Arenberg


Arenberg
County (Duchy) of Arenberg
Grafschaft (Herzogtum) Arenberg
State of the Holy Roman Empire, then
State of the Confederation of the Rhine

1549–1810
 

 

 
Grand Duchy of Berg

Coat of arms

Capital Aremberg
Government Principality
Historical era Middle Ages
 - County established ca 1177
 - Gained Reichsfreiheit 1549
 - Raised to Princely county 1576
 - Joined Council of Princes 1580
 - Raised to Duchy 1644
 - Joined Confederation
    of the Rhine
 
1806
 - Mediatised to Hanover
    and Prussia
 
1810 1810
Area
 - 1798 413 km2 (159 sq mi)
Population
 - 1798 est. 14,800 
     Density 35.8 /km2  (92.8 /sq mi)

Arenberg, also spelled as Aremberg or Ahremberg, is a historic county, principality and finally duchy located in modern Germany. The Dukes of Arenberg remain a prominent Belgian aristocratic family.

Contents

History

First mentioned in the 12th century, it was named after the village Aremberg in the modern district of Ahrweiler, in the Rhineland-Palatinate.

Aremberg was originally a county. It became a state of the Holy Roman Empire (reichsunmittelbar) in 1549, was raised to a principality in 1576, and finally a duchy in 1645.

The territorial possessions of the dukes of Arenberg varied through the ages. Around 1789 the duchy was located in the Eifel region on the west side of the Rhine, and contained amongst others Aremberg, Schleiden and Kerpen.

However, although the Duchy itself was in Germany, from the 15th century on, the principal lands of the Dukes of Arenberg have been in modern day Belgium.

The pre-Napoleonic duchy had an area of 413 km² and a population of 14,800. It belonged to the Electoral Rhenish Circle, and was bordered by the duchy of Jülich, the Archbishopric of Cologne, the Archbishopric of Trier, and the county of Blankenheim.

After the French occupation of the west bank of the Rhine around 1798 (see Treaty of Campo Formio and Treaty of Lunéville) the duke of Arenberg received new lands: the county of Vest Recklinghausen, the county of Meppen, and the lordship of Dülmen.

Arenberg joined Napoleon's Confederation of the Rhine, although that did not prevent it being mediatised in 1810, with France annexing Dülmen and Meppen, and the duchy of Berg annexing Recklinghausen.

After Napoleon's defeat in 1814 and the dissolution of the Confederation of the Rhine the former Arenberg territories were divided between the kingdom of Prussia and the kingdom of Hanover. Both in Prussia and Hanover, the dukes became local peers subordinate to the king.

In 1826, the Arenberg territory in Hanover was named duchy of Arenberg-Meppen. Arenberg-Meppen had an area of 2,195 km² and a population of 56,700. The county of Recklinghausen, in Prussia, had an area of 780 km² and a population of 64,700.

The dukes of Arenberg remain a prominent Belgian aristocratic family. The direct family of the reigning duke are called by the nominal title of prince of Arenberg. The ducal family descends agnatically from the House of Ligne.

The forest of Arenberg is located in northeastern France, and is famous for its cobbled roads used in the classic road cycle race Paris–Roubaix [1]. Its areas saw extensive mining in the past.

Counts, Princely Counts and Dukes

Counts of Arenberg (1117–1576)

  • Franko (1117–1129)

???

  • Henry I (1136–1187)
  • Eberhard I (1188–1202)
  • Eberhard II (1202–1229) with...
  • Henry II (1220–1250)

???

  • Gerard (1252–1260)
  • John I (1260–1279)
  • Mathilde (1282–1299) with...
  • Eberhard (Count of Marck) (1282–1308)
  • Eberhard I (III) (1308–1387)
  • Eberhard II (1387–1454)

Partition into Arenberg and Rochefort

  • John II (1454–1480)
  • Eberhard III (1480–1496)
  • Eberhard IV (1496–1531)
  • Robert I (1531–1541) with...
  • Robert II (?–1536)
  • Robert III (1541–1544)
  • Margaret (1544–1576) with...
  • John III (1547–1568) and...
  • Charles (1568–1576)

Princely Counts of Arenberg (1576–1645)

Dukes of Arenberg (1645–1810)

Mediatised 1810

Non-reigning dukes of Arenberg (1810–present)

  • Prosper Louis, 7th Duke of Arenberg (1810–1861)
  • Engelbert Auguste, 8th Duke of Arenberg (1861–1875)
  • Engelbert-Marie, 9th Duke of Arenberg (1875–1949)
  • Engelbert-Charles, 10th Duke of Arenberg (1949–1974)
  • Erik Engelbert, 11th Duke of Arenberg (1974–1992)
  • Jean Engelbert, 12th Duke of Arenberg (1992–2011[1])
  • Léopold, 13th Duke of Arenberg (2011-present)

See also

  • Arenberg-Nordkirchen

References

  1. ^ Royal News of 2011, Section II

Sources

External links


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Arenberg — steht für: Palais Arenberg, Wien das Schloss Arenberg (Löwen) in Belgien das Schloss Arenberg (Salzburg) in Österreich Koblenz Arenberg, einen Stadtteil von Koblenz in Rheinland Pfalz das Kloster Arenberg in Koblenz, Rheinland Pfalz das Haus… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Arenberg — Arenberg,   Aremberg, urkundlich erstmals 1032 erwähntes Adelsgeschlecht, benannt nach seiner Stammburg Arenberg (Landkreis Bad Neuenahr Ahrweiler). Nach dem Erlöschen der Hauptlinie im Mannesstamm (um 1280) fiel der Besitz durch Heirat um 1300… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Arenberg — Arenberg, Leopoldo Felipe de Ligne, príncipe de Arenberg, ducado de …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Arenberg — Arenberg, so v.w. Aremberg …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Arenberg [1] — Arenberg (Aremberg), ehemals deutsches Herzogtum im kurrheinischen Kreis, zwischen Jülich und Köln, jetzt zum preußischen Regbez. Koblenz gehörig, umfaßte 413 qkm (7,5 QM.) mit 14,800 Einw. Der Flecken A., im Kreis Adenau, am Fuß des Arembergs,… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Arenberg [2] — Arenberg, 1) Leopold Philipp Karl Joseph, Herzog von A., Aerschot und Croy, Sohn des 19. Aug. 1691 bei Slankamen gefallenen Herzogs Philipp Karl Franz, geb. 1690 in Brüssel, gest. 1754 auf Schloß Héverlé bei Löwen, machte 1706 den Spanischen… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Arenberg — (Aremberg), herzogl. Haus, genannt nach der Burg A. bei dem Dorf A. im preuß. Reg. Bez. Koblenz. – Herzog Ludwig Engelbert von A., geb. 3. Juli 1750, verlor durch die Franz. Revolution seine Besitzungen jenseit des Rheins, erhielt jedoch dafür… …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Arenberg — Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. Arenberg peut désigner La Maison d Arenberg La Fosse Arenberg La Trouée d Arenberg Voir aussi Aremberg Catégorie : Homon …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Arenberg-Meppen GmbH — Rechtsform GmbH Gründung 1928 Sitz Meppen, Niedersachsen, bis 1967 Nordkirchen, Nordrhein Westfalen Leitung Winfried Frölich …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Arenberg Home Apartment — (Брюссель,Бельгия) Категория отеля: Адрес: Rue d Arenberg 34, 1000 Брюссель …   Каталог отелей


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.