- Louis-Antoine, Cardinal de Noailles
Noailles received his
doctoratein theologyfrom the Sorbonne on 14 March 1676. He was appointed bishop of Cahorsin March 1679 but served only briefly before Pope Innocent XIordered him transferred in 1680 to head the diocese of Châlons-sur-Marne, which made him a peer of France. On 19 August 1695, in recognition of Noailles's family connections, King Louis XIV made him archbishop of Parisand duc de Saint-Cloud, and in 1700 Pope Innocent XIImade him a cardinal.
"Lacking in brilliant qualities", according to the "Catholic Encyclopedia," "he was possessed of piety, zeal, and activity." [http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/11085b.htm] He is noted for having raised money to feed
faminevictims by selling his silver tableware in 1709, and for having spent a considerable part of his inheritance on redecorating Notre Dame.
Noailles was a friend of
François Fénelon, with whom he had studied at the Collège du Plessisbefore entering the Sorbonne. Nonetheless, he was among the bishops who condemned Fénelon's "Maximes des Saints," ending the theologian's career.
Noailles had a complex relationship with the Jansenists; while he condemned their propositions, more orthodox theologians saw in his own teachings hints of Jansenism, and Noailles was an opponent of the Jesuits in their attacks on the sect. His position on
Pope Clement XI's 1713 bull " Unigenitus" was also controversial; he opposed it, despite papal disapproval, up to 1728 but then abruptly reversed himself shortly before his death.
He was succeeded as archbishop of Paris and duc de Saint-Cloud by
Charles-Gaspard-Guillaume de Vintimille du Luc.
* [http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/11085b.htm "Catholic Encyclopedia," s.v. "Louis-Antoine de Noailles"]
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Cardinal de Noailles — Louis Antoine de Noailles Cardinal Louis Antoine de Noailles de l Église catholique romaine … Wikipédia en Français
Louis-Antoine de Noailles — Cardinal Louis Antoine de Noailles de l Église catholique romaine … Wikipédia en Français
Louis Antoine De Noailles — Cardinal Louis Antoine de Noailles de l Église catholique romaine … Wikipédia en Français
Louis antoine de noailles — Cardinal Louis Antoine de Noailles de l Église catholique romaine … Wikipédia en Français
Louis Antoine de Noailles — École française du XVIIIe siècle. Château de Versailles. Biographie Naissance 27 … Wikipédia en Français
Louis-Antoine de Noailles — Louis Antoine de Noailles † Catholic Encyclopedia ► Louis Antoine de Noailles Cardinal and bishop, b. at the Château of Teyssiére in Auvergne, France, 27 May, 1651; d. at Paris, 4 May, 1729. His father, first Duc de Noailles, was… … Catholic encyclopedia
Louis-Antoine de Noailles — Louis Antoine de Noailles. Louis Antoine de Noailles (* 27. Mai 1651 in Cros de Montvert, Département Cantal; † 4. Mai 1729 in Paris) war Kardinal (1700) und seit 1695 Erzbischof von Paris. Noailles promovierte an der … Deutsch Wikipedia
Noailles, Louis-Antoine de — • Cardinal and bishop (1651 1729) Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006 … Catholic encyclopedia
Noailles, Louis-Antoine de — ▪ French cardinal born May 27, 1651, Château de Tessières, near Aurillac, France died May 4, 1729, Paris cardinal and archbishop of Paris, who, with his brother, the second duc de Noailles, made the name Noailles one of the most honoured in … Universalium
Noailles  — Noailles (spr. Noalj), alte französische Familie, so genannt nach dem Schlosse Noailles bei Brives in Limousin; sie starb 1449 mit Jean II. im Mannesstamme aus, worauf dessen Neffe, 1) Aimar, das Geschlecht fortführte; bes. berühmt sind: 2)… … Pierer's Universal-Lexikon