- Feast of Christ the King
:"This article describes the "Feast of Christ the King". For the title of Christ, see "
Christ the King"."
The Feast of
Christthe King (properly the Solemnityof Christ the King in the Roman Catholic Church) is a last holy Sunday in the western liturgical calendar, celebrated by the Roman Catholic Churchand by many Protestants.
Origin and History in the Roman Catholic Church
11 December 1925, towards the end of that Holy Year, Pope Pius XIinstituted this liturgical celebration as a feast ranked as a Double of the First Class [See General Roman Calendar as in 1954] with his encyclical" Quas Primas". [ [http://www.vatican.va/holy_father/pius_xi/encyclicals/documents/hf_p-xi_enc_11121925_quas-primas_en.html English translation of the encyclical "Quas Primas"] ]
The title of the feast was "D. N. Jesu Christi Regis" (Our Lord Jesus Christ the King), and the date was "the last Sunday of the month of October - the Sunday, that is, which immediately precedes the Feast of
All Saints". [Encyclical "Quas Primas", 28]
Pope John XXIII's 1960 revision of the Calendar, the date and title remained the same and, in the new simpler ranking of feasts, it was classified as a feast of the first class.
Pope Paul VIgave the celebration a new title: "D. N. Iesu Christi universorum Regis" (Our Lord Jesus Christ King of All). He also gave it a new date: the last Sunday in the liturgical year, before a new year begins with the First Sunday in Advent, the earliest date for which is 27 November. Through this choice of date "the eschatological importance of this Sunday is made clearer". ["Calendarium Romanum" (Libreria Editrice Vaticana, 1969), p. 63] He assigned to it the highest rank, that of "Solemnity". [ [http://www.vatican.va/holy_father/paul_vi/motu_proprio/documents/hf_p-vi_motu-proprio_19690214_mysterii-paschalis_en.html motu proprio "Mysterii Paschalis"] ]
As happens with all Sundays whose liturgies are replaced by those of important feasts, [Examples are Pentecost and
Trinity Sunday. Indeed before the reform of Pope Pius Xmost Sundays gave way to any feast that had the rank of Double, and these were the majority ( [http://books.google.com/books?vid=LCCN33036844&id=E7sPAAAAIAAJ&pg=PP34&lpg=PP34&dq=missale+romanum&as_brr=1#PPP3,M1 Missale Romanum, published by Pustet, 1862] )] the prayers of the Sunday on which the celebration of Christ the King falls are used on the ferias (weekdays) of the following week. The Sunday liturgy is thus not totally omitted.
Observance in other Churches
Those churches also that use the
Revised Common Lectionaryobserve Christ the King Sunday (titled Reign of Christ Sunday by some) as the last Sunday of the liturgical year, in agreement with the 1969 Roman Catholic date revision. These churches include most major Anglicanand mainline Protestantgroups, including the Church of Englandand the Episcopal Church, the Evangelical Lutheran Church in Americaand other Lutheran bodies, the United Methodist Churchand other Methodist bodies, the Presbyterian Church (U.S.A.), the United Church of Christ, and the Moravian Church.
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Christ the King (disambiguation) — Christ the King is a title of Jesus. It can also refer to: Feast of Christ the King, observed in the Catholic Church, and many Protestant churches, since 1925 Christ the King Cathedral (disambiguation), the name of many church buildings around… … Wikipedia
Christ the King — This article is about the title of Jesus. For other uses, see Christ the King (disambiguation). Christ the King, a detail from the Ghent Altarpiece by Jan van Eyck. Christ the King is a title of Jesus based on several passages of Scripture. It is … Wikipedia
Christ the King, Feast of — ▪ Roman Catholic festival festival celebrated in the Roman Catholic church in honour of Jesus Christ as lord over all creation. Essentially a magnification of the Feast of the Ascension, it was established by Pope Pius XI in 1925.… … Universalium
Christ the King, Feast of — Христа Царя Праздник … Вестминстерский словарь теологических терминов
Monument to Christ the King — with St Patrick s Cathedral in background The Monument to Christ the King is a white marble structure in the grounds of Saint Patrick s Cathedral, Karachi, Pakistan. This monument stands overlooking one of the busiest streets of Karachi –… … Wikipedia
Institute of Christ the King Sovereign Priest — The Institute of Christ the King Sovereign Priest (Latin: Institutum Christi Regis Summi Sacerdotis) is a society of priests in the Catholic Church that celebrates the Liturgy in Latin in accordance with its constitutions and founding documents… … Wikipedia
Feast of the Ascension — Feast of the Ascension † Catholic Encyclopedia ► Feast of the Ascension See also The Fact of the Ascension. The fortieth day after Easter Sunday, commemorating the Ascension of Christ into heaven, according to Mark 16:19, Luke… … Catholic encyclopedia
Christ Church Cathedral, Newcastle — Christ Church Cathedral The Cathedral Church of Christ the King or Christ Church Cathedral is the Anglican cathedral in Newcastle, New South Wales Australia. The church, in the Gothic Revival style, is located on a hill at the city s eastern end… … Wikipedia
The Blessed Virgin Mary — The Blessed Virgin Mary † Catholic Encyclopedia ► The Blessed Virgin Mary The Blessed Virgin Mary is the mother of Jesus Christ, the mother of God. In general, the theology and history of Mary the Mother of God follow the… … Catholic encyclopedia
The Rite of Constantinople (Byzantine Rite) — The Rite of Constantinople † Catholic Encyclopedia ► The Rite of Constantinople (Also BYZANTINE RITE.) The Liturgies, Divine Office, forms for the administration of sacraments and for various blessings, sacramentals, and exorcisms … Catholic encyclopedia