Samuel Abraham Goudsmit


Samuel Abraham Goudsmit

Infobox Scientist
name = Samuel Abraham Goudsmit
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caption = George Uhlenbeck, Hendrik Kramers, and Samuel Goudsmit around 1928 in Ann Arbor. Uhlenbeck and Goudsmit proposed the idea of electron spins three years earlier when they were studying in Leiden with Paul Ehrenfest.
birth_date = July 11, 1902
birth_place = Den Haag, The Netherlands
death_date = December 4, 1978
death_place = Reno, Nevada
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nationality = Dutch-American
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field = physics
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known_for = electron spin
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Samuel Abraham Goudsmit (born July 11, 1902 Den Haag, The Netherlands, died December 4, 1978 in Reno, Nevada) was a Dutch-American physicist famous for jointly proposing the concept of electron spin with George Eugene Uhlenbeck. He studied physics at the University of Leiden under Paul Ehrenfest, where he obtained his PhD in 1927. After receiving his PhD, Goudsmit served as a Professor at the University of Michigan between 1927 and 1946. In 1930 he co-authored a text with Linus Pauling titled "The Structure of Line Spectra."

He was also the scientific head of the Alsos mission of the Manhattan Project, which was designed to assess the progress of the Nazi atomic bomb project. In the book "Alsos" published in 1947, Goudsmit concluded that the Germans did not get close to creating a weapon, which he attributed to the inability of science to function under a totalitarian state (the development of atomic weapons by at least two other totalitarian states has been seen to go against this conclusion, although it needs to be said that later atomic weapons were developed with the knowledge of their possibility, and also sometimes with stolen technology). His other conclusion, that the German scientists simply did not understand how to make an atomic bomb, has been disputed by later historians (see Heisenberg), but his assessment of the lack of progress in the German program — if not his conclusions as to "why" it was that way — has generally held up over time. After the war he was briefly a professor at Northwestern University and from 1948-1970 was a senior scientist at the Brookhaven National Laboratory, chairing the Physics Department 1952-1960. He meanwhile became well known as the Editor-in-chief of the leading physics journal Physical Review, published by the American Physical Society. On his retirement as editor in 1974, Goudsmit moved to the faculty of the University of Nevada in Reno.

He also made some scholarly contributions to egyptology published in Expedition, Summer 1972, pp. 13-16 ; American Journal of Archaeology 78, 1974 p. 78; and Journal of Near Eastern Studies 40, 1981 pp.43-46. The Samuel A. Goudsmit Collection of Egyptian Antiquities resides at the Kelsey Museum of Archaeology, The University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI. Fact|date=April 2007.

External links

* [http://www.lorentz.leidenuniv.nl/history/spin/goudsmit.html Goudsmit on the discovery of electron spin]
* [http://osulibrary.oregonstate.edu/specialcollections/coll/pauling/bond/people/goudsmit.html A collection] of digitized materials related to Goudsmit's and Linus Pauling's structural chemistry research.


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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Samuel Abraham Goudsmit — Samuel Abraham Goudschmidt (* 11. Juli 1902 in Den Haag, Niederlande; † 4. Dezember 1978 in Reno, Nevada, USA) war ein US amerikanischer Physiker niederländischer Herkunft. In den USA wurde der Nachname später in Samuel Goudsmit geändert. Neben… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Goudsmit, Samuel Abraham — Goudsmit , Samuel Abraham …   Scientists

  • Goudsmit , Samuel Abraham — (1902–1978) Dutch–American physicist Born in The Hague in the Netherlands, Goudsmit was educated at the universities of Amsterdam and Leiden, where he obtained his PhD in 1927. He emigrated to America shortly afterward, serving as professor of… …   Scientists

  • Goudsmit, Samuel Abraham — ▪ American physicist born July 11, 1902, The Hague died Dec. 4, 1978, Reno, Nev., U.S.       Dutch born U.S. physicist who, with George E. Uhlenbeck (Uhlenbeck, George Eugene) (q.v.), a fellow graduate student at the University of Leiden, Neth.,… …   Universalium

  • Goudsmit — ist der Familienname der folgenden Personen: Anton Goudsmit, (* 1967), niederländischer Jazzmusiker Samuel Abraham Goudsmit (1902–1978) amerikanischer Physiker Diese Seite ist eine Begriffsklärung zur Unterscheidung mehre …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Samuel Goudsmit — De gauche à droite : George Uhlenbeck, Anthony Kramers, Samuel Goudsmit Samuel Abraham Goudsmit , né le 11 juillet 1902 à La Haye, Pays Bas, mort 4 décembre 1978 à Reno, Nevada, est un phys …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Goudsmit —   [ xɔu̯tsmɪt], Samuel Abraham, amerikanischer Physiker niederländischer Herkunft, * Den Haag 11. 7. 1902, ✝ Reno (Nevada) 4. 12. 1978; war 1932 46 Professor in Ann Arbor (Michigan) und 1948 70 am Brookhaven National Laboratory in Upton (N. Y.);… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Goudsmit — Samuel Abraham …   Scientists

  • Abraham Esau — Robert Abraham Esau (June 7, 1884 ndash; May 12, 1955) was a German physicist.After receipt of his doctorate from the University of Berlin, Esau worked at Telefunken, where he pioneered very high frequency (VHF) waves used in radar, radio, and… …   Wikipedia

  • Γκούντσμιτ, Σάμουελ Άμπρααμ — (Samuel Abraham Goudsmit, Χάγη 1902 – Νεβάδα 1978).Αμερικανός φυσικός, ολλανδικής καταγωγής. Σπούδασε στο πανεπιστήμιο του Λέιντεν και έλαβε το διδακτορικό του δίπλωμα το 1927. Τον ίδιο χρόνο πήγε στις ΗΠΑ, όπου έγινε καθηγητής στο πανεπιστήμιο… …   Dictionary of Greek


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