:"For the Byzantine officer, see also
Eutropius (Byzantine official)(396-397). For the Saint, see Saint Eutropius."
Not much is known about the early life of Eutropius because there are no written text that document his life. Simply
Eutropius, should not be confused for Eutropius of Valenciaor Saint Eutropius. He was known for being the historian for the emperor of Valensbetween 364-378AD, when he wrote “"Breviariun ab Urbe condita"” which translated to the History of Rome. The original text was latin, then translated to Greek in 380AD by Paeanius. He served in the senior post of Secretary of State for General Petitions, under the Emperor Valens. There is not any works that describe Eutropiusother than how he was seen through the eyes of others, which describe him briefly as a half-man. This meant that at some point in his life he had his testes removed, which meant he was a eunuch, we assume this explained his feminine traits that described him. Eutropiusis known for being along side Emperor Valenson his successful expeditions to Britian and Gaul between 364-378AD. He was officially named a “magister memoriae” while under Valens.
Eutropiuswas a polytheist historian for Emperor Julian in the late 4th century, for the expedition against Persia in 363AD, this is the only total incontestable evidence of Eutropius’ life and career. He held office of secretary at Constantinpole which is named after the Roman Emperor Constantine I, which during the Middle Ages was the biggest and most beautiful city in Europe. Julian or Julian the Apostatawas known for being a non religious leader that wanted to drive out religion to create a non bias empire. During 362AD he prompted a law that all religions were equal before law. During the expedition against the Sassanid Empire Julian was wounded after he charged into battle without wearing and armor. He died from a spear wound to the liver. After his fatality Jovianwas named emperor after Julians death. While Jovianmade peace with the Persians and headed back to Constantinpole where shortly before he suffered shortening of breath and later died. Then Valentianneeding help patch up a broken Rome, hired Valens as co-emperor, which divided the empire from east to west. Eutropiusnow a historian for the Emperor Valensdedicates his writings, “"Breviariun ab Urbe condita"” to him in the later 4th century.
The downfall of
Eutropiuswas that he had opposition that was left behind from the confussion of the death of Juilan. Procopiuswas a major influence in the eventual execution of Eutropius, as he was the leader of the army when Julian was killed; he was not present when the new ruler was named, this lead to tension between Valens, Eutropiusmentor and Procopius. There was much controversy in Rome at the time, because religion was becoming open since the rule of Julian. As an Arianruler Valensput down Procopius’ revolt at the beginning of his reign as Roman ruler, and introduced Catholic as the official faith of Rome. He later went to war against the Goths who supported Procopius’ revolt. Gainaswas a Goth leader that served in eastern Rome, and it was his influence that would cause Eutropiusto loose his power in the Secretart of State. It is not exactly clear why he was exiled to Cyprus, but the recording of his death is unknown in historical text.
Eutropiuswrote a ten-book summary of Roman history entitled "Historiæ romanæ breviarium" between the years of 350 and 370AD. This is the only known writing by Eutropius
The importance of ancient text is known to be quite valuable, although
Eutropiustext is known to be quite simple in Latin, it was often used as a childrens book. It was extremely important to know the development of Rome from beginning to end. Eutropiusrecorded the important conflict between non-catholic views and pagean beliefs. Being a neunuch in a strong catholic empire Eutropiuswas like a superintendent of records under the rule of Valens. Eutropiusdoes make some errors in his writings that are only concluded from other sources that acknowledge the proper dates and times. The only factual evidence is known through his text that explained the history of Rome which was “"Breviariun ab Urbe condita"” that explained his life and career briefly. It might be said that Eutropiuswritings later sought to influence Ammianus, Jeromeand even Augustine. This is extremely important because these authors contributed major text that we use to piece together history in the 4th century and onward. Some of Eutropius’ text and pieces of his book are highly uncertain because some historians that wrote at the same period have controversial dates and writings that conflict with Eutropius. Emperor Valenshired another “magister memoriae”, but it is uncertain as to why he would have to historians writing at the same period of time. Some opinions think that another historian was hired because the initial writing of Eutropiuswas too long, and needed to be shortened.
Eutropius. "The Breviarium ab urbe condita" of Eutropius, The Right Honourable Secretary of State for General Petitions, Dedicated to Lord Valens, Gothicus Maximus and Perpetual Emperor. Trans. H. W. Bird. (1993)
"History of the later Roman Empire", by J.B. Bury (DG 311 B98. v.2 c.2), Dover Publications Inc. New York
• The Fall of Eutropius, by Michael Dewar. • Sources: The Classical Quarterly Vol. 40 No.2 pp. 582-584• JSTOR
• Eutropius, by William Barr.• Sources: The Classical Review Vol. 48 No.1 pp. 37-38• JSTOR
• Review of Eutropius, by Roger Rees• Sources: The Classical Review Vol. 48 No.1 pp. 65-67• JSTOR
• Eutropius V. C. "Magister Memoriae?", by R.W. Burgess• Sources: Classical Philiology Vol. 96 No. 1 pp. 76-81• JSTOR
• Eutropius Breviarium ab Urbe Condita, by Th. Mommsen• Sources: Hermes Vol. 1 No. 4 pp.468• JSTOR
• Eutropius, by Peter K. Marshall• Sources: The Classical Review Vol. 51 No. 2 pp. 271-272• JSTOR
*Eutropius, " [http://www.forumromanum.org/literature/eutropius/index.html Abridgement of Roman History] ", John Selby Watson (translator), (1853) (from [http://www.forumromanum.org Forum Romanum] ; both Latin text and English translation)
*Eutropius, " [http://www.tertullian.org/fathers/eutropius_breviarium_2_text.htm Abridgement of Roman History] ", John Selby Watson (translator), (1886) (from [http://www.tertullian.org The Tertullian Project] ; only English translation)
*Eutropius, " [http://www.thelatinlibrary.com/eutropius.html Eutropii Breviarium] " (from
The Latin Library; only Latin text)
*Eutropius, " [http://mdz1.bib-bvb.de/~db/bsb00000787/images/index.html?seite=1 Eutropi Breviarium ab urbe condita cum versionibus graecis et Pauli Landolfique additamentis] ", Ed. Droysen, Hans. (from [http://www.dmgh.de/ Monumenta Germaniae Historica Digital] ; Image files include the preface, Greek and Latin text, critical apparatus, appendices and indices
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Look at other dictionaries:
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