- Indult Catholic
Indult Catholics is a term used to denote Roman Catholics who prefer to attend the older Tridentine rite of Mass rather than the ordinary present-day form of the liturgy, the
Mass of Paul VI. Unlike some other Catholics who share this preference, they attend only celebrations of the Tridentine Mass which have the approval of the Church authorities.
The "Quattuor abhinc annos" Indult and "Ecclesia Dei"
Ever since the Mass of Paul VI replaced the Tridentine Mass in 1969-1970, some priests have been granted permission by the
Holy Seeto celebrate the old liturgy. For example, elderly priests were not required to adopt the new form when it was introduced, and in 1971 Pope Paul VI granted the " Agatha Christie indult" allowing occasional celebrations of the former rite in England and Wales. Paul VI chose not to liberalise further the celebration of the Tridentine liturgy on the grounds that it had become a politically-charged symbol of dissent associated with Traditionalist Catholicswho opposed his policies.
In 1984, the
Congregation for Divine Worship and the Discipline of the Sacramentssent the circular letter " Quattuor abhinc annos" [text at the [http://www.adoremus.org/Quattuorabhincannos.html Adoremus] website] to the presidents of the Episcopal Conferences, granting diocesan bishops an "indult" (permission) to authorize, under certain conditions, celebrations of the Tridentine Massas contained in the 1962 edition of the Roman Missalby priests and laypeople who request it.
Following the canonically illegal consecration of four bishops by Archbishop
Marcel Lefebvre, Pope John Paul IIissued on 2 July 1988a " motu proprio" entitled " Ecclesia Dei" recommending a "wide and generous application of the directives of the 1984 indult. Pope Benedict XVIextended John Paul's indult, and further reduced restrictions against the "usus antiquior" in the highly anticipated " motu proprio" of July 7 2007, " Summorum Pontificum". [ [http://www.vatican.va/holy_father/benedict_xvi/letters/2007/documents/hf_ben-xvi_let_20070707_lettera-vescovi_en.html Letter to the Bishops that accompanied the "motu proprio"] ] [ [http://www.sanctamissa.org/en/resources/summorum-pontificum.html "Motu proprio" "Summorum Pontificum"] ]
Indult Catholics within traditionalist Catholicism
The main condition on which diocesan bishops can grant authorization under the "Quattuor abhinc annos" indult is: "That it be made publicly clear beyond all ambiguity that such priests and their respective faithful in no way share the positions of those who call in question the legitimacy and doctrinal exactitude of the Roman Missal promulgated by
Pope Paul VIin 1970."
Many diocesan bishops have decided not to grant permission to use the old rite to certain priests or laypeople, In many cases this is because, in the opinion of the bishops in question, they do not meet this condition. Other refusals of permission are arguably more difficult to explain or justify.
traditionalist Catholics who, like the supporters of the Society of St. Pius X, do question the legitimacy and doctrinal exactitude of the revised rite, and are thus in a state of separation from the Holy See, claim that no authorization is required for celebrating Mass in the older form. They decry those who accept the conditions attached to the "Quattuor abhinc annos" indult - indeed, it was in this context that the term "Indult Catholics" originated - and frequently do not recognise them as fellow traditionalists.
Groups of indult Catholics
Groups of indult Catholics include priestly societies such as the
Priestly Fraternity of St. Peter, the Institute of Christ the King Sovereign Priest, the Personal Apostolic Administration of Saint John Mary Vianney, and other clerical and lay groups.
Mass of Paul VI
*Priestly Fraternity of Saint Peter
Institute of Christ the King Sovereign Priest
*Priestly Society of Saint John Mary Vianney
Canons Regular of the New Jerusalem
Fraternity of Saint Vincent Ferrer
Institute of the Good Shepherd
Canons Regular of Saint John Cantius
* [http://stpeters-troy.tripod.com/index.html Tridentine Parish of St. Peter & St. Paul] -- An "indult" parish
* [http://www.fssp.org/ Priestly Fraternity of Saint Peter]
* [http://www.icrsp.org/ Institute of Christ the King, Sovereign Priest]
* [http://www.canonsregular.com/ Canons Regular of the New Jerusalem]
* [http://www.societycantius.org/ Canons Regular of Saint John Cantius]
* [http://www.confiteordeo.info/latin_masses.htm The Indult Tridentine Rite of Mass] at [http://www.confiteordeo.info/ The Truth About the Catholic Church]
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