Salonta


Salonta
Salonta
Nagyszalonta
—  Municipality  —
Salonta
Location of Salonta
Coordinates: 46°48′0″N 21°39′0″E / 46.8°N 21.65°E / 46.8; 21.65Coordinates: 46°48′0″N 21°39′0″E / 46.8°N 21.65°E / 46.8; 21.65
Country  Romania
County Bihor County
Status Municipality
Government
 – Mayor László Török (UDMR)
Population (2002)
 – Total 18,074
Time zone EET (UTC+2)
 – Summer (DST) EEST (UTC+3)
Website http://www.salonta.net/en/fooldal.htm

Salonta (Romanian pronunciation: [saˈlonta]; Hungarian: Nagyszalonta, German: Grosssalontha) is a city in Bihor County, Transylvania, Romania, near the Hungarian border.

Contents

Population

According to the last Romanian census from 2002, the city has a population of 18,074, made up of Hungarians (57.2%), Romanians (40.2%), Roma (2.1%), and others (0.5%). In terms of religion, 51.12% are Reformed (Calvinist), 36.46% Romanian Orthodox, 6.56% Roman Catholic and 5.86% is split between Baptists, Romanian Greek-Catholic, Pentecostals and other faiths.[1]

History

The city was first documented in 1214 under the name of Zolonta and in 1332 a Papal document used the name Zalanta. From 1587 the Hungarian spelling Szalonta was used.

Until the 16th century, it was only a small village of about 300 inhabitants and was on the land of the Toldi family. A bigger city was the fort of Culiser, which was however destroyed by the Turks in 1598.

Culiser was never rebuilt and Salonta began to have a more important role in the region after 1606, when the prince of Transylvania, Stephan Bocskai settled 300 soldiers here and appropriated land for them. They built their own farms, but had to keep their arms ready to repel an attack by the Turks. 3 June, the day in which the soldiers were settled, is nowadays declared "the day of the city". However, Ottoman Turks captured the town in 1660 and as "Salanta", it became the sanjak center of Varat vilayet until 1692.

The 19th century Hungarian poet János Arany was born and lived in Salonta for most of his life. Lajos Zilahy, another noted Hungarian author, was also born in Salonta on 27 March 1891.

As of the Treaty of Trianon in 1920, Salonta became part of Romania with whole Transylvania as well except Hungarian occupation between 1940-1944 during World War II.

Climate and geography

Salonta has a continental humid climate, with warm to hot summers and cold to very cold winters, but relatively little snow. The average annual precipitation is 578 cubic mm (22.8 inches).[2] The average January temperature is -2.4 Celsius and in July it is 20.7 Celsius (averages for low and high). It is located in the plains west of the Apuseni Carpathians at an elevation between 91 and 99 meters.

Economy

Salonta is famous nationwide for its Salam de Salonta sausage products that have been produced since the 1970s. Most of the state-owned factories built during the communist period went into bankruptcy since 1989. During the 2000s however, there has been a considerable foreign direct investment in small factories and assembly plants - particularly in the clothing industry.

In 2008, Inteva Products LLC - a large multinational - started production at its Salonta facility, the only one the company has in Romania and one in only five throughout Central and Eastern Europe. Inteva produces cables and latches and other car parts at the Salonta facility.[3]

Trivia

The city of Salonta was the host for the 2006 Romanian National Gliders Championship (Campionat naţional de aeromodelism) and its team, Metalul Salonta, has won the championship several times.[4]

Politics

The Salonta Municipal Council, elected in the 2008 local government elections, is made up of 17 councillors, with the following party composition:

    Party Seats in 2004 Seats in 2008 Current Council
  Democratic Union of Hungarians in Romania 12 13                          
  National Liberal Party 2 2                          
  Democratic Liberal Party 2 2                          
  Social Democratic Party 1 0                          

Image gallery

International relations

Twin towns — sister cities

Salonta is twinned with:

References

  1. ^ Romanian 2002 Census
  2. ^ NASA Langley Research Center Atmospheric Science Data Center; New et al. 2002, online, [1]
  3. ^ Reuters: Arvin Meritor in Salonta, Romania
  4. ^ Romanian Aeromodelism, Salonta Cup

External links


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