- Stefanos Sarafis
Stefanos Sarafis ( _el. Στέφανος Σαράφης, 1890 -
31 May, 1957) was an officer of the Hellenic Armywho played an important role during the Greek Resistance.
Early life and career
Sarafis was born at
Trikalain 1890, and studied law in the University of Athens. During the Balkan Wars, he enlisted in the Greek Army as a sergeant, and was promoted to lieutenant in 1913. He became a Venizelist, and played an active role in the various military conspiracies that were fromed during the troubled 1920s. He participated in the two failed Venizelist coup attempts of 1933 and 1935. The latter was led by Nikolaos Plastirasand intended to overthrow the government of Prime Minister Panagis Tsaldaris. The failure of the coup resulted in the execution of its leader for treasonand dishonorable discharges for several of the participants.
In internal exile
exiled to the island of Miloswhich was populated but had no connection to military activities. He was thus effectively isolated from possible contacts with active Army members. In 1938, Sarafis was introduced to Marion Roscoe, an English student of the University of Oxfordwho visited the island to pursue her studies of archaeology. However her limited knowledge of the Greek languageprevented her from effectively communicating with the locals.
Sarafis was reportedly the only person on the island with working knowledge of the
English languageand volunteered to help her in communicating. Their private conversations over political beliefs and the History of Greeceresulted in her lifelong interest in Greek matters. Marion later claimed to have fallen in love with Sarafis at this point.
Second World War
Marion left Greece during the
Greco-Italian War. Sarafis resurfaced as a leading figure of the Greek Resistancemovement. Initially in contact with the republican EDES and EKKA movements, in March 1943 he was arrested by guerillas of the communist EAM/National People's Liberation Army (ELAS). Despite his background, a month later Sarafis joined ELAS. His motives for this have been hotly contested, but he seems to have been impressed by ELAS' strength and at least partly sympathised with its political aims. In May, he was appointed as head of its general staff. From this position he played a crucial role during the Dekemvriana.
After the military and political defeat of EAM in the Dekemvriana, he was captured and exiled to
Serifoswhere Marion re-established correspondence with him in 1946. She had joined the League for Democracy which campaigned for the release of political prisoners.
Sarafis was eventually released and married Marion in 1952. He joined the
United Democratic Leftat about this time. In the Greek legislative election, 1956, the United Democratic Left entered a coalition with the Republican Union, the Liberal Party (EP), the Rally of the Farmers and the Workers, National Progressive Union of the Centreand the Democratic Socialist Party. The coalition came second and managed to elect 132 MPs. Sarafis was among them.
He was a
pedestriancasualty in a car accidenton 31 May, 1957 in Alimos, a suburb of Athens. He and his wife Marion were taking a walk when an automobiledriven by a non-commissioned officerof the United States Air Forcecollided with them. Sarafis was killed and his wife injured. George V. Allen, the then United States Ambassador to Greece, ordered the airman to be handed to the Greek authorities for trial. The airman admitted to have been driving under the influenceand having violated the speed limit. He was charged with manslaughter. However fellow politicians of the United Democratic Left strongly suspected the incident to be a "premedidated murder" and reported their suspicions to the press.
* [http://www.internationalwallofprayer.org/A-139-Awards-of-Moral-Courage-Rescue-of-Greek-Jews.html A page on the "Awards of Moral Courage, Honoring Greek Christians who risked their lives to save Greek Jews during the Holocaust". Including Sarafis and an image of him]
* [http://www2.fhw.gr/projects/cooperations/f_policy36_45/en/photo/511.html A photograph of him with other National People's Liberation Army members]
* [http://jcgi.pathfinder.com/time/printout/0,8816,937455,00.html 1957 Time article on his death]
* [http://www.odyssey.gr/article.asp?entryid=2561&pagecode=02 A sub-article on his wife]
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