Estacada, Oregon


Estacada, Oregon

Infobox Settlement
official_name = Estacada, Oregon
settlement_type = City
nickname =
motto = Close to Everything...but away from it all


imagesize =
image_caption =


image_



imagesize =
image_caption =


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mapsize = 250px
map_caption = Location in Oregon


mapsize1 =
map_caption1 =
subdivision_type = Country
subdivision_name = United States
subdivision_type1 = State
subdivision_name1 = Oregon
subdivision_type2 = County
subdivision_name2 = Clackamas
government_type =
leader_title = Mayor
leader_name = Robert Austin
established_title = Incorporated
established_date = 1905
area_magnitude =
area_total_sq_mi = 1.1
area_total_km2 = 2.8
area_land_sq_mi = 1.0
area_land_km2 = 2.7
area_water_sq_mi = 0.04
area_water_km2 = 0.1
area_urban_sq_mi =
area_urban_km2 =
area_metro_sq_mi =
area_metro_km2 =
population_as_of = 2007
population_note =
population_total = 2695
population_metro =
population_urban =
population_density_km2 = 871.9
population_density_sq_mi = 2259.6
timezone = Pacific
utc_offset = -8
timezone_DST = Pacific
utc_offset_DST = -7
latd = 45 |latm = 17 |lats = 24 |latNS = N
longd = 122 |longm = 20 |longs = 4 |longEW = W
elevation_m = 129.8
elevation_ft = 426
website = [http://www.cityofestacada.org http://www.cityofestacada.org]
postal_code_type = ZIP code
postal_code = 97023
area_code = 503
blank_name = FIPS code
blank_info = 41-23800GR|2
blank1_name = GNIS feature ID
blank1_info = 1136271GR|3
footnotes =

Estacada (pronEng|ˌɛstəˈkeɪdə) is a city in Clackamas County, Oregon, roughly 30 miles southeast of Portland. The origin of the city's name is disputed. One explanation is that the city's name is a corruption of the name of a local resident, "Esther Katie". There is no evidence that she existed. The more prosaic explanation is that someone with knowledge of the Llano Estacado region of modern-day Texas threw the name in a hat and it won, but somehow the final "o" became an "a". Whatever the truth, it is doubtless the only place in United States (possibly Planet Earth) bearing the name "Estacada," though one may buy a Spanish wine called "Finca La Estacada."

The more notable and historically-based root of Estacada's name goes back to 1903:

:"Estacada is a Spanish word and it means staked out or marked with stakes. It was first suggested by George Kelly as a name for the town site at a meeting of the Oregon Water Power Townsite Company directors on December 27, 1903. Kelly had selected the name at random from a U.S. Map which showed Llano Estacado, in Texas. If Kelly’s suggestion had not been drawn from the hat, the town could have been named Rochester, Lowell or Lynn. The name Estacada is also used in Arizona." (courtesy of www.pdxhistory.com) [http://www.houstonwines.com/Newsletter%20Wines/2006-2/Finca%20La%20Estacada%202003%20Syrah.htm] & [http://www.globalwinespirits.com/wx/en/Product/WINE/30037289/CVGWS/Finca+La+Estacada+La+Estacada+-+Syrah+Merlot.htm] ."

The population was 2,371 at the 2000 census. The 2007 estimate is 2,695 residents. [http://www.pdx.edu/media/p/r/prcCertifiedRelease_07_web_cities.pdf PSU:Population Research Center] ]

Geography

Estacada is located at coor dms|45|17|24|N|122|20|4|W|city (45.290009, -122.334537)GR|1.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 1.1 square miles (2.8 km²), of which, 1.0 square miles (2.7 km²) of it is land and 0.04 square miles (0.1 km²) of it (3.67%) is water. The Clackamas River flows by the town, which drains into the Willamette River, thence the Columbia. There are four dams in the immediate vicinity of Estacada: River Mill Dam, Cazadero Dam, Faraday Dam (a diversionary dam), and North Fork Dam. The original Cazadero Dam was destroyed by a massive flood in 1965 and reconstructed as Faraday Dam.

Demographics

As of the censusGR|2 of 2000, there were 2,371 people, 850 households, and 591 families residing in the city. The population density was 2,259.6 people per square mile (871.9/km²). There were 886 housing units at an average density of 844.4/sq mi (325.8/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 84.86% White, 0.17% African American, 1.43% Native American, 1.77% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 9.91% from other races, and 1.81% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 12.78% of the population.

There were 850 households out of which 39.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 50.9% were married couples living together, 13.1% had a female householder with no husband present, and 30.4% were non-families. 26.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.78 and the average family size was 3.26.

In the city the population was spread out with 29.6% under the age of 18, 10.5% from 18 to 24, 28.5% from 25 to 44, 20.5% from 45 to 64, and 11.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 33 years. For every 100 females there were 93.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 90.9 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $39,200, and the median income for a family was $46,445. Males had a median income of $37,269 versus $22,267 for females. The per capita income for the city was $17,049. About 10.1% of families and 12.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 15.8% of those under age 18 and 5.9% of those age 65 or over.

History and economy

The city was founded in May 1905 as a camp for workers building a hydroelectric dam on the nearby Clackamas River in order to supply Portland with electricity. At the time, the river was relatively inaccessible by road, forcing the Oregon Power Railway Company to build a railway to the vicinity of the river to transport crews to the river for the construction of the dam. After the construction of the Hotel Estacada, the town became a weekend destination on the railroad line for residents of Portland. During the week, the train carried freight and work crews to and from Portland. In the early 20th century, a trolley line connected the town with downtown Portland. The early railroad history of the city is commemorated in a mural in downtown near the town hall. The railway line has been removed; there is no longer rail service to Estacada.

After the building of the dams, the primary economy has been lumber. As this has fallen on hard times, the town has been depressed in recent years. [http://www.estacadalibraryfoundation.org/may82005.htm] In Portland and other metropolitan areas, Estacada's residents are often stereotyped as "hicks" or perceived as uneducated and provincial. [ [http://www.wweek.com/editorial/3132/6390/ Willamette Week | “THE NOSE OF THE ROSE��” | June 15th, 2005 ] ] [ [http://evilqueendenise.blogspot.com/2007/02/new-barbie-collection.html Evil Queen: The New Barbie Collection ] ] In recent years, there has also been somewhat of a meth problem. [ [http://estacadanews.com/opinion/story.php?story_id=115319109667046600 Case still open ] ] [ [http://www.portlandmercury.com/portland/Content?oid=34248&category=34247 Pullout - The Best of Estacada - Estacada: Why Aren't You There Yet? - Portland Mercury ] ] [ [http://www.portlandmercury.com/portland/Content?oid=34249&category=34247 Pullout - The Best of Estacada - Best of Estacada - Portland Mercury ] ] Despite these problems, the scenic beauty of the area continues to be a weekend draw for residents of Portland.Fact|date=March 2007

Education

There are several schools in immediate Estacada area, including Eagle Creek Elementary School, River Mill Elementary, Clackamas River Elementary, Estacada Junior High, and Estacada High School. The high school mascot is the "Ranger."

Media

The city is served by a weekly newspaper:
*"Estacada News" [http://www.estacadanews.com/]

Transportation

Air

*Valley View Airport

Bus

*TriMet

References

External links

* [http://www.cityofestacada.org/ City of Estacada website]
* [http://www.estacadachamber.org/ Estacada/Clackamas River Area Chamber of Commerce]
* [http://pdxhistory.com/html/estacada.html Estacada history page, with many old photos]
* [http://www.esd108.org/ Estacada School District No. 108]
* [http://bluebook.state.or.us/local/cities/ek/estacada.htm Oregon Blue Book entry for Estacada]


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