Waxahachie, Texas


Waxahachie, Texas

Infobox Settlement
official_name = Waxahachie, Texas
settlement_type = City
nickname = "The Gingerbread City"
motto =


imagesize = 250px
image_caption = Ellis County Courthouse in Waxahachie


image_



mapsize = 250px
map_caption = Location of Waxahachie, Texas



mapsize1 = 250px
map_caption1 =
subdivision_type = Country
subdivision_name = United States
subdivision_type1 = State
subdivision_name1 = Texas
subdivision_type2 = County
subdivision_name2 = Ellis
government_footnotes =
government_type =
leader_title = Mayor
leader_name = Joe Jenkins
leader_title1 = City Manager
leader_name1 = Paul Stevens
established_title =
established_date =
unit_pref = Imperial
area_footnotes =
area_magnitude =
area_total_km2 = 106.6
area_land_km2 = 103.5
area_water_km2 = 3.1
area_total_sq_mi = 41.2
area_land_sq_mi = 40.0
area_water_sq_mi = 1.2
population_as_of = 2000
population_footnotes =
population_total = 21426
population_density_km2 = 207.0
population_density_sq_mi = 536.1
timezone = Central (CST)
utc_offset = -6
timezone_DST = CDT
utc_offset_DST = -5
elevation_footnotes =
elevation_m = 170
elevation_ft = 558
latd = 32 |latm = 23 |lats = 59 |latNS = N
longd = 96 |longm = 50 |longs = 50 |longEW = W
postal_code_type = ZIP codes
postal_code = 75165, 75167, 75168
area_code = 972
blank_name = FIPS code
blank_info = 48-76816GR|2
blank1_name = GNIS feature ID
blank1_info = 1349560GR|3
website = http://www.waxahachie.com
footnotes =

Waxahachie is a city in Ellis County, Texas, United States. The population was 21,426 at the 2000 census. It is the county seat of Ellis County.GR|6

Waxahachie was the birthplace of Tom Blasingame, considered the oldest cowboy in the history of the American West, and also of Byron Nelson, a professional golf legend.

Geography

Waxahachie is located at coor dms|32|23|59|N|96|50|50|W|city (32.399861, -96.847291),GR|1 approximately 48 km (30 mi) south of Dallas, Texas.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 41.2 square miles (106.6 km²), of which, 40.0 square miles (103.5 km²) of it is land and 1.2 square miles (3.1 km²) of it (2.91%) is water.

Demographics

As of the censusGR|2 of 2000, there were 21,426 people, 7,325 households, and 5,398 families residing in the city. The population density was 536.1 people per square mile (207.0/km²). There were 7,909 housing units at an average density of 197.9/sq mi (76.4/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 70.45% White, 17.10% African American, 0.76% Native American, 0.40% Asian, 9.33% from other races, and 1.96% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 19.74% of the population.

There were 7,325 households out of which 36.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 54.7% were married couples living together, 14.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 26.3% were non-families. 21.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.73 and the average family size was 3.18.

In the city the population was spread out with 26.9% under the age of 18, 13.3% from 18 to 24, 28.0% from 25 to 44, 19.4% from 45 to 64, and 12.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 32 years. For every 100 females there were 93.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 90.3 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $43,213, and the median income for a family was $50,048. Males had a median income of $32,597 versus $23,838 for females. The per capita income for the city was $19,003. About 10.5% of families and 12.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 19.3% of those under age 18 and 11.1% of those age 65 or over.

Name

The first syllable is pronounced "wahks", not "wax" as is often the case. Also, the official Native American meaning of the name is "cow creek" or "buffalo creek" and is not the name of a Native American tribe which is a common misconception. The word "creek" in some translations is "chips" making the town name mean "buffalo chips". Another, much more believable etymology for the name is insisted on by speakers of Wichita, the language of the tribe which used to live in the area but now lives mostly around Anadarko, Oklahoma. Wichitas claim the name comes from their word "waks'ahe:ts'i" (The apostrophe represents a glottal stop, like the middle sound in "oh oh"; "a" is schwah ("uh"); "e:" sounds almost like the "a" of "hat"; "ts" before "i" in this language often sounds like "ch" to English speaking ears; "i" has the continental value, like the one in English "machine"). It means 'fat wildcat'. Source: Dr. David S. Rood, linguist at the University of Colorado, who has been studying the Wichita language since 1965.

Economy

The city is home to Southwestern Assemblies of God University. Waxahachie is also widely known for being the site of the now-defunct Superconducting Super Collider.

It is also locally known for its elaborate Richardsonian Romanesque courthouse, considered by many to be among the most beautiful of Texas's older courthouses. The town also features many examples of Victorian architecture and Gingerbread homes, several of which have been converted into bed and breakfasts. The city's annual Gingerbread Trails festival features tours of many of these homes.

Additionally, Waxahachie has a growing reputation of being a "little Hollywood." The Academy-Award winning films "Places in the Heart" starring Sally Field and John Malkovich, and "Tender Mercies" starring Robert Duvall, were both filmed in Waxahachie. The long-running television series "Walker, Texas Ranger" starring Chuck Norris was filmed in Waxahachie.

Employment opportunities in the city are highly oriented toward industry: Owens Corning Fiberglas, Georgia-Pacific, and neighboring Texas Industries and Holcim.Positions for these companies are mainly filled through the Texas Workforce Commission which has an office in the city.

Among the larger non-industrial employers in the city are Baylor Medical Center and The Waxahachie Independent School District?

Education

Waxahachie is served by the Waxahachie Independent School District. The district, recently identified as a rapidly growing districtFact|date=April 2007, has begun construction on several new campuses. There are currently five elementary campuses, two middle school campuses, a ninth grade center, and two high schools. Waxahachie Global High School, a T-STEM school emphasizing instruction in science, math and technology in a small-learning-community environment, opened on August 27, 2007. Two additional schools are currently under construction and are expected to be finished for the 2008 school year.

WISD aims to offer all of its students a well-rounded education and offers AP and Dual Credit courses as well as varied vocational courses. Waxahachie High School is classified as 4A and offers a range of extracurricular activities to its students, including football, men's and women's basketball, men's and women's soccer, baseball, softball, golf, tennis, concert and marching band, drama, choir, drill team, and dozens of academic teams and clubs. Several of the school's programs have achieved national recognition in recent years.

The area is also served by several private schools offering K-12 education.

Two post-secondary educational institutions have campuses in the city of Waxahachie. Navarro College, a junior college located in Corsicana, TX, has a branch in Waxahachie. Southwestern Assemblies of God University is a private four-year university affiliated with the Assemblies of God offering accredited undergraduate and graduate degrees.

References

External links

* [http://www.waxahachie.com City website]


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