Roseburg, Oregon


Roseburg, Oregon

Infobox Settlement
official_name = Roseburg, Oregon
settlement_type = City
nickname =
motto =


imagesize =
image_caption =


image_



imagesize =
image_caption =


image_




mapsize = 250px
map_caption = Location in Oregon


mapsize1 =
map_caption1 =
subdivision_type = Country
subdivision_name = United States
subdivision_type1 = State
subdivision_name1 = Oregon
subdivision_type2 = County
subdivision_name2 = Douglas
government_type =
leader_title = Mayor
leader_name = Larry Rich
established_title = Incorporated
established_date = 1872
area_magnitude =
area_total_sq_mi = 9.4
area_total_km2 = 24.4
area_land_sq_mi = 9.2
area_land_km2 = 23.9
area_water_sq_mi = 0.2
area_water_km2 = 0.5
area_urban_sq_mi =
area_urban_km2 =
area_metro_sq_mi =
area_metro_km2 =
population_as_of = 2006
population_note =
population_total = 21050
population_metro =
population_urban =
population_density_km2 = 838.2
population_density_sq_mi = 2171.1
timezone = Pacific
utc_offset = -8
timezone_DST = Pacific
utc_offset_DST = -7
latd = 43 |latm = 13 |lats = 5 |latNS = N
longd = 123 |longm = 21 |longs = 22 |longEW = W
elevation_m = 161
elevation_ft = 528
website = http://ci.roseburg.or.us
postal_code_type = ZIP code
postal_code = 97470
area_code = 541
blank_name = FIPS code
blank_info = 41-63650GR|2
blank1_name = GNIS feature ID
blank1_info = 1126298GR|3
footnotes =

Roseburg is a city in the U.S. state of Oregon.GR|6 It is the county seat of Douglas County. The population was 20,017 at the 2000 census. The 2006 estimate is 21,050 residents. [http://www.pdx.edu/media/p/r/PRC_Certified_Cities_2006.pdf PSU:Population Research Center] ]

History

The city was named for Aaron Rose, who settled within the current city limits September 23, 1851. Rose, who came from German Jewish ancestry, was born in 1813 in Ulster County, New York. In 1851, he came to Oregon from Coldwater, Michigan, where he had lived since 1837. His house in Roseburg served as a tavern for many years, and was the first roadside inn in the area. Rose died in 1899.cite book
last = McArthur
first = Lewis A.
authorlink = Lewis A. McArthur
coauthors = Lewis L. McArthur
title = Oregon Geographic Names
origyear = 1928
edition = Seventh Edition
year = 2003
publisher = Oregon Historical Society Press
location = Portland, Oregon
id = ISBN 0-87595-277-1
pages =
]

Roseburg was first known as Deer Creek because it was at the confluence of Deer Creek and the South Umpqua River. In 1854, voters chose Roseburg as the county seat over rival town Winchester. Rose donated three acres of land and $1,000 for the building of the courthouse, and the important buildings of Winchester were moved to Roseburg before 1860.

Deer Creek post office was established in 1852, and the name changed to "Roseburgh" in 1857. The spelling was changed to "Roseburg" in 1894.

The Roseburg Blast

On 7 August 1959, at approximately 1:00 a.m., the Gerretsen Building Supply Company [ [http://www.gerretsen.com/ Gerretsen Building Supply] ] caught fire. Firefighters soon arrived at the building, located near Oak and Pine street, to extinguish the fire. Earlier in the evening, a truck driver for the Pacific Powder Company, George Rutherford, had parked his explosives truck in front of the building, a fact which went unnoticed until shortly before the truck exploded, destroying buildings in an eight-block radius and severely damaging 30 more blocks.Binus, Joseph. 2006. " [http://www.ohs.org/education/oregonhistory/historical_records/dspDocument.cfm?doc_ID=B5F03F96-E94E-A4A6-290AB607EF449F4D Roseburg Blast Crater, 1959] ". In [http://www.ohs.org/education/oregonhistory/index.cfm The Oregon History Project] . Retrieved 6 October 2006.]

The truck was loaded with two tons of dynamite and four-and-a-half tons of the blasting agent nitro carbo nitrate. Rutherford had parked the truck after arranging his delivery for the following morning, despite warnings given to the Pacific Powder Company two days earlier not to leave such trucks unattended or park them in "congested areas." Fourteen people died in the blast and fire and 125 were injured. Damage was estimated at ten to twelve million dollars; the Powder company was eventually made to pay $1.2 million in civil damages, but was acquitted of criminal wrongdoing.

Roseburg's downtown was rebuilt, primarily by businesses using money collected from insurance claims. The city built a new bridge over the South Umpqua River on parcels affected by the disaster. Since the incident, it is commonly referred to as the "Roseburg Blast" or simply "The Blast." In 2005, SOPTV produced a documentary examining the Blast and the experiences of those who were involved or witnessed it, entitled "The Roseburg Blast: A Catastrophe and Its Heroes". [http://www.soptv.org/roseburgblast/ The Roseburg Blast: A Catastrophe and Its Heroes] . Retrieved 6 October 2006.]

Geography

Roseburg is located at coor dms|43|13|5|N|123|21|22|W|city (43.217964, -123.356047)GR|1. Roseburg's elevation is approximately 500 feet.

Roseburg is known for its extremely low wind velocity.Fact|date=May 2008 [ [http://www.ci.roseburg.or.us/cityHome/cityProfile.php City Profile Demographics ] ] [ [http://www.city-data.com/city/Roseburg-Oregon.html Roseburg, Oregon (OR) Detailed Profile - relocation, real estate, travel, jobs, hospitals, schools, crime, news, sex offenders ] ]

Roseburg is located near the confluence of the north and south forks of the Umpqua River and the Umpqua National Forest. By car, it is 67 miles (108 kilometers) south on I-5 from Eugene and 123 miles north of the California border.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 9.4 square miles (24.4 km²), of which, 9.2 square miles (23.9 km²) of it is land and 0.2 square miles (0.5 km²) of it (2.02%) is water.

Demographics

As of the censusGR|2 of 2000, there were 20,017 people, 8,237 households, and 5,098 families residing in the city. The population density was 2,171.1 people per square mile (838.2/km²). There were 8,838 housing units at an average density of 958.6/sq mi (370.1/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 93.56% White, 0.30% African American, 1.30% Native American, 0.99% Asian, 0.10% Pacific Islander, 1.26% from other races, and 2.48% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 3.73% of the population.

There were 8,237 households out of which 28.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 46.2% were married couples living together, 11.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 38.1% were non-families. 31.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.32 and the average family size was 2.88.

In the city the population was spread out with 23.2% under the age of 18, 8.9% from 18 to 24, 26.5% from 25 to 44, 22.4% from 45 to 64, and 18.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females there were 93.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.5 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $31,250, and the median income for a family was $40,172. Males had a median income of $32,624 versus $25,707 for females. The per capita income for the city was $17,082. About 11.0% of families and 15.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 18.9% of those under age 18 and 9.2% of those age 65 or over.

Education

Public schools

College

*Umpqua Community College

Climate

Average high temperatures for Roseburg peak in the high 80s (°F) in early August, with December and January lows in the low 30s. During the winter, rainfalls of 5-6 inches per month are not uncommon. [http://www.city-data.com/city/Roseburg-Oregon.html Roseburg, Oregon (OR) Detailed Profile] . Retrieved 6 October 2006] Summers are dry with little or no rain falling for several months. [http://www.worldclimate.com/cgi-bin/data.pl?ref=N43W123+2200+357326C] ]

Transportation

Oregon Route 99 runs through downtown Roseburg as the main north-south arterial. Interstate 5 runs along the west side of the city, across the South Umpqua River from downtown.

Oregon Route 138 runs northwest from Roseburg to Elkton, Oregon, and generally east from Roseburg to its terminus at a junction with U.S. Route 97, just east of Diamond Lake and Crater Lake.

There is a Greyhound bus station with connecting service to Amtrak passenger rail service. The Central Oregon and Pacific Railroad freight railway runs through Roseburg. There are two public airports, Marion E. Carl Memorial Field at the north end of town and George Felt Airport to the west. Roseburg and surrounding communities are served by Umpqua Transit, a local bus service.

Media

*"The News-Review" - daily newspaper
*"The Roseburg Beacon" - weekly newspaper
*"KPIC-TV" - CBS Affiliate, channels 4 and digital 19

Notable residents

*Art Alexakis - Lead singer of Everclear. Lived here with his sister in his youth.
*Mike Allred - comic book artist
*Nasim Ashraf - PCB Chairman and Commissioner of NCHD.
*Josh Bidwell - professional football player
*Marion E. Carl - Marine Corps general and flying ace
*Thomas Gaddis - author of the book, "Birdman of Alcatraz"
*Bobby Henderson - founder of the Church of the Flying Spaghetti Monster
*David Hume Kennerly - presidential photographer for Gerald Ford, Pulitzer Prize winner
*John Kitzhaber - former Oregon governor, 1995-2003
*Joseph Lane - general and early governor of Oregon, his home is now a museum in downtown Roseburg
*Shelley Plimpton - former actress and mother of actress Martha Plimpton
*Troy Polamalu - professional football player
*Barry Serafin - television journalist
*Chris Thompson - swimmer, earned a bronze medal and broke American record in the 1500m freestyle, 2000 Summer Olympics
*Edward Winter - actor, noted for his character, Col. Flagg, on the TV series "M*A*S*H

ister cities

Roseburg has two sister cities: [http://www.econ.state.or.us/oregontrade/sistercities.htm Oregon Sister Relationships] . Retrieved 6 October 2006.]

*flagicon|Japan Shobu, Japan
*flagicon|Spain Aranda de Duero, Spain

ee also

* Roseburg North, Oregon
* Umpqua National Forest

References

External links

* [http://www.ci.roseburg.or.us/ City of Roseburg]
* [http://bluebook.state.or.us/local/cities/lr/roseburg.htm Oregon Blue Book entry for Roseburg]


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