Pendleton, Oregon


Pendleton, Oregon

Infobox Settlement
official_name = Pendleton, Oregon
settlement_type = City
nickname =
motto = The Real West!



imagesize =
image_caption = Main Street in Downtown Pendleton.


image_



image_




mapsize = 250px
map_caption = Location in Oregon


mapsize1 =
map_caption1 =
subdivision_type = Country
subdivision_name = United States
subdivision_type1 = State
subdivision_name1 = Oregon
subdivision_type2 = County
subdivision_name2 = Umatilla
government_type =
leader_title = Mayor
leader_name = Phillip Houk
established_title = Incorporated
established_date = 1880
area_magnitude =
area_total_sq_mi = 10.1
area_total_km2 = 26.0
area_land_sq_mi = 10.1
area_land_km2 = 26.0
area_water_sq_mi = 0
area_water_km2 = 0
area_urban_sq_mi =
area_urban_km2 =
area_metro_sq_mi =
area_metro_km2 =
population_as_of = 2006
population_note =
population_total = 17310
population_metro =
population_urban =
population_density_km2 = 628.3
population_density_sq_mi = 1627.2
timezone = Pacific
utc_offset = -8
timezone_DST = Pacific
utc_offset_DST = -7
latd = 45 |latm = 40 |lats = 13 |latNS = N
longd = 118 |longm = 47 |longs = 53 |longEW = W
elevation_m = 365.8
elevation_ft = 1200
website = [http://www.pendleton.or.us http://www.pendleton.or.us]
postal_code_type = ZIP code
postal_code = 97801
area_code = 541
blank_name = FIPS code
blank_info = 41-57150GR|2
blank1_name = GNIS feature ID
blank1_info = 1125283GR|3
footnotes =

Pendleton (pronEng|ˈpɛnəltɨn) is a city in Umatilla County, Oregon, United States. Pendleton was named in 1868 by the county commissioners for George H. Pendleton, Democratic candidate for Vice-President in the 1864 presidential campaign. The population was 16,354 at the 2000 census. The 2006 estimate is 17,310 residents. [http://www.pdx.edu/media/p/r/PRC_Certified_Cities_2006.pdf PSU:Population Research Center] ] It is the county seat of Umatilla County.GR|6

Pendleton is the larger of the two principal cities of the Pendleton-Hermiston Micropolitan Statistical Area, a micropolitan area that covers Morrow and Umatilla counties [ [http://www.census.gov/population/www/estimates/metro_general/2006/List5.txt MICROPOLITAN STATISTICAL AREAS AND COMPONENTS] , Office of Management and Budget, 2007-05-11. Accessed 2008-07-27.] and had a combined population of 81,544 at the 2000 census.GR|2

History

A commercial center in the locality of Pendleton began as early as 1851, when Dr. William C. McKay established a trading post at the mouth of McKay Creek. A Post Office with the name of Marshall (named for the owner of another local store, and sometime gambler) was established April 21, 1865, and later renamed Pendleton. The city was incorporated in 1880.

By 1900, Pendleton had a population of 4,406 and was the fourth-largest city in Oregon. Like many cities in eastern Oregon, it had a flourishing Chinatown from the 1880s into the 1920s.

Pendleton Woolen Mills, founded in 1893, is known world-wide as a maker of fine Indian trading blankets and men's plaid shirts.

In addition to the woolen mills, Pendleton is also famous for its annual rodeo, the Pendleton Round-Up. First held in 1910, it is part of the Professional Rodeo Cowboys Association (PRCA) sanctioned rodeo circuit. In 1999, the Pendleton Round-Up Association added a two night Professional Bull Riders Classic to the Annual events. This rodeo is most noted for the fact it is the only PRCA even held on a grass field at the Round-Up Stadium in down town Pendleton.

In addition Pendleton had a noted red light district, which as late as 1947 counted 20 brothels in the heart of the city. In 1953, the district closed after a Presbyterian minister threatened to read a list of names of brothel patrons in church. One survivor, however, Stella Darby, continued to operate her establishment until she retired in 1965. The four blocks that were once the red-light district are now the "old town" of Pendleton, and are listed on the National Register of Historic Places.

Pendleton has been a center of Culture and Art in the region for many years. Boasting institutions like the Pendleton Center for the Arts (in the town's old Carnegie Library building) and Crow's Shadow Institute of the Arts on the nearby Umatilla Indian Reservation.

Pendleton is also home of EOCI (Eastern Oregon Correctional Institute). EOCI is the state's only facility where the internationally-recognized "Prison Blues " line of blue denim clothing is manufactured. The garment factory is one of two prison industries programs operating at the facility. The prison's commercial laundry cleans clothing and other items for EOCI and Snake River Correctional Institution, in addition to Pendleton's local high school, the city's fire department, the Pendleton Convention Center, and Krusteaz Flour Mill. Other inmate work opportunities include: food service, clerical, and facility maintenance.

Geography and climate

Pendleton is located at coor dms|45|40|13|N|118|47|53|W|city (45.670308, -118.798118).GR|1 According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 10.1 square miles (26.0 km²), all of it land.

I-84 passes through Pendleton, between Portland to the west and Boise, Idaho to the east. The Umatilla River flows through Pendleton.

Demographics

As of the censusGR|2 of 2000, there were 16,354 people, 5,964 households, and 3,727 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,627.2 people per square mile (628.3/km²). There were 6,352 housing units at an average density of 632.0/sq mi (244.0/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 89.15% White, 1.53% African American, 2.52% Native American, 0.94% Asian, 0.06% Pacific Islander, 3.68% from other races, and 2.12% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 6.00% of the population.

There were 5,964 households out of which 31.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 47.4% were married couples living together, 10.7% had a female householder with no husband present, and 37.5% were non-families. 30.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.39 and the average family size was 2.98.

In the city the population was spread out with 23.5% under the age of 18, 10.9% from 18 to 24, 31.3% from 25 to 44, 21.7% from 45 to 64, and 12.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 114.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 116.8 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $36,800, and the median income for a family was $47,410. Males had a median income of $31,763 versus $23,858 for females. The per capita income for the city was $17,551. About 8.7% of families and 13.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 16.4% of those under age 18 and 8.1% of those age 65 or over.

ports and recreation

Every year since 1964, Pendleton has hosted the Oregon School Activities Association 2A basketball tournament.Fact|date=March 2008 It is held in the Pendleton Convention Center.

The Pendleton Aquatic Center [http://www.pendleton.or.us/pool%20photos.htm] opened in 1996, it's the only aquatic center in the region.

ister cities

Pendleton has two sister cities: [cite web | title = Oregon Sister Relationships | publisher = Oregon Economic & Community Development Department | url = http://www.econ.state.or.us/oregontrade/sistercities.htm | accessdate = 2007-03-15]

*flagicon|Japan Haramachi, Japan
*flagicon|Sweden Växjö, Sweden

Notable residents

*Tracy Baker - Boston Red Sox first baseman
*John Bunnell - Hosted World's Wildest Police Videos
*Dave Cockrum - Comic book artist
*Dave Kingman - Major League Baseball player
*Michael J. Kopetski - Former representative for Oregon's 5th congressional district
*Frances Moore Lappé - Author
*Elaine Miles - Actress who played Marilyn Whirlwind on Northern Exposure
*Roy Schuening - Former offensive guard for the Oregon State Beavers football team, currently with the St. Louis Rams.
*Kenneth Snelson - Sculptor and photographer
*Gordon Smith - U.S. Senator from Oregon
*Milan Smith - Judge on the United States Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit and brother to Gordon

References

External links

* [http://www.pendleton.or.us City of Pendleton]
* [http://bluebook.state.or.us/local/cities/lr/pendleton.htm Oregon Blue Book listing for Pendleton]
* [http://www.pendletonchamber.com Pendleton Chamber of Commerce]


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