Louis Jolliet


Louis Jolliet

Louis Jolliet, also known as Louis Joliet with only one "L" (September 21, 1645 – 1700), was a French Canadian explorer. Jolliet is important for his discoveries in North America. Jolliet and missionary Father Jacques Marquette, a Catholic priest, were the first white men to explore and map the Mississippi River. [ [http://www.wisconsinhistory.org/dictionary/index.asp?action=view&term_id=2620&keyword=jolliet Jolliet, Louis 1645 - 1700 ] ]

Early life

Later years

Jolliet married Claire-Francoise Bissot, who was Canadian. In 1680 he was granted the Island of Anticosti, where he erected a fort and had some soldiers. In 1693 he was appointed "Royal Hydrographer", and on April 30, 1697, he was granted the seigneury (fiefdom) of Jolliet, southwest of Quebec City, making him a minor "lord", roughly the colonial equivalent of a hereditary baronet with the title of "Sieur Jolliet" (Sir Jolliet). Louis Jolliet died some time in the month of May, 1700, being lost on a trip to one of his land holdings, he then was never found.

Jolliet was one of the first people of European descent born in North America to be remembered for significant discoveries. Jolliet is a relatively familiar historical figure in both the United States and Canada. Though no authentic period portrait is known to exist Jolliet is often portrayed wearing either typical frontiersman garb consisting of Davy Crockett style buckskins and fur hat or in sharp contrast, ensconced in the European nobleman's accoutrement his personal wealth and prestige would have commanded when living in colonial society.

Legacy

As is the case with Jacques Marquette, Governor General Frontenac and La Salle, Louis Jolliet's legacy is most tangible in the Midwest (US) and Quebec (Canada), mostly through geographical names. Most notable among these include the cities of Joliet, Illinois, Joliet, Montana and Joliette, Quebec which was founded by one of Jolliet's descendants, Barthélemy Joliette. Discrepancies in the spelling of the original name of "Jolliet" reflect interpretations based on pronunciation at times when illiteracy was common. [ [http://www.wisconsinhistory.org/dictionary/index.asp?action=view&term_id=11850&keyword=jolliet Joliet, Louis ] ]

Louis Jolliet died at an unknown location in Canada while on a trip to one of his land holdings. His remains were never found. His descendants live throughout Canada and the United States.

ee also

*French colonization of the Americas
*New France

Notes

External links

* [http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/08496a.htm Jolliet 1645-1700]
* [http://www.biographi.ca/009004-119.01-e.php?&id_nbr=360 Biography at the "Dictionary of Canadian Biography Online"]
* [http://www.anq.gouv.qc.ca/description.htm Joliet's map of New France, 1674]
* [http://www.jolliet-1673-2006.ca/index.php?lang=1 2006 Expedition following Jolliet's journey down the Mississippi]


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