- Historic ferries of the Atlanta area
There were several
historic ferriesaround the metro Atlanta, Georgia area, for which many of its current-day roads are named. Most of the ferries date back to the 1820sand 1830s, to carry travelers across the Chattahoochee Riveror several other smaller rivers. Many of them were replaced with bridges, many of which became the historic bridges of the Atlanta area.
Bell's Ferry was a ferry across the Little River in
Cherokee County, Georgia. This location is now part of a narrow arm of Lake Allatoona.
Bells Ferry Road runs from Church Street (former
Georgia 3, one block west of former Georgia 5 on Cherokee Street) in Marietta north to Marietta Street (former Georgia 5) in Canton. It is an alternative route between the two county seats, departing well west of former Georgia 5 (which is now renumbered onto Interstate 575). Until 1984, the section of this road from Georgia 92at Oak Grove north to Canton was designated as Georgia 205.
Within the city of Marietta,
street signs use the proper "Bell's" rather than "Bells". However, the southernmost end of the road is called Church Street Extension, despite being a turn off of Church Street, and being a straight continuation of Bells Ferry Road. The counterintuitive name change occurs at an arbitrary place in the road (near Cobb EMC), instead of at a major intersection like Cobb Parkway. This section was once the main streetthrough the small town of Elizabeth.
Originally Montgomery Ferry.
Johnson's Ferry or the Johnson Ferry was built by
Johnson Garwood. Johnson Ferry Road (often incorrectly referred to as "Johnson's Ferry Road") is a major arterial roadbetween Cobb County and Sandy Springs. From Columns Drive on the northwest riverbankof the Chattahoochee River, southeast to Abernathy Road, and continuing east on Abernathy to Roswell Road ( Georgia 9), the roads have been temporarily designated by GDOTas Georgia state route 947. [http://220.127.116.11/search?q=cache:auB7hdajdHUJ:wwwb.dot.ga.gov/dot/preconstruction/urbandesign/johnsonferry-abernathy/Documents/PDF/ConceptReport/concept%2520report.pdf+georgia+state+route+947+abernathy&hl=en&ct=clnk&cd=2&gl=us.] This is due to the heavy volume of rush hourtraffic traveling this route to get to and from Georgia 400, and the failure of Cobb and Fulton counties to come to an agreement on their own, with Fulton at one time timing the traffic lights to cause further morning backups into Cobb. While all of the homes along Abernathy will be destroyed for widening, the neighborhoods along the 1¼ miles or two kilometers of Johnson Ferry Road will be spared. Johnson Ferry and Abernathy will be "broken", such that they flow directly into each other, and will require a turn to stay straight on the original roads. The 1969bridge at the former ferry location will be widened between Columns Drive on the Cobb riverbank to Riverside Drive on the Fulton riverbank, from its current four lanes to six plus bike lanes, wide sidewalks, and a raised road median. Currently Johnson Ferry Road is four lanes on the Fulton side (two southeast of Abernathy), and six lanes on the Cobb side (four north of its own Roswell Road, Georgia 120).
See Jones Bridge.
Heard's Ferry, originally Isom's Ferry, was operated by John Heard (1835-1931).
Isom's Ferry was operated in the 1860s by
James Isom. The ferry went by many names, include Isham's Ferry, Isham's Ford, Phillip's Ford, and Cavalry Ford. John Heard took over Isom's Ferry in 1868 and operated it until 1890 as Heard's Ferry. [http://www.cviog.uga.edu/Projects/gainfo/gahistmarkers/isomsferryhistmarker.htm]
Montgomery Ferry was located on the Chattahoochee near
Fort Peachtree, where the Western & Atlantic Railroadcrosses the Chattahoochee, and was built by Major James McConnell Montgomery. [http://ngeorgia.com/feature/ferriesofcobbcounty.html]
1853it was taken over by Martin DeFoorand became known as DeFoor's Ferry.
John B. Nelson(father of Allison Nelson) operated this ferry where Sandy Creekflowed into the Chattahoochee (now the up-river part of Fulton County Airport).He ran it from 1820until his murder in 1825. [http://www.cviog.uga.edu/Projects/gainfo/gahistmarkers/allisonnelsonhistmarker.htm historical marker]
Pace's Ferrybelonged to Hardy Pace, one of Atlanta's s. Paces Ferry Road connects historic Vinings in the west, on the Chattahoochee Riverin Cobb County, to the western edge of Atlanta's Buckhead area in the east. From this end, West Paces Ferry Road, one of Atlanta's best-known streets, traverses east through some of Atlanta's oldest and wealthiest Buckhead neighborhoods, and serves as the address for the Georgia Governor's Mansion. Continuing east, West Paces Ferry Road becomes East Paces Ferry Road after intersecting Peachtree Roadin Buckhead's entertainment and nightlife district. East Paces Ferry Road runs as far east as Lenox Square mall, after being severed by Georgia 400. Paces MillRoad is a small spur routeoff of Paces Ferry Road connecting Vinings east to Cobb Parkway( U.S. 41). There was also a Battle of Pace's Ferryduring the Atlanta Campaignof the American Civil War.
The Powers Ferry was another
routenorthwest from Atlanta, upstream from Pace's Ferry. It is named after James Powers, a plantationowner who ran the ferry across the Chattahoochee River in the early 19th century.
The exact location of the ferry is now the northeastern-most crossing of
Interstate 285over the river and the county line (and now the Sandy Springscity limit), carrying several lanes in each direction (originally just two each way when opened in 1969). It is flanked on its north side by Interstate NorthParkway (west) / Riveredge Parkway (east), and on its south side by the ferry's namesakeroad, each carrying two lanes (one in each direction).
Powers Ferry Road runs through Cobb and Fulton counties, terminating at both ends at two different streets named Roswell Road (Georgia 120 and
Georgia 9, respectively).
business districtjust east of the crossing is called Powers Ferry Landing, located where Northside Drive crosses the road, just east of the former landing. This provides freeway access at Northside Drive (west ramps) and New Northside Drive (east ramps, road and ramps built in a 1990s reconstruction). Signage on the freeway indicates Powers Ferry Road, Northside Drive, and New Northside Drive.
The Shallow Ford was indeed a shallow ford across the Chattahoochee. It was established by
Jacob Brooksin 1824. Shallowford Road now takes this route.
Vann's Ferry was the first ferry across the Chattahoochee, starting in
1804. It was named for Cherokeeleader James Vann(builder of the Vann House, and crossed the river between Hall and Forsyth counties (both created later on), at a point now under Lake Lanier. There is no longer a road by this name, and the area is now becoming an exurb of metro Atlanta.
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