- Saint Taurinus
name= Saint Taurinus
Roman Catholic Church
issues= Saint Taurinus of Évreux (d. ca. 410), also known as Saint Taurin, is venerated as a
saintby the Catholic Church. His legend states that he was the first bishop of Évreux. He evangelized the region and died a martyr.
His largely legendary life is known through a manuscript of the 10th century, itself based on a ninth century text. The legendary life was written by a
monknamed Deodatus, who added details according to the standard passiones of the time. The life of Saint Taurinus states that an angelappeared to Taurinus’ mother Eustycia (Eusticie) to announce that her son would have a great destiny. His godfatherwas Pope Clement I, who entrusted Taurinus to Denis the Areopagite(mis-identified with Denis, first bishop of Paris), who in turn was considered one of the first disciples of Saint Paul. Thus, the legend assured that there was an "apostolic succession" from Paul directly to the episcopate of Évreux.
The garbling of dates and traditions thus ensures that it is impossible to date the time of Taurinus’ episcopacy, although scholars usually place it at the beginning of the fourth or in the middle of the fifth century.
His legend further states that Taurinus faced a
demonat Évreux that took three shapes: that of a lion, a bearand a buffalo. These metamorphoses either represented various deadly sins, or represented the official Roman religion(lion), the worship of Diana (bear), and the local agrarian-based religions (the buffalo).
A number of miracles were associated with Taurinus. His legend states that he raised a girl, Euphrasia, from the dead after she died in a fire. After he had done so, there was no trace of burn marks on her. Taurinus’ miracle led to 120 converts. Taurinus is also said to have challenged the demon that resided in the statue of the goddess Diana. Having been vanquished, the demon, a small, dark, and bearded being, left the statue. Taurinus then converted the local pagan temple into a church, dedicating it to the
Virgin Mary. Two priests of the goddess, Cambise and Zara, had attempted to stop Taurinus from entering the temple, but they were immobilized after the bishop made the sign of the cross. They then asked to be converted to Christianity. Taurinus also brought back to life Marinus, the son of the local prefect, who had fallen into a hole and died from the impact. After a short prayer, Taurinus revived the young man. At once, Marinus requested baptism for himself and his entourage, and 1200 other people.
After Taurinus' death,
Maximus of Evreuxwas sent by Pope Damasus Ito continue his predecessor's work.
A monastery dedicated to Taurinus was built around the sixth century; it was restored in the tenth century at the instigation of
Richard I of Normandy. Taurinus' relicswere translated to various places. In 892, Bishop Sebarius (Sébar) transferred some of his relics to Lezoux(Puy-de-Dôme). Some of this Lezoux group of relics was later carried to the Abbey of Cluny. The remaining group was transferred to Gigny(Jura), and there presence there is attested as of the 12th century. Other relics were deposited in the church of Pézybefore being transferred in 1024 to Chartres Cathedral.
In 1035, the abbey of Saint-Taurin was placed under the jurisdiction of the
Abbey of Fécamp, which also claimed the body of Taurinus. The monks of Saint-Taurin claimed that they owned a part of the saint’s relics. In 1247, Gislebert de Saint-Martin, abbot of Saint-Taurin, had a reliquary (see gallery) built to house the remaining relics.
* "La Légende de saint Taurin" - A.M. Baudot - 1929
* "Les Saints du diocèse d'Évreux" - Abbé de Bouclon
* "Histoire du diocèse d'Évreux" - Chanoine Bonnenfant - Paris - 1933
* "Histoire et géographie du département de l'Eure" - Rateau et Pinet - 1870 - Réédition 1988
* "Connaissance de l'Eure" - Juillet 1991 - Numéro 81 - pages 26-27 - Jacques Charles
* "Connaissance de l'Eure" - 1988 - Jacques Charles
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