- Pope John XIII
English name=John XIII
October 1, 965
September 6, 972
John XIII of
Crescenzifamily (died September 6, 972) served as Popefrom October 1, 965until his death.
Rome, he spent his career in the papal court. He was elected Pope John XIII five months after the death of Pope Leo VIII(963–965), as a compromise candidate, with the agreement of Emperor Otto I(936–973). John XIII's behaviour and foreign backing made him disliked in Rome. There was a revolt resulting in his temporary banishment occurring in December 965, though John XIII would later return in November 966.
After John XIII's restoration he worked with the Emperor on ecclesiastical improvements, including the creation of the
Archbishopric of Magdeburg.
On Christmas 967, John XIII crowned Otto I's son
Otto II(973–983) as co-Emperor. Otto II was afterwards married to the niece of the Byzantine Emperor John I Tzimisces(969–976), as part of the ongoing attempt to reconcile Eastern and Western Churches. John XIII created new Latin archbishoprics in southern Italy, thus reducing the influence of the Byzantine Empireand Eastern Orthodox Churchthere.
It is also believed that John XIII died of the same circumstances as the previous Pope John is rumoured to have fallen victim to (murder by the husband of one of his adulterous lovers). Fact|date=March 2007
*it [http://www.serlupi.it/Crescenzi.html Crescenzi family]
* Catholic Encyclopedia
* [http://www.documentacatholicaomnia.eu/01_01_0965-0972-_Ioannes_XIII.html Opera Omnia by Migne Patrologia Latina with analytical indexes]
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