University Park, Texas


University Park, Texas

Infobox Settlement
official_name = University Park, Texas
settlement_type = City
nickname =


imagesize =
image_caption =


imagesize =
image_caption =



mapsize = 250x200px
map_caption = Location of University Park in Dallas County, Texas


mapsize1 =
map_caption1 =
subdivision_type = Country
subdivision_name = United States
subdivision_type1 = State
subdivision_name1 = Texas
subdivision_type2 = County
subdivision_name2 = Dallas
government_type =
leader_title = Mayor
leader_name = James H. Holmes, III
established_date =
area_magnitude = 1 E9
area_total_sq_mi = 3.75
area_land_sq_mi = 3.71
area_water_sq_mi = 0.04
area_water_percent =
area_total_km2 = 9.7
area_land_km2 = 9.6
area_water_km2 = 0.1
population_as_of = 2000
population_note =
population_total = 23324
population_density_km2 = 2420.8
timezone = Central
utc_offset = -6
timezone_DST = Central
utc_offset_DST = -5
elevation_m = 167
elevation_ft = 548
latd = 32 |latm = 50 |lats = 58 |latNS = N
longd = 96 |longm = 47 |longs = 31 |longEW = W
website = www.uptexas.org
postal_code_type = ZIP code
postal_code = 75225
area_code = 214
blank_name = FIPS code
blank_info = 48-74492GR|2
blank1_name = GNIS feature ID
blank1_info = 1377191GR|3
footnotes =

University Park is a city in Dallas County, Texas, (USA). The population was 23,324 at the 2000 census. The city is home to Southern Methodist University. Like its neighbor, Highland Park, it is a city partially surrounded by the municipality of Dallas. Together, Highland Park and University Park form the Park Cities.

Addresses in University Park use "Dallas, Texas" as the city designation; addresses do not have "University Park, Texas" designations [http://zip4.usps.com/zip4/zcl_3_results.jsp] .

Geography

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 3.7 square miles (9.7 km²), of which, 3.7 square miles (9.6 km²) of it is land and 0.27% is waterGR|1.

Demographics

As of the censusGR|2 of 2000, there were 23,324 people, 8,005 households, and 5,291 families residing in the city. The population density was 6,269.2 people per square mile (2,420.8/km²). There were 8,492 housing units at an average density of 2,282.5/sq mi (881.4/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 94.33% White, 1.43% African American, 0.22% Native American, 2.23% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.93% from other races, and 0.84% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 3.10% of the population.

In terms of formal education, University Park was Texas' best educated city, edging out Highland Park, with 82.8% of adults age 25 years or older holding an associate degree or higher, and 80.5% of adult residents possessing a baccalaureate degree or higher.

There were 8,005 households out of which 40.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 56.7% were married couples living together, 7.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 33.9% were non-families. 27.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.0% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.59 and the average family size was 3.26.

In the city the population was spread out with 28.2% under the age of 18, 16.4% from 18 to 24, 26.2% from 25 to 44, 21.3% from 45 to 64, and 7.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 31 years. For every 100 females there were 87.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 83.1 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $92,778, and the median income for a family was $140,573. Males had a median income of $100,000 versus $44,007 for females. The per capita income for the city was $63,414. About 3.3% of families and 5.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 3.9% of those under age 18 and 1.8% of those age 65 or over.

History

The current status of University Park was not arrived at easily. The city began as a cluster of homes surrounding the fledgling Southern Methodist University, which was founded in the then-rural Dallas County in 1915. The university supplied these homes with utility service until 1924, when the growing population could no longer be supported by the school’s utilities. In response, the area’s homeowners first sought annexation into the Town of Highland Park, but were refused due to the high cost which would have been required to provide the necessary utility and safety services. Shortly thereafter, Dallas also refused a request for annexation on similar grounds.Determined to confront the challenges before them, community leaders organized to incorporate as a separate individual city. According to state law, incorporation required that area residents hold an election on the issue before the new city could be officially formed and recognized. On April 24, 1924, voters approved the measure by a 5:1 margin. Operating under the Commission form of government, the city began the work of shaping the new government and addressing the pressing need to establish basic municipal services. To provide for the financial needs of the city, another election was held soon thereafter to authorize the issuance of municipal bonds. Passing by a near unanimous margin, the $150,000 bond issue funded the installation of a new water supply system, street paving, and the construction of a new city hall and fire station. When first incorporated, the city encompassed 515 acres, 380 homes, and 1200 residents.As a result of efforts to build and improve the city, University Park grew to a population of over 20,000 residents by 1945 and had become one of the most prestigious locations in the area. In fact, the community’s attractiveness and tax value had risen to such an extent that the city of Dallas now wanted to annex University Park into its boundaries. At the time of the election, even the Board of Commissioners favored the election. In the largest voter turnout to that date and still one of the largest in city history, the annexation was denied by a 53% to 47% margin.In 1946 and election to adopt a “Home Rule Charter” was held, but the measure failed and the city continued to operate as a General Law city. In 1989 voters approved a Home Rule Charter which officially adopted a Council-Manager form of government and expanded the three member board of Commissioners into a five member city council.Since the 1940’s, the population and area of University Park have remained relatively stable at 22,000 residents and 2,350 acres (4.7 square miles). The city is now surrounded by Dallas on three sides and the Town of Highland Park to the south. The city’s unique character, high property values, and low tax rate have been steadily maintained. University Park residents continue to work together with the government to build a distinctive community and have come to expect the high level of personal service with which they have always been provided.

Education

Primary and secondary schools

Public schools

University Park is served by the Highland Park Independent School District. Highland Park High School is located within the boundaries of University Park, and it also serves the HPISD area in the city of Highland Park.

Colleges and universities

Southern Methodist University is located in the city of University Park.

Dallas County Community College District operates nearby community colleges.

Public libraries

The [http://www.uplibrary.org/ University Park Public Library] is located at 6517 Hillcrest Suite 110, 75205.

Media

"The Dallas Morning News" is the Dallas citywide newspaper.

" [http://www.peoplenewspapers.com/ME2/Audiences/dirsect.asp?sid=FF3F320C489B4DA8B62754B470A43807&nm=News&AudID=DA7D68F24889442D98449D08560D8327 Park Cities People] " is a local community newspaper.

External links

* [http://www.uptexas.org/ City of University Park]
* [http://www.universityparkdallas.com/ Descriptions and Photographs of Every University Park Neighborhood]
* [http://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/UU/heu2.html University Park, Texas] at the "Handbook of Texas"

References

* [http://www.architecturallysignificanthomes.com/neighborhoods/Highland%5FPark%5Fand%5FUniversity%5FPark/ Architecturally Significant Homes and the History of University Park, Texas]
* [http://www.uptexas.org/index.cfm?FuseAction=page&PageID=000028/ History of University Park]


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