- Penny arcade
A penny arcade can be any type of venue for
coin-operateddevices, usually for entertainment. This included early forms of pinballand fortune-tellingmachinery of the 1930s and Slot machines. Vending machines may also be considered in this category. The name derives from the penny, once a staple coin for such machines.
The earliest penny arcades from the nineteenth century had machines called
bagatelles, a game combining pinball and billiards. Later, penny arcade machines grew closer to modern pinball. Penny arcades were once common at amusement parks and fairs but by the 1950s, such coin-operated amusements were generally replaced in midways by more modern games of chance and skill ( redemption games such as shooting galleries and skee ball).
Another form of machine found in penny arcades were
peep showmachines (ancient usage of the term) which allowed the viewer to see various views of objects and later moving pictures. Slot machines, love testers, fortune teller machinesand other coin-operated devices were found in such venues.
Penny arcades later led to the creation of
video arcades in the 1970s.
* Namerow, Wayne. " [http://www.pinballhistory.com/ The Pennyarcade Website] ". Retrieved
February 6, 2004.
* [http://www.annatar.freeserve.co.uk/antique_amusements/index.html A Collection of Antique Amusement Machines]
* [http://www.gameroomshow.com/penny_arcade.php Gameroom Show] , Penny arcade related website
*http://www.underthepier.com/15_history_intro.htm Illustrations of various machines
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