Al-Muzayri'a


Al-Muzayri'a
al-Muzayri'a
Roman Mausoleum in Mazor, Israel.jpg
Roman Mausoleum, converted into a Mosque, dedicated a prophet, al-Nabi Yahya ("the Prophet John").
al-Muzayri'a is located in Mandatory Palestine
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al-Muzayri'a
Arabic المُزيرعة
Also Spelled al-Muzeiri'a
District Ramla
Coordinates 32°02′56.89″N 34°56′58.39″E / 32.0491361°N 34.9495528°E / 32.0491361; 34.9495528Coordinates: 32°02′56.89″N 34°56′58.39″E / 32.0491361°N 34.9495528°E / 32.0491361; 34.9495528
Population 1,160[1] (1945)
Area 10,822[1] dunums
Date of depopulation 12 July 1948[2]
Cause(s) of depopulation Military assault by Yishuv forces
Current localities Mazor[3][4] Nechalim[4]

Al-Muzayri'a (Arabic: المُزيرعة‎) was a Palestinian village in the district of Ramla, depopulated in 1948.

Contents

Location

Al-Muzayri'a was located 15 kilometers (9.3 mi) north-northeast of al-Ramla, on limestone hill, overlooking the coastal plain. A wadi ran along its southern part, and separated it from the village of Qula. The village was about 1 km east of the al-Ramla-Haifa railway line. It was also located to the east of the al-Ramla-Jaffa highway.[4]

History

The location has a long history of habitation. A Roman mausoleum, still standing, (about 1 km south of the village site) was converted into a mosque dedicated to a prophet, al-Nabi Yahya ("the Prophet John").[when?] About 1 km northeast of the village was Khirbat Zikhrin, a Roman-Byzantine site that was inhabited during Mamluk and Ottoman periods. The place has been excavated since 1982.[4]

In 1596, Al-Muzayri'a was part of the Ottoman Empire, nahiya (subdistrict) of Jabel Qubal under the liwa' (district) of Nablus with a population of thirty-nine. It paid taxes on a number of crops, including wheat, barley, and olives, as well as goats, and beehives.[5]

The village was possibly abandoned during the seventeenth century, only to be reoccupied in the eighteenth century by a family from Dayr Ghassana, named al-Rumayh.[4] A. Mansell mentioned passing the village in the early 1860s.[6]

In 1919, a school for boys was founded in the village. By 1945 it had become a full-fledged elementary school, with 207 students, including children of the neighboring villages. 35 dunums of land was attached to the school. A school for girls was founded in 1945, and had an initial enrollment of 78 students.[4]

In 1944/45 the village had a population of 1,160. A total of 953 dunums of village land was used for citrus and bananas, 5,895 dunums were used for cereals, and 35 dunums were irrigated or used for orchards.[4][7]

1948, and aftermath

Mihrab, pointing towards Mecca, in the Roman Mausoleum

Al-Muzayri'a was located in the territory allotted to the Arab state under the 1947 UN Partition Plan.[8]

The Israeli settlement of Nechalim was founded in 1949 on the northwestern part of village land. The settlement of Mazor was founded the same year on the western part of village land.[4]

The Palestinian historian Walid Khalidi, described the place in 1992: "The site is largely forested. While a few houses remain, most have been reduced to rubble. Cacti and stone terraces are visible on the site."[4]

See also

Footnotes

  1. ^ a b Hadawi, 1970, p. 67
  2. ^ Morris, Benny, (second edition 2004 third printing 2006) The Birth Of The Palestinian Refugee Problem Revisited, Cambridge University Press, ISBN 0-521-00967-7 p xvi village 210
  3. ^ Morris, Benny, (second edition 2004 third printing 2006) The Birth Of The Palestinian Refugee Problem Revisited, Cambridge University Press, ISBN 0-521-00967-7 p xx village 98
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h i Khalidi, 1992, p. 399
  5. ^ Hütteroth, Wolf-Dieter and Kamal Abdulfattah (1977), Historical Geography of Palestine, Transjordan and Southern Syria in the Late 16th Century. Erlanger Geographische Arbeiten, Sonderband 5. Erlangen, Germany: Vorstand der Fränkischen Geographischen Gesellschaft. p. 136. Quoted in Khalidi, 1992, p. 399
  6. ^ Mansell, 1863, p.39. Cited in Khalidi, 1992, p.399
  7. ^ Hadawi, 1970, p.116
  8. ^ "Map of UN Partition Plan". United Nations. http://domino.un.org/maps/m0103_1b.gif. Retrieved 2009-08-06. 

Bibliography

External links


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