- Choledochal cysts
Choledochal cysts Classification and external resources
Different types of choledochal cysts
ICD-10 Q44.4 ICD-9 751.69 DiseasesDB 2527 eMedicine article/172099 article/366004 article/934267 MeSH D015529
Signs and symtoms
Most of them present in 1st year of life; adult presentation is rare and usually at this stage is associated with complication . Classic triad of intermittent abdominal pain, jaundice, and a right upper quadrant abdominal mass is found only in minority of patients.
They were classified into 5 types by Todani in 1977.
Classification was based on site of the cyst or dilatation. Type I to IV has been subtyped.
- Type I: Most common variety (80-90%) involving saccular or fusiform dilatation of a portion or entire common bile duct (CBD) with normal intrahepatic duct.
- Type II: Isolated diverticulum protruding from the CBD.
- Type III or Choledochocele: Arise from dilatation of duodenal portion of CBD or where pancreatic duct meets.
- Type IVa: Characterized by multiple dilatations of the intrahepatic and extrahepatic biliary tree.
- Type IVb: Multiple dilatations involving only the extrahepatic bile ducts.
- Type V or Caroli's disease: Cystic dilatation of intra hepatic biliary ducts.
Choledochal cysts are treated by surgical excision of the cyst with the formation of a roux-en-Y anastomosis to the biliary duct. Future complications include cholangitis and a 2% risk of malignancy, which may develop in any part of the biliary tree.
- ^ "choledochal cyst" at Dorland's Medical Dictionary
- ^ Liu YB, Wang JW, Devkota KR, et al. (2007). "Congenital choledochal cysts in adults: twenty-five-year experience". Chin. Med. J. 120 (16): 1404–7. PMID 17825168.
- ^ Todani T, Watanabe Y, Narusue M, Tabuchi K, Okajima K (1977). "Congenital bile duct cysts: Classification, operative procedures, and review of thirty-seven cases including cancer arising from choledochal cyst". Am. J. Surg. 134 (2): 263–9. doi:10.1016/0002-9610(77)90359-2. PMID 889044.
Health science - Medicine - Cystic diseases Respiratory system Skin
stratified squamous: follicular infundibulum (Epidermoid cyst/Proliferating epidermoid cyst · Milia · Eruptive vellus hair cyst) · outer root sheath (Trichilemmal cyst/Pilar cyst/Proliferating trichilemmal cyst/Malignant trichilemmal cyst) · sebacious duct (Steatocystoma multiplex/Steatocystoma simplex) · KeratocystAdenoid cystic carcinoma · Breast cyst
Musculoskeletal system Digestive system Nervous systemCystic leukoencephalopathy Genitourinary system Other conditionsHydatid cyst · Von Hippel-Lindau syndrome · Tuberous sclerosis Congenital malformations and deformations of digestive system (Q35–Q45, 749–751) Upper GI tract Lower GI tract Accessory
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