—  Municipality  —


Coat of arms
Coordinates: 51°50′N 4°58′E / 51.83°N 4.97°E / 51.83; 4.97Coordinates: 51°50′N 4°58′E / 51.83°N 4.97°E / 51.83; 4.97
Country Netherlands
Province South Holland
 - Total 21.99 km2 (8.5 sq mi)
 - Land 18.96 km2 (7.3 sq mi)
 - Water 3.03 km2 (1.2 sq mi)
Population (1 January, 2007)
 - Total 34,282
 - Density 1,808/km2 (4,682.7/sq mi)
  Source: CBS, Statline.
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 - Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Website www.gorinchem.nl
Dalem Gate

Gorinchem (About this sound pronunciation ), also called Gorkum (pronun. ), is a city and municipality in the western Netherlands, in the province of South Holland. The municipality covers an area of 21.99 km² (8.49 mile²) of which 3.03 km² (1.17 mile²) is water. It had a population of 34,623 in 2004.

The municipality of Gorinchem also includes the population centre of Dalem.



It is assumed that Gorinchem was founded circa the year 1000 by fishermen and farmers on the raised land near the mouth of the river Linge at the Merwede. "Goriks Heem" is first mentioned in a document from 1224 in which Floris IV granted people from Gorinchem exemption of toll payments throughout Holland.

Somewhere between 1247 and 1267, Gorinchem became property of the Lords of Arkel. At the end of the 13th century earthen mounts reinforced with palisades were built around the settlement to protect it from domination by the neighboring counties of Holland and Gelre. Half a century later real city walls were built complete with 7 gates and 23 watchtowers. Otto van Arkel granted it city rights on 11 November 1322.

Jan van Arkel had a dispute with Albert I, brother of Willem V of Holland, leading to war and subsequently to the annexation of Gorinchem to Holland in 1417. This resulted in increased trade and Gorinchem grew to be the eighth city of Holland.

On 9 July 1572, the Watergeuzen (Dutch rebels against Spanish rule) conquered the city and captured 19 catholic priests and monks because they refused to renounce their faith. These priests and monks were brought to Brielle where they were hanged and were from then on known as the Martyrs of Gorkum.

In the 16th century the city walls were so deteriorated that they were replaced with new fortifications and eleven bastions, which still are almost completely intact. The new walls were rounded off in 1609 and were placed farther from the town centre, making the city twice as large. In 1673 Gorinchem became part of the old Dutch Water Line.

The city walls had four city gates: the Arkel Gate in the north, the Dalem Gate in the east, the Water Gate in the south (where the ferry to Woudrichem was), and the Kansel Gate in the west. Of these four gates only the Dalem Gate remains. The others were removed in the 19th century to make way for vehicular traffic. A portion of the Water Gate was preserved in the gardens of the Rijksmuseum in Amsterdam.

Map of Gorinchem of 1869.

In the 18th century, the economy went into decline. After the French domination, the retreating French troops took station in the bastion fortress of Gorinchem. After a three month siege they capitulated but the city was heavily damaged.

During the Industrial Revolution, Gorinchem recovered. Increased shipping led to new canals being dug and a railway connection to the city. Its population quickly rose, filling the innercity and new neighbourhoods had to be built outside the city walls.

At the beginning of the 20th century, expansion took place in the Lingewijk and West neighbourhoods. After World War II, expansion started in the north-western portion of the municipality which was completed in the 1970s. This was followed by developments in the east of the neighbourhoods Wijdschild and Laag Dalem. In 1986, the town Dalem was added to the municipality.


Famous people from Gorinchem


Railway Station: Gorinchem

External links

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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Gorinchem — Bandera …   Wikipedia Español

  • Gorinchem — Héraldique …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Gorinchem —   [ xɔrkəm], Stadt in der Provinz Südholland, Niederlande, im Rhein Maas Delta an der Boven Merwede (Fortsetzung der Waal), die in Gorinchem den Merwedekanal und die Linge aufnimmt, 31 100 Einwohner; Metall , chemische, Nahrungsmittelindustrie.   …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Gorinchem — Gorinchem, Stadt, so v.w. Gorkum …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Gorinchem — (Gorkum, latinisiert Gorcomium), befestigte Stadt in der niederländ. Provinz Südholland, am Einfluß der Linge in die Merwede und an der Linie Elst Dordrecht der Holländischen Eisenbahn, mit Arsenal, Gymnasium, höherer Bürgerschule, treibt… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Gorinchem — (spr. chó ), Gorkum, Stadt und Festung in der niederländ. Prov. Südholland, an der Merwede, (1899) 11.855 E …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Gorinchem — Gemeinde Gorinchem Flagge Wappen Provinz …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Gorinchem — Original name in latin Gorinchem Name in other language Gorkum State code NL Continent/City Europe/Amsterdam longitude 51.83652 latitude 4.97243 altitude 3 Population 34736 Date 2010 06 01 …   Cities with a population over 1000 database

  • Gorinchem — Sp Gòrinchemas Ap Gorinchem L Nyderlandai …   Pasaulio vietovardžiai. Internetinė duomenų bazė

  • Gorinchem — Sp Gòrinchemas Ap Gorinchem L Olandija …   Pasaulio vietovardžiai. Internetinė duomenų bazė

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