Taxonomy of manufacturing processes


Taxonomy of manufacturing processes

This tree lists various manufacturing processes arranged by similarity of function.

#Casting
##Sand casting
##Plastic mold
##Shell mold
##Investment casting (lost wax, precision)
##Permanent mold
##Centrifugal casting
##Die casting
##Slush or slurry
##Full mold
##Low pressure
##Continuous casting
#Molding
##Powder metallurgy
###Compaction plus sintering
###Hot isostatic pressing
###Metal injection molding
##Plastics (see also rapid-prototyping)
###Injection
###Compression
###Transfer
###Extrusion
###Blow molding
###Dip Molding
###Rotational molding
###Thermoforming
###Laminating
###Expandable bead
###Foam
###Rotomolding
###Vacuum plug assist
###Pressure plug assist
###Matched mold
##Shrink fitting
##Shrink wrapping
#Forming
##End tube forming
###Tube beading
##Forging
###Smith
###Hammer forge
###Drop forge
###Press
###Impact (see also Extrusion)
###Upset
###No draft
###High-energy-rate
###Cored
###Incremental
###Powder
##Rolling (Thick plate and Sheet metal)
###Cold rolling
###Hot rolling
###Sheet Metal
###Shape
###
###Transverse
###Orbital
###Cross-rolling
###Thread
##Extrusion
##Pressing
###Embossing
###Stretch forming
###Blanking (see drawing below)
###Drawing (manufacturing) (pulling sheet metal. wire, bar or tube)
####Bulging
####Necking
####Nosing
####Oil-canning
###Deep drawing (sinks, auto body)
##Bending
###Hemming
##Shearing
###Piercing
####Trimming
####Shaving
####Notching
####Perforating
####Nibbling
####Dinking operation
####Lancing
####Cutoff
###Stamping
####Metal
####Leather
####Progressive
###Coining
###Straight shearing
####Slitting
##Miscellaneous other
###Redrawing
###Ironing
###Flattening
###Swaging
###Spinning
###Peening
###Guerin process
###Wheelon process
###Magnetic pulse
###Explosive forming
###Electroforming
###Staking
###Seaming
###Flanging
###Straightening
#Machining (material removal)
##Mills
###Grist mill
###Hammer mill
###Ball mill
###Buhrstone mill
###Disc mill
###Saw mill
###Steel mill
####Blast furnace
####Smelting
####Refining
####Casting (see #1 above)
####Reduction mill
####Annealing
####Pickling
####Passivate
####Coating
##Milling
###Grind
###Cut
###Shear
###Shred
###Fiberize
###Pulverize
###Crushing
####Jaw crusher
####Gyratory crusher
####Rollers
####Edge runner
###Granulate
###Crack
###Rub
###Curl
###Fluff
###Twist
###Hull
###Blend
###Refine
###Atomize
###Centrifugal disintegration
###Peripheral (slab)
###Face
###Chemical
##Turning
###Lathe
###Facing
###Boring (also Single pass bore finishing)
###Spinning (flow turning)
###Knurling
###Cutoff (parting)
##Drilling
###Ream
###Countersink
###Tapping
##Sawing
###Filing
##Broaching
##Shaping
###Horizontal
###Vertical
###Special purpose
##Planing
###Double housing
###Open-side
###Edge or plate
###Pit-type
###Abrasive jet machining
###Water jet cutting
###Abrasive belt
##Honing (Sharpening)
###Electro-chemical grinding
##Finishing
###Polishing
###Buffing
###Burnishing
###Grit- or shot-blasting
###Tumbling
###Wire brushing
###Superfinishing
###Barrel finishing
###Vibratory finishing
###Spindle finishing
###Electroplating
###Electropolishing
###Plating
###Sand blasting
###Flame etching
##Routing
##Hobbing (hubbing)
##Ultrasonic
##Electrical discharge
##Electron beam
##Electrochemical
##Chemical
##Photochemical
##Laser beam
#Joining (see also Joinery (woodworking))
##Welding
###Arc
####Manual metal
####Shielded metal
####Gas metal
#####Pulsed
#####Short circuit
#####Electrogas
#####Spray transfer
####Gas tungsten
####Flux-cored
####Submerged
####Plasma arc
####Carbon arc
####Stud
####Electroslag
####Atomic hydrogen
####Plasma-MIG (metal inert gas)
####Impregnated tape
###Oxyfuel gas
####Oxy-acetylene gas
####Methylacetylene propadiene (MAPP)
####Air-acetylene
####Oxyhydrogen
####Pressure gas
#####CO2
###Resistance
####Spot welding
####Shot welding
###Projection
###Seam
###Flash butt (flash)
###Upset (butt)
###Percussion (manufacturing)
###Solid state
####Ultrasonic
####Explosive
####Diffusion
#####Hot press
#####Isostatic hot gas
#####Vacuum furnace
####Friction welding
####Inertia
####Forge
####Cold
####Roll
###Electron beam welding
###Laser welding
###Pencil
####How Pencil made
####Solid state
####Axial-flow gas
####Cross-flow gas
###Thermite
###Induction
####Low frequency (50-450 Hz)
####High frequency (induction resistance; 200-450 kHz)
###Other types of welding
####Friction welding
####Heated metal plate
####Solvent
####Dielectric
####Magnetics
####Ultrasonic
####Radio frequency welding
####High frequency resistance
####Electromagnetic
####Flow
####Resistance
####Infrared
####Vacuum
####Hot-air-welding
##Brazing
###Torch
###Induction
###Furnace
###Dip
##Soldering
###Iron
###Hot plate
###Oven
###Induction
###Dip
###Wave
###Ultrasonic
##Sintering
##Adhesive bonding (incomplete)
###Thermo-setting and thermoplastic
###Epoxy
###Modified epoxy
###Phenolics
###Polyurethane
###Adhesive alloys
###Miscellaneous other powders, liquids, solids, and tapes
##Fastening wood and metal
###Nailing
###Screwing
### (By material fastened)
####Machine (Metal)
####Wood Screws
### (By slot type)
####Phillips (“Plus sign” in Canada)
####Straight (“Minus sign in Canada)
### (By shape)
####Round head
####Flat head
####Box head
####Hex
####Lag
### Nuts and bolting
###Riveting
###Pining
####Cotter
####Groove
####Tapered
####Roll
####Retaining rings
####Quick-release
##Stitching
##Stapling
##Press fitting
#Rapid manufacturing
##Stereolithography
##Selective laser sintering
##Fused deposition modeling
##Three dimensional printing
##Laminated object manufacturing
##Laser Engineered Net Shaping

Other trades

#Mining
##quarrying
##Blasting
#Woodworking
##Joinery (see also joining above)
###Lapping
###Morticing
###Routing (see above)
###Biscuit (woodworking)


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