- Elias Fonsalada
Elias (de) Fonsalada (fl. late 12th/first quarter of the 13th century) [His two "cansos" have been assigned to the last years of
Peter II of Aragonby Manfred Raupach (Jewers, 200 n29).] was a troubadourfrom Bergeracin the Périgord(the Diocese of Périgueuxaccording to his "vida").Egan, 32. His entire "vida", in original Occitan, goes: "N'Elias Fonsalada si fo de Bragairac, del avesquat de Peiregors. Bels hom fo molt de sa persona, e fo fils d'un borges que se fetz joglar; e n'Elias fo joglars atressi. No bon trobaire mas noellaire fo; e saup benestar entre la gen."] Only two "cansos" of his survive.
His "vida" goes further in describing him as a handsome man of the middle class, the son of a burgher and
jongleur, who himself became a jongleur.Jones, 309.] The biographer did not regard him as an accomplished "trobaire" (troubadour/composer/inventor of poetry) but as a "noellaire". This word has been open to interpretation. Boutière and Schutz in there French compilation of the "vidas" of the troubadours translate it as "auteur d'un genre particulier" (author of a particular genre) or "beau parleur" (good conversationalist). Later Levy traced its etymology to "novelador", "auteur de novelles" (author of "novas", novels), and Egan, in her English translation, has taken this up as "storyteller". A "nova" was probably a narrative, as opposed to lyric, work.Jewers, 195.] Thus Elias' "vida" provides a rare glimpse of narrative vernacular writing in Occitan at the height of the troubadour art.
The poem "En Abriu" is assigned to Elias in manuscript "C" (a 14th-century work now known as f.f. 856 in the
Bibliothèque nationale de France, Paris). [Gaunt et al., 324.] This attribution, however, is contradicted by other sources and the poem is usually given to Marcabru.
*Egan, Margarita (ed. and trans.) "The Vidas of the Troubadours". New York: Garland, 1984. ISBN 0 8240 9437 9.
*Gaunt, Simon; Harvey, Ruth; and Paterson, Linda M., edd. "Marcabru: A Critical Edition". Boydell & Brewer, 2000.
*Jewers, Caroline. "The Name of the Ruse and the Round Table: Occitan Romance and the Case for Cultural Resistance." "Neophilologus". Vol. 81, No. 2 (Apr., 1997), pp. 187–200.
*Jones, W. Powell. [http://links.jstor.org/sici?sici=0030-8129%28193106%2946%3A2%3C307%3ATJTOP%3E2.0.CO%3B2-5 "The Jongleur Troubadours of Provence."] "Publication of the Modern Languages Association", Vol. 46, No. 2. (Jun., 1931), pp. 307–311.
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Troubadour — A troubadour (IPA: IPA| [tɾuβaˈðuɾ] , originally IPA| [tɾuβaˈðoɾ] ) was a composer and performer of Occitan lyric poetry during the High Middle Ages (1100 ndash;1350). The troubadour school or tradition began in the eleventh century in Occitania … Wikipedia
Occitan literature — still sometimes called Provençal literature is a body of texts written in Occitan in what is nowadays the South of France. It originated in the poetry of the 11th and 12th century troubadours, and inspired the rise of vernacular literature… … Wikipedia
List of troubadours and trobairitz — This is a geographical list of troubadours and trobairitz. It comprises medieval figures who are known to have written lyric verse in the Occitan language. The troubadours of Galician Portuguese are listed elsewhere. Auvergne*Austorc d Aorlhac… … Wikipedia
Liste de troubadours et trobairitz — Cet article compile des listes de troubadours et trobairitz. Il inclut des figures mediévales célèbres pour avoir écrit des œuvres lyriques en occitan ou en langue galaïco portugaise du nord ouest de la péninsule ibérique (nord de l actuel… … Wikipédia en Français