Hereford, Texas

Hereford, Texas

Infobox Settlement
official_name = Hereford, Texas
settlement_type = City
nickname =
motto =

imagesize =
image_caption =


mapsize = 250px
map_caption = Location of Hereford, Texas

mapsize1 = 250px
map_caption1 =

subdivision_type = Country
subdivision_name = United States
subdivision_type1 = State
subdivision_name1 = Texas
subdivision_type2 = County
subdivision_name2 = Deaf Smith

government_footnotes =
government_type =
leader_title =
leader_name =
leader_title1 =
leader_name1 =
established_title =
established_date =

unit_pref = Imperial
area_footnotes =

area_magnitude =
area_total_km2 = 14.5
area_land_km2 = 14.5
area_water_km2 = 0.0
area_total_sq_mi = 5.6
area_land_sq_mi = 5.6
area_water_sq_mi = 0.0

population_as_of = 2000
population_footnotes =
population_total = 14597
population_density_km2 = 1004.2
population_density_sq_mi = 2600.8

timezone = Central (CST)
utc_offset = -6
timezone_DST = CDT
utc_offset_DST = -5
elevation_footnotes =
elevation_m = 1163
elevation_ft = 3816
latd = 34 |latm = 49 |lats = 19 |latNS = N
longd = 102 |longm = 23 |longs = 55 |longEW = W

postal_code_type = ZIP code
postal_code = 79045
area_code = 806
blank_name = FIPS code
blank_info = 48-33320GR|2
blank1_name = GNIS feature ID
blank1_info = 1359066GR|3
website =
footnotes =

Hereford is a city in Deaf Smith County, Texas, United States. The population was 14,597 at the 2000 census. It is the only incorporated Hereford in the country. It is the county seat of Deaf Smith County.GR|6

Edgar Mitchell (born September 17, 1930) is an American pilot and astronaut. As the lunar module pilot of Apollo 14, he spent nine hours of February 9, 1971 moonwalking on the Fra Mauro formation, making him the sixth man to walk on the Moon. He was born in Hereford.

Hereford's local water supply contains an unusually high level of naturally-occurring fluorine. Since fluoride is used to protect against tooth decay, Hereford earned the title "The Town Without a Toothache". It is also known as the Beef Capital of the World because of the large number of cattle fed in the area (the city is named for the Hereford breed). The local economy is affected significantly by growth in the dairy industry and ethanol industry.

The area is known for its semi-arid climate with heavy farming and ranching throughout the area sustained by irrigation from the Ogallala Aquifer.

Arrowhead Mills, a health-food company established by the nutritionist Jesse Frank Ford, began operations in Hereford in 1960. The company seeks to produce corn and wheat free from the use of pesticides.


Hereford is located at coor dms|34|49|19|N|102|23|55|W|city (34.821961, -102.398617).GR|1

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 5.6 square miles (14.5 km²), all of it land.


As of the censusGR|2 of 2000, there were 14,597 people, 4,839 households, and 3,730 families residing in the city. The population density was 2,600.8 people per square mile (1,004.6/km²). There were 5,323 housing units at an average density of 948.4/sq mi (366.3/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 69.86% White, 1.76% African American, 0.82% Native American, 0.26% Asian, 0.12% Pacific Islander, 24.77% from other races, and 2.41% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 61.37% of the population.

There were 4,839 households out of which 42.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 58.4% were married couples living together, 14.4% had a female householder with no husband present, and 22.9% were non-families. 20.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.96 and the average family size was 3.44.

In the city the population was spread out with 34.0% under the age of 18, 9.9% from 18 to 24, 25.6% from 25 to 44, 18.1% from 45 to 64, and 12.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 30 years. For every 100 females there were 92.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 87.7 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $29,599, and the median income for a family was $33,387. Males had a median income of $26,488 versus $18,920 for females. The per capita income for the city was $12,787. About 19.4% of families and 20.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 25.9% of those under age 18 and 15.8% of those age 65 or over.


The City of Hereford is served by the Hereford Independent School District.


External links

* [ Historic photographs of Hereford from the Deaf Smith County Library hosted by the Portal to Texas History]

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