- Hereford, Texas
official_name = Hereford, Texas
mapsize1 = 250px
unit_pref = Imperial
area_total_km2 = 14.5
area_land_km2 = 14.5
area_water_km2 = 0.0
area_total_sq_mi = 5.6
area_land_sq_mi = 5.6
area_water_sq_mi = 0.0
population_as_of = 2000
population_total = 14597
population_density_km2 = 1004.2
population_density_sq_mi = 2600.8
timezone = Central (CST)
utc_offset = -6
timezone_DST = CDT
utc_offset_DST = -5
elevation_m = 1163
elevation_ft = 3816
latd = 34 |latm = 49 |lats = 19 |latNS = N
longd = 102 |longm = 23 |longs = 55 |longEW = W
Hereford is a city in Deaf Smith County,
Texas, United States. The population was 14,597 at the 2000 census. It is the only incorporated Hereford in the country. It is the county seatof Deaf Smith County.GR|6
Edgar Mitchell (born September 17, 1930) is an American pilot and astronaut. As the lunar module pilot of Apollo 14, he spent nine hours of February 9, 1971 moonwalking on the Fra Mauro formation, making him the sixth man to walk on the Moon. He was born in Hereford.
Hereford's local water supply contains an unusually high level of naturally-occurring
fluorine. Since fluorideis used to protect against tooth decay, Hereford earned the title "The Town Without a Toothache". It is also known as the Beef Capital of the World because of the large number of cattle fed in the area (the city is named for the Hereford breed). The local economy is affected significantly by growth in the dairy industry and ethanolindustry.
The area is known for its semi-arid climate with heavy farming and ranching throughout the area sustained by irrigation from the
Arrowhead Mills, a health-food company established by the
nutritionistJesse Frank Ford, began operations in Hereford in 1960. The company seeks to produce cornand wheatfree from the use of pesticides.
Hereford is located at coor dms|34|49|19|N|102|23|55|W|city (34.821961, -102.398617).GR|1
According to the
United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 5.6 square miles (14.5 km²), all of it land.
As of the
censusGR|2 of 2000, there were 14,597 people, 4,839 households, and 3,730 families residing in the city. The population densitywas 2,600.8 people per square mile (1,004.6/km²). There were 5,323 housing units at an average density of 948.4/sq mi (366.3/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 69.86% White, 1.76% African American, 0.82% Native American, 0.26% Asian, 0.12% Pacific Islander, 24.77% from other races, and 2.41% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 61.37% of the population.
There were 4,839 households out of which 42.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 58.4% were married couples living together, 14.4% had a female householder with no husband present, and 22.9% were non-families. 20.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.96 and the average family size was 3.44.
In the city the population was spread out with 34.0% under the age of 18, 9.9% from 18 to 24, 25.6% from 25 to 44, 18.1% from 45 to 64, and 12.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 30 years. For every 100 females there were 92.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 87.7 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $29,599, and the median income for a family was $33,387. Males had a median income of $26,488 versus $18,920 for females. The
per capita incomefor the city was $12,787. About 19.4% of families and 20.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 25.9% of those under age 18 and 15.8% of those age 65 or over.
The City of Hereford is served by the
Hereford Independent School District.
* [http://texashistory.unt.edu/browse/contributor/DSCL/ Historic photographs of Hereford from the Deaf Smith County Library hosted by the Portal to Texas History]
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