Common Rue


Common Rue
Common Rue
Common Rue in flower
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Rosids
Order: Sapindales
Family: Rutaceae
Genus: Ruta
Species: R. graveolens
Binomial name
Ruta graveolens
L.

The Common Rue (Ruta graveolens), also known as Herb-of-Grace, is a species of rue grown as a herb. It is native to the Balkan Peninsula, southeastern Europe. It is sometimes grown as an ornamental plant in gardens, especially because of its bluish leaves, and also sometimes for its tolerance of hot and dry soil conditions. It also is cultivated as both a medicinal herb, as a condiment, and to a lesser extent as an insect repellent.

The caterpillars of Papilio machaon butterfly species feed on Rue, among other kinds of plants.

Contents

Uses

Traditional use

Common Rue is said to promote the onset of menstruation and of uteral contractions;[citation needed] for this reason the refined oil of rue was cited by the Roman historian Pliny the Elder and the gynecologist Soranus as a potent abortifacient (inducing abortion). Rue contains pilocarpine which is used in horses to induce abortion.

It is also used in Brazil as the key ingredient in homemade herbal cough syrup, when mashed with caramelized sugar and honey.[1]

Exposure to Common Rue, or herbal preparations derived from it, can cause severe phytophotodermatitis which results in burn-like blisters on the skin.[2][3][4][5]

Effect of the common rue on skin in hot weather

Culinary use

foliage

Rue does have a culinary use if used sparingly, however it is incredibly bitter and severe gastric discomfort may be experienced by some individuals. Although used more extensively in former times, it is not a herb that typically suits modern tastes, and thus its use declined considerably over the course of the 20th century to the extent that it is today largely unknown to the general public and most chefs, and unavailable in grocery stores.[6]

  • Rue leaves and berries are an important part of the cuisine of Ethiopia.
  • It is used as a traditional flavoring in Greece and other Mediterranean countries.
  • In Istria (a region in Croatia), there is a grappa/rakija recipe that calls for a sprig of rue.
  • Seeds can be used for porridge.
  • The bitter leaf can be added to eggs, cheese, fish, or mixed with damson plums and wine to produce a meat sauce.
  • In Italy in Friuli Venezia-Giulia,the young branches of the plant are dipped in a batter, deeply fried in oil, and consumed with salt or sugar. They are also used on their own to aromatise a specific type of omelette.[7]

Other

Rue is also grown as an ornamental plant, both as a low hedge and so the leaves can be used in nosegays. Most cats dislike the smell of it and therefore it can be used as a deterrent to them (see also Plectranthus caninus).

References

  1. ^ "Rachel's Rantings in Rio". http://rachel-oddsandends.blogspot.com/2011/03/recipe-grandmas-homemade-cough-syrup.html?utm_source=feedburner&utm_medium=email&utm_campaign=Feed%3A+RachelsRantingsInRio+%28Rachel%27s+Rantings+in+Rio%29. 
  2. ^ Arias-Santiago, SA; Fernández-Pugnaire, MA; Almazán-Fernández, FM; Serrano-Falcón, C; Serrano-Ortega, S (2009). "Phytophotodermatitis due to Ruta graveolens prescribed for fibromyalgia". Rheumatology (Oxford, England) 48 (11): 1401. doi:10.1093/rheumatology/kep234. PMID 19671699. 
  3. ^ Furniss, D; Adams, T (2007). "Herb of grace: An unusual cause of phytophotodermatitis mimicking burn injury". Journal of burn care & research : official publication of the American Burn Association 28 (5): 767–9. doi:10.1097/BCR.0B013E318148CB82. PMID 17667834. 
  4. ^ Eickhorst, K; Deleo, V; Csaposs, J (2007). "Rue the herb: Ruta graveolens--associated phytophototoxicity". Dermatitis : contact, atopic, occupational, drug : official journal of the American Contact Dermatitis Society, North American Contact Dermatitis Group 18 (1): 52–5. PMID 17303046. 
  5. ^ Wessner, D; Hofmann, H; Ring, J (1999). "Phytophotodermatitis due to Ruta graveolens applied as protection against evil spells". Contact dermatitis 41 (4): 232. PMID 10515113. 
  6. ^ "Rue (Ruta graveolens L.)". http://www.uni-graz.at/~katzer/engl/Ruta_gra.html. 
  7. ^ J Ethnobiol Ethnomedicine. 2007; 3: 22. Published online 2007 May 4. doi: 10.1186/1746-4269-3-22http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1877798/?tool=pmcentrez

External links


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Look at other dictionaries:

  • common rue — žalioji rūta statusas T sritis vardynas apibrėžtis Rūtinių šeimos dekoratyvinis, prieskoninis, vaistinis augalas (Ruta graveolens), paplitęs Viduržemio pajūrio regione. Iš jo gaunamas eterinis aliejus. atitikmenys: lot. Ruta graveolens angl.… …   Lithuanian dictionary (lietuvių žodynas)

  • common rue — žalioji rūta statusas T sritis augalininkystė apibrėžtis Daugiametis, kvapus, melsvai žalias, medingas, vaistinis, prieskoninis rūtinių (Rutaceae) šeimos puskrūmis, tautinis darželių augalas. Žali lapai dedami į paštetus, padažus, mėsos… …   Žemės ūkio augalų selekcijos ir sėklininkystės terminų žodynas

  • Rue des jardins — Rue officinale Rue officinale …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Rue fétide — Rue officinale Rue officinale …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Rue officinale — Rue officinale …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Rue — taxobox name = Rue image caption = Fringed Rue regnum = Plantae unranked divisio = Angiosperms unranked classis = Eudicots unranked ordo = Rosids ordo = Sapindales familia = Rutaceae genus = Ruta subdivision ranks = Species subdivision = Between… …   Wikipedia

  • rue — rue1 ruer, n. /rooh/, v., rued, ruing, n. v.t. 1. to feel sorrow over; repent of; regret bitterly: to rue the loss of opportunities. 2. to wish that (something) had never been done, taken place, etc.: I rue the day he was born. v.i. 3. to feel… …   Universalium

  • rue — žalioji rūta statusas T sritis vardynas apibrėžtis Rūtinių šeimos dekoratyvinis, prieskoninis, vaistinis augalas (Ruta graveolens), paplitęs Viduržemio pajūrio regione. Iš jo gaunamas eterinis aliejus. atitikmenys: lot. Ruta graveolens angl.… …   Lithuanian dictionary (lietuvių žodynas)

  • rue fétide — žalioji rūta statusas T sritis vardynas apibrėžtis Rūtinių šeimos dekoratyvinis, prieskoninis, vaistinis augalas (Ruta graveolens), paplitęs Viduržemio pajūrio regione. Iš jo gaunamas eterinis aliejus. atitikmenys: lot. Ruta graveolens angl.… …   Lithuanian dictionary (lietuvių žodynas)

  • rue officinale — žalioji rūta statusas T sritis vardynas apibrėžtis Rūtinių šeimos dekoratyvinis, prieskoninis, vaistinis augalas (Ruta graveolens), paplitęs Viduržemio pajūrio regione. Iš jo gaunamas eterinis aliejus. atitikmenys: lot. Ruta graveolens angl.… …   Lithuanian dictionary (lietuvių žodynas)


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