La Grande, Oregon


La Grande, Oregon

:"La Grande" redirects here. For the Intel technology, see LaGrande."

Infobox Settlement
official_name = La Grande, Oregon
settlement_type = City
nickname =
motto = The Hub of Northeast Oregon


imagesize =
image_caption =


image_



imagesize =
image_caption =


image_




mapsize = 250x200px
map_caption = Location in Oregon


mapsize1 =
map_caption1 =
subdivision_type = Country
subdivision_name = United States
subdivision_type1 = State
subdivision_name1 = Oregon
subdivision_type2 = County
subdivision_name2 = Union
government_type =
leader_title = Mayor
leader_name = Colleen F. Johnson
established_title = Incorporated
established_date = 1865
area_magnitude =
area_total_sq_mi = 4.3
area_total_km2 = 11.3
area_land_sq_mi = 4.3
area_land_km2 = 11.3
area_water_sq_mi = 0
area_water_km2 = 0
area_urban_sq_mi =
area_urban_km2 =
area_metro_sq_mi =
area_metro_km2 =
population_as_of = 2006
population_note =
population_total = 12540
population_metro =
population_urban =
population_density_km2 = 1094.1
population_density_sq_mi = 2833.5
timezone = Pacific
utc_offset = -8
timezone_DST = Pacific
utc_offset_DST = -7
latd = 45 |latm = 19 |lats = 38 |latNS = N
longd = 118 |longm = 5 |longs = 36 |longEW = W
elevation_m = 848.9
elevation_ft = 2785
website = [http://www.ci.la-grande.or.us www.ci.la-grande.or.us]
postal_code_type = ZIP code
postal_code = 97850
area_code = 541
blank_name = FIPS code
blank_info = 41-40350GR|2
blank1_name = GNIS feature ID
blank1_info = 1164107GR|3
footnotes =

La Grande (pronEng|ləˈɡrænd) is a city in Union County, Oregon, United States. Originally named "Brownsville," it was forced to change its name due to that name already being used for a city in Linn County. Its current name comes from an early French settler, Charles Dause, who often used the phrase "La Grande" to describe the area's beauty. The population was 12,327 at the 2000 census. The 2006 estimate is 12,540 residents. [http://www.pdx.edu/media/p/r/PRC_Certified_Cities_2006.pdf PSU:Population Research Center] ] It is the county seat of Union County.GR|6 La Grande lies east of the Blue Mountains and southeast of Pendleton.

History

La Grande was incorporated as a city in 1865, two years after a post office with the same name was established. Much of La Grande's early history was lost with the destruction of a collection of the city's early newspapers, following the editor's death in 1911.Fact|date=February 2007

La Grande's Eastern Oregon University, formerly known as Eastern Oregon State College, began in 1929 as Eastern Oregon Normal School, a teachers college.

Geography

La Grande is located at coor dms|45|19|38|N|118|5|36|W|city (45.327188, -118.093239)GR|1.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 4.3 square miles (11.3 km²), all of it land.

Mount Emily is a recognizable Grande Ronde Valley landmark that towers over the city of La Grande to the north. It often features prominently on logos of local organizations.

Demographics

As of the censusGR|2 of 2000, there were 12,327 people, 5,124 households, and 2,982 families residing in the city. The population density was 2,833.5 people per square mile (1,094.1/km²). There were 5,483 housing units at an average density of 1,260.3/sq mi (486.7/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 92.92% White, 0.68% African American, 0.78% Native American, 1.26% Asian, 0.90% Pacific Islander, 1.40% from other races, and 2.07% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.77% of the population.

There were 5,124 households out of which 28.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 45.1% were married couples living together, 9.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 41.8% were non-families. 32.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.32 and the average family size was 2.93.

In the city the population was spread out with 23.6% under the age of 18, 16.5% from 18 to 24, 23.9% from 25 to 44, 21.4% from 45 to 64, and 14.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34 years. For every 100 females there were 90.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 88.0 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $31,576, and the median income for a family was $40,508. Males had a median income of $32,746 versus $21,930 for females. The per capita income for the city was $16,550. About 8.3% of families and 15.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 10.0% of those under age 18 and 9.0% of those age 65 or over.

Transportation

Highways

*Interstate 84 is the main highway through La Grande. It links La Grande with other nearby cities in the area (Pendleton, Baker City), as well as other regionally-important cities (including Boise, Idaho, Ontario, Umatilla, the Tri-Cities area of Washington, and Spokane).
*U.S. Route 30, serves as La Grande's main street under the name of Adams Avenue.
*Oregon Route 82, which begins in La Grande at its intersection with Adams Avenue. The La Grande area's portion of OR 82 is Island Avenue, commonly known as the Island City Strip because it serves as the main road in La Grande's northern suburb of Island City. OR 82 ends in Wallowa County's town of Joseph, Oregon.
*Oregon Route 237 begins in nearby Island City and is the main route to the nearby town of Cove. It ends in North Powder and joins Interstate 84.
*Oregon Route 203 starts southeast of La Grande, near the intersection of Interstate 84 and U.S. Route 30. It is the main route to the town of Union. It ends a few miles north of Baker City. The Highway travels through Pyles Canyon and is an alternate route to Ladd Canyon, the main way out of the Grande Rhonde Valley to the south.

Air

*La Grande/Union County Airport

Mass media

*"The Observer", [http://www.lagrandeobserver.com/] daily newspaper

References

External links

* [http://www.ci.la-grande.or.us/ La Grande City Web Page]
* [http://bluebook.state.or.us/local/cities/lr/lagrande.htm Oregon Blue Book entry for La Grande]
* [http://www.visitlagrande.com Union County Tourism]
* [http://www.unioncountychamber.org Union County Chamber of Commerce]
* [http://www.LaGrandeRide.com/ Bicycling Information for La Grande]


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