- Idaho Legislature
The Idaho Legislature is the state legislature of the
U.S. stateof Idaho. It consists of the upper Idaho Senateand the lower Idaho House of Representatives. The Idaho Senate contains 35 Senators, who are elected from 35 districts. The Idaho House of Representatives consists of 70 Representatives, who are elected from the same 35 districts, with 2 being elected from each constituency.
The crossing of upper and lower house districts into a single constituency is found in only seven U.S. state legislatures: Idaho, Arizona, Maryland, New Jersey, North Dakota, South Dakota, and Washington. As of 2000, each legislative district in the state of Idaho had approximately 37,000 residents.
Elections and composition
Members of the Idaho Legislature were originally elected by county, but in recent times districts apportioned by population have replaced representation by county.
Today members of the Idaho Legislature are elected from 35 districts throughout the state. Some districts include several counties, while others are located entirely within a single county. Ada County, the state's largest by population, currently has eight legislative districts within its boundaries.
All 105 members are elected simultaneously every two years on the same day as the federal election day in early November. [ [http://www.idsos.state.id.us/elect/stcon/articl03.htm Idaho State Constitution Article III] ]
Districts are reapportioned every 10 years. The next reapportionment is expected to occur after the 2010 census and take effect as of the 2012 election.
In the 1980s voters elected legislators from two districts, a smaller local district and a larger "floterial" district which often encompassed an entire region of the state. Legislative seats in floterial districts were last contested in 1990. Today floterial districts are prohibited by the Idaho Constitution. [ [http://www3.state.id.us/cgi-bin/constretr?sctid=003030305.K CONSTITUTION OF THE STATE OF IDAHO] ]
Currently both houses of the Idaho Legislature are controlled by the Republican Party with large majorities. Although the Democrats picked up six seats in the Idaho House in the 2006 elections, primarily in Boise, Republicans still control the body by a 51-19 majority. The Republican 28-7 majority in the Idaho Senate remained unchanged after the 2006 elections.
Location and time of operation
The Idaho Legislature normally convenes at the
Idaho State Capitolin downtown Boise. The Legislature meets annually from January until mid-March, although sessions have been known to last into May. The Governor of Idaho may also call special sessions at any time.
The Idaho State Capitol is currently closed to the public for extensive renovations. The 2008 session of the Idaho Legislature met in converted courtrooms in the old Ada County Courthouse [http://www.capitolcommission.idaho.gov/ Idaho State Capitol Commission] Accessed
3 August 2007] . The 2009 session is also scheduled to meet in the temporary facilities.
* [http://www.legislature.idaho.gov/ Official site]
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Idaho — This article is about the U.S. state of Idaho. For other uses, see Idaho (disambiguation). Idaho … Wikipedia
Idaho Commission for Libraries — The Idaho Commission for Libraries assists libraries to build the capacity to better serve their clientèle. Building the Capacity of Idaho s Libraries! 27 Feb. 2007. Idaho Commission for Libraries. 4 April 2007. http://libraries.idaho.gov.] LiLI… … Wikipedia
Législature d'État des États-Unis — Contrôle partisan des Sénats des États en 2010 … Wikipédia en Français
Idaho State Capitol — The Idaho State Capitol is the state capitol building of the U.S. state of Idaho. Housing the Idaho Legislature, it is located in the state capital of Boise. The main building was completed by 1913. It is the only state capitol to be heated by a… … Wikipedia
Idaho State Historical Society — The Idaho State Historical Society (ISHS) is a historical society located in the U.S. state of Idaho [Vertical File. Idaho State Historical Society”. Idaho State Historical Society Public Archives and Research Library.] that preserves and… … Wikipedia
Idaho City, Idaho — Infobox Settlement official name = Idaho City, Idaho other name = native name = nickname = settlement type = City motto = imagesize = image caption = flag size = image seal size = image shield = shield size = image blank emblem = blank emblem… … Wikipedia
Idaho gubernatorial election, 1990 — The 1990 Idaho gubernatorial election was held on November 6, 1990 to select the governor of the state of Idaho. Cecil D. Andrus, the Democratic incumbent, ran for an unprecedented fourth term. State senator Roger Fairchild won the Republican… … Wikipedia
Idaho's 2nd congressional district — Infobox U.S. congressional district state = ID district number = 2 representative = Mike Simpson party = Republican english area = metric area = percent urban = percent rural = population = 645,149 population year = 2000 median income = 46,943… … Wikipedia
Idaho's 1st congressional district — Infobox U.S. congressional district state = Idaho district number = 1 representative = Bill Sali party = Republican english area = metric area = percent urban = percent rural = population = 648,744 population year = 2000 median income = 38,364… … Wikipedia
Idaho — • Probably from an Arapahoe Indian word, Gem of the Mountains , the name first suggested for the territory of Colorado Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Idaho Idaho … Catholic encyclopedia