Organization of Central Asian Cooperation


Organization of Central Asian Cooperation

The Organization of Central Asian Cooperation (OCAC) (sometimes named Central Asian Cooperation Organization, CACO, Russian: Центрально-Азиатское сотрудничество, "Tsentralno-Aziatskoye sotrudnichestvo", ЦАС) is an international organization, composed of Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Uzbekistan and Russia. Georgia, Turkey and Ukraine have observer status.

History

Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan formed the OCAC in 1991 as Central Asian Commonwealth (CAC). In 1994 Turkmenistan withdrew from the organization. Tajikistan suspended its membership from 1994 till 1998. The organization continued in 1994 under the name of Central Asian Economic Union (CAEU). In 1998 it was renamed Central Asian Economic Cooperation (CAEC). On February 28, 2002 it was renamed yet again to its current name. Russia joined on May 28, 2004. On October 7, 2005 it was decided between the member states that Uzbekistan will join the Eurasian Economic Community and that the organizations will merge.

Members

*Current members:
**flagcountry|Kazakhstan (1991)
**flagcountry|Kyrgyzstan 1991)
**flagcountry|Tajikistan (1991; self-suspended 1994-1998)
**flagcountry|Uzbekistan (1991)
**flagcountry|Russia (2004)
* Observers:
**flagcountry|Georgia
**flagcountry|Turkey
**flagcountry|Ukraine
* Former members:
**flagcountry|Turkmenistan (1991; withdrawn 1994)

Goal

The OCAC's objective is to enhance "the development of the economic integration in the region, the perfection of the forms and mechanisms of expansion of the political, social, scientific-technical, cultural and educational relations."

ee also

*Eurasian Economic Community (EURASEC)
*Regional organisations in the Post-Soviet space

ources

* [http://ecetrade.typepad.com/Central%20Asian%20Cooperation%20Organization%20basic%20info.doc]
* [http://centralasia.foreignpolicyblogs.com/collective-security-organization-timeline/]


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