Familia


Familia

Familia ("The Family", from the Romain "familia") was the name of a Polish political party led by the Czartoryski magnates and families allied with them, and formed toward the end of the reign of King August II (reigned 1697–1706, 1709–1733). The Familia's principal leaders were Michal Fryderyk Czartoryski, Great Chancellor of Lithuania, his brother August Aleksander Czartoryski, voivode of Ruthenia (Rus), and their brother-in-law (from 1720), Stanisław Poniatowski, Castellan of Kraków.

During the 1733 interregnum, the Familia supported Stanisław Leszczyński for king, then reconciled with August III (reigned 1733–1763) and became a party of the royal court. Following unsuccessful attempts at reforming the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth undertaken at sejms between 1744 and 1750, the Familia distanced itself from the royal court. In foreign affairs, they represented a pro-Russian orientation.

During the 1763–1764 interregnum, armed Russian intervention allowed the Familia to overcome their opponents. When in 1764 Adam Kazimierz Czartoryski declined to seek the throne, the Czartoryskis agreed to the election, as king, of their kinsman, Stanisław August Poniatowski, one-time lover of Russian Empress Catherine II (the Great). In this period the Familia partially enacted their program of reforms, including the creation of treasury and military commissions limiting the power of treasurers and hetmans. Also, the liberum veto was suspended. Further reforms, however, were blocked by Russia and Prussia; and conservative opponents of the Familia and the King, backed by Russia's Catherine II, in 1767 formed the Radom Confederation and at the infamous Repnin Sejm abolished part of the recently introduced reforms.

After the First Partition of Poland (February 17, 1772), the Familia became the core of magnate opposition to the King and the Permanent Council, while seeking support in Austria, only to shift in 1788 to a pro-Prussian stance. At the Four-Year Sejm (1788–1792), it was only in 1790 that Familia representatives, including Ignacy Potocki, effected a rapprochement with the King and his party, and together with him and the Patriotic Party worked for enactment of the May 3rd Constitution adopted in 1791.


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  • familia — sustantivo femenino 1. Área: derecho Grupo de personas formado por una pareja y sus hijos: Ésta es mi familia: mi marido, mi hija y mi hijo. familia numerosa Familia que tiene tres o más hijos menores de edad, o mayores incapacitados para el… …   Diccionario Salamanca de la Lengua Española

  • familia — (Del lat. familĭa). 1. f. Grupo de personas emparentadas entre sí que viven juntas. 2. Conjunto de ascendientes, descendientes, colaterales y afines de un linaje. 3. Hijos o descendencia. 4. Conjunto de personas que tienen alguna condición,… …   Diccionario de la lengua española

  • familia — grupo de personas relacionadas por la herencia, como padres, hijos y sus descendientes CIE 10 [véase http://www.iqb.es/patologia/familia.htm] Diccionario ilustrado de Términos Médicos.. Alvaro Galiano. 2010. familia 1 …   Diccionario médico

  • FAMILIA — teste Festo, antea in ingenuis hominibus dicebatur, quorum dux et princeps generis vocabatur Paeter et Mater familiae, postea hoc nomine etiam famuli appellari coepêrunt. Sen. l. 6. Ep. 67. Ne illud quidem videtis, quam omnem invidiam Maiores… …   Hofmann J. Lexicon universale

  • família — s. f. 1. Conjunto de todos os parentes de uma pessoa, e, principalmente, dos que moram com ela. 2. Conjunto formado pelos pais e pelos filhos. 3. Conjunto formado por duas pessoas ligadas pelo casamento e pelos seus eventuais descendentes.… …   Dicionário da Língua Portuguesa

  • Familia — steht für: eine Hausgemeinschaft im antiken Rom und der lateinische Begriff für Familie eine hierarchische Ebene der biologischen Systematik, siehe Familie (Biologie) ein Modell des Automobilherstellers Mazda, siehe Mazda Familia ARO Familia,… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • familia — {{/stl 13}}{{stl 8}}rz. ż IIb, lm D. familialii {{/stl 8}}{{stl 7}} żartobliwie o rodzinie, osobach spokrewnionych : {{/stl 7}}{{stl 10}}Czyjaś familia. Głowa familii. Należeć do familii. <łac.> {{/stl 10}} …   Langenscheidt Polski wyjaśnień

  • Familĭa — (lat.), 1) (röm. Ant.), im Allgemeinen Alles, was einer Person gehört u. worüber dieselbe ein Recht hat, also sowohl Sachen, als Menschen; daher 2) die unter einem Hausvater (Pater familias) stehenden Personen, wie Frau, Kinder, Sklaven; dann… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • familia — index family (household), household Burton s Legal Thesaurus. William C. Burton. 2006 …   Law dictionary

  • Familia — Para otros usos de este término, véase Familia (desambiguación). Escultura de Henry Moore con el título Familia. Barclay School, Stevenage, Hertfordshire, Gran Bretaña. La familia, según la Declaración Universal de los Derechos Humanos, es el… …   Wikipedia Español


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