Lateran council


Lateran council

The Lateran councils were ecclesiastical councils or synods of the Catholic Church held at Rome in the Lateran Palace next to the Lateran Basilica. Ranking as a papal cathedral, this became a much-favored place of assembly for ecclesiastical councils both in antiquity (313, 487) and more especially during the Middle Ages. Among these numerous synods the most prominent are five which the tradition of the Roman Catholic Church has classed as ecumenical councils:

  1. The First Council of the Lateran (1123) followed and confirmed the concordat of Worms.
  2. The Second Council of the Lateran (1139) declared clerical marriages invalid, regulated clerical dress, and punished attacks on clerics by excommunication.
  3. The Third Council of the Lateran (1179) limited papal electees to the cardinals alone, condemned simony, forbade the promotion of anyone to the episcopate before the age of thirty.
  4. The Fourth Council of the Lateran (1215) dealt with transubstantiation, papal primacy and conduct of clergy. It said Jews and Muslims should wear a special dress to enable them to be distinguished from Christians.
  5. The Fifth Council of the Lateran (1512–1517) attempted reform of the Church.

A number of non-ecumenical councils were held at the Lateran, one of the most significant was the Lateran Council of 649 against Monothelitism.[1]

References

  1. ^  "Lateran Councils". Catholic Encyclopedia. New York: Robert Appleton Company. 1913. 

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  • Lateran Council — Rom. Cath. Ch. any of the five ecumenical councils (1123, 1139, 1179, 1215, 1512 17) held in the Lateran Palace. * * * Any of five ecumenical councils of the Roman Catholic church held in the Lateran Palace in Rome. The First Lateran Council… …   Universalium

  • Lateran Council — noun any of five general councils of the Western Catholic Church that were held in the Lateran Palace • Hypernyms: ↑council • Hyponyms: ↑First Lateran Council, ↑Second Lateran Council, ↑Third Lateran Council, ↑Fourth Lateran Council, ↑Fifth Later …   Useful english dictionary

  • Lateran Council — /lætərən ˈkaʊnsəl/ (say latuhruhn kownsuhl) noun any of several general councils of the Roman Catholic Church, held in Rome in 1123, 1139, 1179, 1215 and 1512–17, to define points of doctrine and discipline …   Australian English dictionary

  • Lateran Council, Second — • To efface the last vestiges of the schism, to condemn various errors and reform abuses among clergy and people Innocent, in the month of April, 1139, convoked, at the Lateran, the tenth ecumenical council Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight.… …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Lateran Council, Third — • In September, 1178, the pope in agreement with an article of the Peace of Venice, convoked an ecumenical council at the Lateran for Lent of the following year and, with that object, sent legates to different countries Catholic Encyclopedia.… …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Lateran Council, Fifth — • Convoked, by the Bull of 18 July, 1511, to assemble 19 April, 1512, in the church of St. John Lateran Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006 …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Lateran Council, Fourth — • From the commencement of his reign Innocent III had purposed to assemble an ecumenical council, but only towards the end of his pontificate could he realize this project, by the Bull of 19 April, 1213. The assembly was to take place in November …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Lateran Council, First — • It put a stop to the arbitrary conferring of ecclesiastical benefices by laymen, reestablished freedom of episcopal and abbatial elections, separated spiritual from temporal affairs, and ratified the principle that spiritual authority can… …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Lateran Council, Fifth — (1512 1517)    The last general council of the Western church before the outbreak of the Protestant Reformation. It was summoned to Rome by Pope Julius II in order to eclipse a schismatic council convened at Pisa (also in 1512) by King Louis XII… …   Historical Dictionary of Renaissance

  • Fifth Lateran Council —     Fifth Lateran Council (1512 17)     † Catholic Encyclopedia ► Fifth Lateran Council (1512 17)     When elected pope, Julius II promised under oath that he would soon convoke a general council. Time passed, however, and this promise was not… …   Catholic encyclopedia


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