- Louis Cheikhô
name = Louis Cheikho
birth_date = Feb. 5, 1859
death_date = 1927
Priest, Professor, Theologianand Researcher
Louis Cheikhô, or Sheikho, _ar. لويس شيخو, born Rizqallâh Cheikhô, (b. 1859 d. 1927) was an
Orientalistand Theologian. He is considered as a major contributor and pioneer of the rediscovery of the Arabic Eastern Christianityheritage.
Louis Cheikho was born in
Mardin, Iraqon February 5, 1859 [ [http://www.cedrac.usj.edu.lb/pres/cheikho.htm CEDRAC article] ] . His father was a Chaldean Catholic whose family had been based at Mardin for at least three centuries. His mother was an Armenian named Elizabeth Schamsé, who took him on pilgrimage to the Holy Land aged 9.
In 1868, Cheikhô joined his brother at the
MaroniteJesuit Seminary in Ghazîr, Lebanon. At this date, the seminary was not merely preparing young men for the priesthood, but also acted as a secondary college for young Christian men. Both groups followed a similar syllabus. There, he learned both ancient and modern European and Semitic languages.
In 1874 he took the name Louis and joined the Jesuit seminary at
Lons-le-Saunier, France. After two years he became a priest.
In 1878, he returned to
Lebanonand taught Arabic Literatureat the JesuitSaint Joseph College in Beirutfor 10 years. During this period, Cheikho continued his studies of philosophyat Université Saint-Joseph, Beirut.
In 1888, Cheikho travelled to
Great Britainwhere he continued theologicalstudies for 4 years then spent one year in Austriaand another year in Paris. Those extended European stays allowed him to acquire the academic methodologies that helped him in his later works.
Finally in 1894, he settled in
Beirut, Lebanonwhere he continued his academic career at Université Saint-Joseph.
Louis Cheikho died in
Beirut, Lebanonin 1927.
Cheikho is perhaps the founder of modern publications of unpublished Eastern Christian texts, especially Christian
Arabictexts. He also founded, in 1898, the journal Al-Machriq, and contributed many articles and publications to its pages.
His work was an inspiration for
* "Anciens traités arabes : contenant La politique de Themistius, L'économie domestique de Probus (?), Les récits amusants de Barhebraeus et L'exclusion de la tristesse, attribué à Platon". publiés par Louis Cheikho. Beyrouth : Impr. catholique, 1920-23. 68 p.
* "Vingt traités théologiques d'auteurs arabes chrétiens, IXe-XIIIe siècle, publiés par le P. Louis Cheikho avec le concours des P.P. Louis Malouf et Constantin Bacha." Edition Deuxième édition augmentée. Beyrouth, Imprimerie Catholique, 1920. 148 p. Main text in Arabic, preface in French.
* [http://www.cedrac.usj.edu.lb/pres/cheikho.htm CEDRAC article]
NAME= Louis Cheikho
ALTERNATIVE NAMES= Louis Sheikho, Rizqallah Cheikho
SHORT DESCRIPTION= Orientalist and theologian.
DATE OF BIRTH=Aug. 5, 1859
PLACE OF BIRTH=
DATE OF DEATH=1927
PLACE OF DEATH=
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.