The Depot District is also home to several shops, pubs and nightclubs, a radio station, a brewery, a magazine, a winery, a salon, and other establishments. Many of the buildings were remodeled from the original Fort Worth & Denver South Plains Railway Depot which originally stood on the site. The Buddy Holly Center, a museum highlighting the life and music of Buddy Holly, is also located in the Depot District.

Lubbock is also home to the Silent Wings Museum. Located on North I-27, Silent Wings features photographs and artifacts from the World War II era glider pilots.

The Science Spectrum is an interactive museum and IMAX Dome theatre with a special focus on children and youth.

Mackenzie Park

Mackenzie Park is home to Joyland Amusement Park, Prairie Dog town, and both a disc golf and regular golf course. The park also holds the American Wind Power Center which houses over 100 historic windmills on 28 acres. The Brazos river winds through Mackenzie Park. It is collectively part of the rather extensive Lubbock Park system. [cite web|url=http://www.traveltex.com/pg/Activity.aspx?id=966cfb5b-6be4-41f1-9d95-7b3b16b73f8b|title=Mackenzie Park/Prairie Dog Town|publisher=Texas Travel] [cite web|url=http://lubbockhospitality.com/mackenzie|title=Lubbock's Mackenzie Park|publisher=Lubbock Hospitality]

In March 1877, Mackenzie Park was the site of the Battle of Yellow House Canyon, which occurred during the Buffalo Hunters' War.

ports

The Texas Tech Red Raiders have seventeen teams in eleven different varsity sports. Men's varsity sports at Texas Tech are baseball, basketball, cross country, football, golf, tennis, and indoor and outdoor track & field. Women's varsity sports are basketball, cross country, golf, indoor and outdoor track & field, soccer, softball, tennis, and volleyball. The university also offers 27 club sports, including cycling, equestrian, ice hockey, lacrosse, polo, rodeo, rugby, running, sky diving, swimming, and wrestling. In 2006, the polo team, composed of Will Tankard, Ross Haislip, Peter Blake, and Tanner Kneese, won the collegiate national championship. [cite web|url=http://www.polobarn.com/events/events2006/march06/032306_nationals.html|title=2006 Collegiate Polo Championships|publisher=The Polo Zone]

The football program has been competing since October 3, 1925. The Red Raiders have won eleven conference titles and been to 31 bowl games, winning five of the last six (as of January 1, 2008).

The men's basketball program, started in 1925 and presently coached by Pat Knight, son of hall-of-famer and former Texas Tech coach Bob Knight, has been to the NCAA Tournament 14 times—advancing to the Sweet 16 three times.

Of the varsity sports, Texas Tech has had its greatest success in women's basketball. Led by Sheryl Swoopes and head coach Marsha Sharp, the Lady Raiders won the NCAA Women's Basketball Championship in 1993. The Lady Raiders have also been to the NCAA Elite Eight three times and the NCAA Sweet 16 seven times. In early 2006, Lady Raiders coach Marsha Sharp resigned and was replaced on March 30, 2006 by Kristy Curry, who had been coaching at Purdue.

Other sports at Tech include cross country, baseball, golf, tennis, track, ice hockey, soccer, softball, volleyball and polo.

High school athletics also feature prominently in the local culture. In addition, Lubbock is the home of the Chaparrals of Lubbock Christian University. In 2007, the Lubbock Renegades began play as a member of the af2, a developmental league of the Arena Football League.

In 2007, the Lubbock Western All-Stars Little League Baseball team made it to the final four of the Little League World Series. [cite web|url=http://www.littleleague.org/series/2007divisions/llbb/series.htm|title=2007 Little League World Series|publisher=Little League Baseball]

National Register of Historic Places

*Cactus Theater
*Canyon Lakes Archaeological District
*Carlock Building
*Fort Worth and Denver South Plains Railway Depot
*Fred and Annie Snyder House
*Holden Properties Historic District
*Kress Building
*Lubbock High School
*Lubbock Lake Landmark
*Lubbock Post Office and Federal Building
*South Overton Residential Historic District
*Texas Technological College Dairy Barn
*Texas Technological College Historic District
*Tubbs-Carlisle House
*Warren and Myrta Bacon House
*William Curry Holden and Olive Price Holden House

Transportation

The city's air services are provided by Lubbock Preston Smith International Airport, which is named for the Lubbock businessman who became lieutenant governor and governor of Texas. It is located on the northeast side of the city. Public transportation is provided by [http://www.citibus.com Citibus] , a bus transit system running Monday through Saturday every week with a transit center hub in downtown.

Lubbock is served by major highways. Interstate 27 (the former Avenue H) links the city to Amarillo and Interstate 40, a transcontinental route. I-27 was completed through the city in 1992 (it originally terminated just north of downtown). Other major highways include US 62 and US 82 which run concurrently (except for 4th Street (82) and 19th Street (62) through the city east-west as the Brownfield Highway (soon to be upgraded to Marsha Sharp Freeway, 19th Street (62 only), 4th Street/Parkway Drive (82 only) and Idalou Highway. US 84 (Avenue Q/Slaton Highway/Clovis Road) is also another east-west route running NW/SE diagonally. U.S. Highway 87 runs between San Angelo and Amarillo and follows I-27 concurrently. State Highway 114 runs east-west, following US 62/82 on the east before going its own way. Lubbock is circled by Loop 289, which suffers from traffic congestion despite being a potential bypass around the city, which is the reason behind I-27 and Brownfield Highway being built through the city to have freeway traffic flow effectively inside the loop.

The city is set up on a simple grid plan. In the heart of the city, numbered streets run east-west and lettered avenues run north-south — the grid begins at Avenue A in the east and First Street in the north. North of First Street, city planners chose to name streets alphabetically from the south to the north. The north-south avenues run from A to Y. What would be Avenue Z is actually University Avenue since it runs along the east side of Texas Tech. Beyond that, the A-to-Z convention resumes, using two-syllable names (e.g. Memphis Avenue, Quaker Avenue, Vicksburg Avenue). Again, the Z name is not used, with Slide Road appearing in its place.

Lubbock has no inter-city rail service, although there have been various proposals over the years to remedy this. One, the "Caprock Chief", would have seen daily service as part of a Fort Worth, Texas—Denver, Colorado service, but it failed to gain traction. [cite news | title=Lubbock officials backing plans for Amtrak rail service | url=http://www.amarillo.com/stories/080201/tex_amtrakrail.shtml | date=2001-08-02 | work=Amarillo Globe-News | accessdate=2008-05-14 | first=Chris | last=Van Wagenen]

Education

Public Schools

Most of Lubbock is served by the Lubbock Independent School District. Small portions of Lubbock extend into the neighboring districts of Frenship, Lubbock-Cooper, and Roosevelt.

Private Schools

*All Saints Episcopal School
*Christ The King High School
*Lubbock Christian High School
*Trinity Christian High School
*Neighborhood Academy

Colleges and Universities

*Texas Tech University
*Lubbock Christian University
*South Plains College
*Wayland Baptist University
*Sunset International Bible Institute

ee also

*"The Education of Shelby Knox"

References

External links

* [http://www.visitlubbock.org/ Visit Lubbock]
* [http://www.ci.lubbock.tx.us/ City of Lubbock Official Site]
* [http://www.wildtexas.com/parks/results.php?nearby_cities=Lubbock Lubbock Area Parks]
* [http://www.lubbockchamber.com/ Lubbock Chamber of Commerce]
* [http://www.lubbockeda.org/ Lubbock Economic Development Alliance]
* [http://www.lubbockhispanic.org/ Lubbock Hispanic Chamber of Commerce]
* [http://www.lubbockonline.com "Lubbock Avalanche-Journal" newspaper]
*wikitravel|Lubbock
* [http://www.buddyhollywalk.com/ Buddy Holly Walk]
* [http://swco.ttu.edu/Digital_Collections/WinstonReeves/ Historical photos by Winston Reeves at Southwest Collection/Special Collections Library, Texas Tech University]
* [http://swco.ttu.edu/Digital_Collections/LubbockPictorial/ Other historical photos at Southwest Collection/Special Collections Library, Texas Tech University]


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