Matra Durandal


Matra Durandal
Matra Durandal
F-111 with Durandal.jpg
An F-111 carrying BLU-107 Durandals.
Type Anti-runway bomb
Place of origin France
Service history
In service 1977–present
Used by United States, Argentina, Turkey, Jordan
Wars Gulf War (1991)
Production history
Manufacturer Matra (now MBDA)
Specifications
Weight 200 kg (440 lb)
Length 2.7 m (8 ft 10 in)
Diameter 22.3 cm (8.8 in)

Warhead weight 100 kg (220 lb) primary charge
15 kg (33 lb) secondary charge

Named for a mythical medieval French sword, the Durandal is a bomb developed by the French company Matra (now MBDA), designed to destroy airport and airfield runways.

Contents

Overview

Designed to be dropped from low altitudes, the bomb's fall is slowed by a parachute. The maximum release speed is 550 knots (1,020 km/h; 630 mph) and the minimum release altitude is 200 feet (61 m). When the bomb has reached a 40° angle due to the parachute's drag, it fires a rocket booster that accelerates it into the runway surface. The 100-kilogram (220 lb) primary charge explodes once the weapon has penetrated the concrete and drives the secondary charge even deeper. The 15-kilogram (33 lb) secondary charge then explodes after a one second delay. Later production weapons have a programmable fuze that can delay the secondary detonation up to several hours.

The weapon can penetrate up to 40 centimetres (16 in) of concrete, and creates a crater 2 metres (6 ft 7 in) deep and approximately 5 metres (16 ft) in diameter. In addition, concrete slabs around the crater are disturbed in an area approximately 15 metres (49 ft) in diameter. The disturbed slabs are displaced up to 50 centimetres (20 in) above the original surface, making repair more difficult than the simple crater from a conventional bomb.[1]

Service History

The Durandal was adopted by the US in a slightly modified form (with a steeper impact angle and a higher 630 knot deployment speed) as the BLU-107/B in the 1980s, and carried by F-111 and F-15E strike aircraft.[2]

In addition, the Durandal is in service with Argentina, Turkey, and at least 14 other un-identified nations. There is conflicting information as to whether the Durandal is or ever has been in service with the French Armée de l'Air.[3][4]

It was used by the USAF in Desert Storm, delivered by F-111E's of the 20th Fighter Wing operating out of Turkey. 20th Wing flight commander Captain George Kelman said "there is nothing better at destroying a runway than a Durandal."[5]

There is a persistent story that the first use of the Durandal was during the Six Day War in 1967. This has no basis in fact, as the Durandal was developed in the early to mid 1970s.[6] The actual weapon was the Israeli made direct predecessor to the Durandal which would soon lead to joint French-Israeli Durandal development along with many systems already jointly developed before and during in this time period.[7]

See also

  • JP233 - A British anti-runway weapon
  • BAP 100 - A smaller French anti-runway weapon adopted by the French Air Force

References

External links


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Look at other dictionaries:

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  • Matra Durandal — Un F 111 cargado con varias BLU 107 Durandal. Nombrada así por una mítica espada de la Francia medieval, Durandal es una bomba antipista desarrollada por la compañía francesa Matra (una filial de EADS). La bomba pesa 240 kg y mide 2,5m de altura …   Wikipedia Español

  • Matra (aeronautique) — Matra (entreprise) Pour les articles homonymes, voir Matra. Logo de MATRA Entreprises Création 1941 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Matra (aéronautique) — Matra (entreprise) Pour les articles homonymes, voir Matra. Logo de MATRA Entreprises Création 1941 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Matra (entreprise) — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Matra. Logo de Matra (entreprise) Cré …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Durandal (homonymie) — Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. Durandal est le nom de l épée légendaire du chevalier français Roland. Matra Durandal désigne une série de bombes françaises anti tarmac (piste d avions)… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Entreprise Matra — Matra (entreprise) Pour les articles homonymes, voir Matra. Logo de MATRA Entreprises Création 1941 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • BLU-107 Durandal — Eine F 111, die mehrere BLU 107 Durandal trägt. Allgemeine Angaben Bezeichn …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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