Mali Iđoš


Mali Iđoš
Mali Iđoš
Мали Иђош
Kishegyes
—  Village  —
Church of Saint Anne in Mali Iđoš

Coat of arms
Location of the municipality of Mali Iđoš within Serbia
Coordinates: 45°43′N 19°40′E / 45.717°N 19.667°E / 45.717; 19.667
Country Serbia
District North Bačka
Settlements 3
Government
 – Mayor Csóré Róbert
Area[1]
 – Municipality 175 km2 (67.6 sq mi)
Population (2011 census)[2]
 – Town 5,465
 – Municipality 13,494
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 – Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 24321
Area code +381 24
Car plates SU
Map of Mali Iđoš municipality
Ethnic map of the Mali Iđoš municipality

Mali Iđoš (Serbian and Montenegrin Cyrillic: Мали Иђош, Hungarian: Kishegyes) is a village and municipality in the North Bačka District of Vojvodina, Serbia. The municipality comprises three local communities and has a population of 13,476, of whom 7,546 (55.92%) are ethnic Hungarians. Mali Iđoš has a population of 5,464, of which Hungarians form an absolute majority of 88.3% or 5,046 people.

Contents

Name

The first part of the name of the village, "mali" ("little" in English), was given in contrast to the village with similar name (Iđoš), which is situated in northern Banat.

Inhabited places

Mali Iđoš municipality includes the following villages:

Demographics (2002)

The total population of the Mali Iđoš municipality is 13,494. By ethnic structure:

  • 7,546 Hungarians (55.92%)
  • 2,812 Montenegrins (20.84%)
  • 2,357 Serbs (17.47%)
  • 779 other, undeclared and unknown (5.77%)

By language:

  • 7,633 Hungarian (56.57%)
  • 5,553 Serbian (41.15%)
  • 308 other, undeclared and unknown (2.28%)

By religion:

  • 5,404 Catholics (40.05%)
  • 4,730 Eastern Orthodox Christians (35.05%)
  • 2,185 Protestants (16.19%)
  • 30 Muslims (0.22%)
  • 32 other (0.24%)
  • 1 agnostic (0.01%)
  • 1,080 undeclared (8%)
  • 21 atheists (0.16%)
  • 11 unknown (0.08%)

Local communities with a Hungarian majority are Mali Iđoš and Feketić. There is one local community with a Montenegrin majority: Lovćenac.

History

The name of Kishegyes was first mentioned in historical documents in 1476. The village became totally destroyed under Turkish occupation in the 16th century. It was repopulated in 1769 by 81 Roman Catholic Hungarian families from Békésszentandrás. The region is extremely well suited for agriculture and the village increased in wealth and population until the 1980s. In the 1990s the local economy was ruined and young people began to emigrate to Hungary. Today the rate of unemployment is appr. 30 percent, and the Agricultural Cooperative and the Commercial Company went bankrupt. After the end of the civil war in Croatia and Bosnia (1995–96) Serbian refugees arrived to Mali Iđoš (Kishegyes). There are no ethnic tensions between native Hungarians and the Serbian refugees.

Historical population of the village

  • 1961: 6,860
  • 1971: 6,603
  • 1981: 6,271
  • 1991: 5,803

Sights

The oldest building in Mali Iđoš is the baroque Roman Catholic Church of St. Anne (1788) on the Main Street. There is an old Calvary, the obelisk of the Battle of Kishegyes and the ruins of the Pecze Mansion. The natural attractions are the River Krivaja and the imposing loessal walls of the Hills of Telečka.

Famous people

See also

References

  1. ^ "Municipalities of Serbia, 2006". Statistical Office of Serbia. http://webrzs.stat.gov.rs/axd/en/Zip/OG2006webE.zip. Retrieved 2010-11-28. 
  2. ^ "2011 Census of Population, Households and Dwellings in the Republic of Serbia – FIRST RESULTS". Bulletin (Statistical Office of the Republic of Serbia) 540. 2011. ISSN 0354-3641. http://media.popis2011.stat.rs/2011/prvi_rezultati.pdf. Retrieved 2011-11-21. 
  3. ^ Le Noyau : Istvan Dudas (T3) - ROCCM
  • Slobodan Ćurčić, Broj stanovnika Vojvodine, Novi Sad, 1996.

External links

Coordinates: 45°42′25″N 19°39′52″E / 45.70694°N 19.66444°E / 45.70694; 19.66444



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