Antoine Mostaert


Antoine Mostaert

Antoine (Dutch: Antoon) Mostaert (1881-1971)

Brief Biography

Born in Bruges, date|10 August 1881; studied Latin and Greek during his Secondary education. He joined the CICM Missionaries, and was ordained priest. As a seminarian in Belgium he studied Chinese, which he came to know well; he also began to learn Mongolian using Isaac Jacob Schmidt’s Grammatik der mongolischen Sprache (St. Petersburg, 1831) and a Mongolian New Testament. He served as a missionary in the town of Boro Balγasu in the southern Ordos region from 1906-1925. His early work concentrated on the Ordos dialect, with studies of phonology and the compilation of a dictionary. He also translated Catholic works from Chinese into Mongolian. The Monguor language formed another field of study. From 1925-1948 he lived in Beijing, where he devoted himself primarily to scholarship. In 1948 he moved to the United States, where he lived until his retirement to Belgium in 1965. Died in Tienen, date|2 June 1971. His Mongol name was Tiyen Baγsi or Nom-un Baγsi Tiyen, deriving from his Chinese name Tian Qingbo (田清波).

In addition to linguistics he worked on ethnography and folklore. In 1926 he began work on an analysis of the Secret History of the Mongols. Overall, Mostaert seems to have had the most extensive command of Mongol of any twentieth century Western scholar, derived from his decades living among the Ordos Mongols as a pastor. Nicholas Poppe called him “…the most outstanding scholar in the field of Mongolian studies.” [ Cited in Igor de Rachewiltz, “Father Antoine Mostaert’s Contribution to the Study of The Secret History of the Mongols and the Hua-I I-Yü,” in Antoine Mostaert, vol. 1, p. 93.] Mostaert was particularly prolific as a consultant aiding other scholars, both Chinese and Western, and his scholarly impact cannot be judged solely from his formal publications. His main disciple was Henry Serruys, who has worked extensively on the history of Mongol-Ming relations.

The private library and papers of A. Mostaert are kept at the [http://www.kuleuven.be/verbiest/Scheut%20Memorial%20Library.html Scheut Memorial Library] in Leuven, Belgium.

Major works

*Textes oraux ordos, recueillis et publiés avec introduction, notes morphologiques, commentaries et glossaire (Pei’ping, H. Vetch, 1937)
*Dictionannaire ordos (Peking, [Furen?] Catholic University, 1941-4)
*Folklore ordos (Peip’ing, Catholic University, 1947)
*Sur quelques passages de l’Histoire Secrète des Mongols, published separately in HJAS, 1950-2, in one volume, 1953He also worked extensively on the 華夷譯語 Huayi yiyu, which like the Secret History took the form of a Mongol text both transcribed and translated into Chinese. This work was never published by him, but appeared posthumously in 1977 edited by Igor de Rachewiltz as
*Le matériel mongol du Houa i i iu de Houng-ou (1389), Bruxelles, Institut belge des hautes études chinoises 1389.

Sources

*“The Reverend Antoine Mostaert, C.I.C.M.”, Serge Eliséeff, HJAS, v. 19, vii-xiv
*Essays in Antoine Mostaert (1881-1971): C.I.C.M. Missionary and Scholar, ed. Klaus Sagaster, 1999.

References


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Monguor people — ( Monguor / Tu ) Alternative Names: Donghu (Tangut), Xianbei, White Mongols ( Chaghan Monguor ), and Tu Total population 241,198 (2000 Census) …   Wikipedia

  • Monguor — Infobox Ethnic group group=Monguor Tu, Mongour, Chaaghaan mongghol poptime=241,198 (2000 Census) popplace= China: Qinghai, Gansu langs= Monguor rels=Tibetan Buddhism, and some Taoism and shamanism related=MongolsThe Monguor or Tu Zu (Simplified:… …   Wikipedia

  • Ordos dialect — Not to be confused with Urdu language. The Ordos (also Urdus (in southern dialects); Mongolian ᠣᠷᠳᠣᠰ; Chinese 鄂尔多斯 È ěrduōsī) dialect of Mongolian is spoken in the Ordos City region in Inner Mongolia. It is also sometimes classified as a language …   Wikipedia

  • List of Mongolia-related articles — Articles (arranged alphabetically) related to Mongolia include: Individual administrative districts are listed in Sums of Mongolia. 0 91932 armed uprising (Mongolia) 1990 Mongolian democratic revolutionAAchit Nuur Adasaurus Aero Mongolia Ahmad… …   Wikipedia

  • Мостер, Антуан — Антуан Мостер (фр. Antoine Mostaert, нидерл. Antoon Mostaert, монгольское имя Тиен Багши; 10 августа 1881, Брюгге 2 июня 1971, Тирлемон, Бельгия) бельгийский и американский филолог, один из крупнейших монголоведов, священник и миссионер …   Википедия

  • Мостарт, Антуан — Антуан Мостер (фр. Antoine Mostaert, нидерл. Antoon Mostaert, монгольское имя Тиен Багши; 10 августа 1881, Брюгге 2 июня 1971, Тирлемон, Бельгия) бельгийский и американский филолог, один из крупнейших монголоведов, священник и миссионер.… …   Википедия

  • Мостер — Мостер, Антуан Антуан Мостер (фр. Antoine Mostaert, нидерл. Antoon Mostaert, монгольское имя Тиен Багши; 10 августа 1881, Брюгге 2 июня 1971, Тирлемон, Бельгия) бельгийский и американский филолог, один из крупнейших монголоведов, священник и …   Википедия

  • Igor de Rachewiltz — is a prominent Mongolist working in Australia. He was born in Rome in 1929. De Rachewiltz family was of Polish noble roots. His grandmother was a Tatar from Kazan in eastern Russia who claimed lineage from the Golden Horde. In 1947, he read… …   Wikipedia

  • Liste von Mongolisten — Dies ist eine Liste von Mongolisten: Charles Bawden Friedrich Alexander Bischoff Renate Bormann Francis Woodman Cleaves Tsendiin Damdinsüren Joseph Gabet René Grousset Erich Haenisch Louis Hambis Joseph von Hammer Purgstall Shirō Hattori Walther… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • ORDOS — Nom désignant à la fois un peuple mongol et la contrée qu’il occupe depuis la fin du XVe siècle: en gros le Hetao (ou Borotoqai en mongol), soit la région comprise dans la grande boucle que dessine le fleuve Jaune au nord de la grande muraille de …   Encyclopédie Universelle


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.