Agrapha


Agrapha

: "For the region in Evrytania, Greece, see Agrafa"

Agrapha (Greek for "non written"; singular "agraphon") are sayings of Jesus that are not found in the canonical Gospels. The term was used for the first time by J.G. Körner, a German Bible scholar in 1776.

Definition of agrapha

The Agrapha must satisfy three conditions:

* They must be Sayings, not discoursesWorks like the "Didascalia" and the "Pistis Sophia", that tells about Jesus, but do not quote him are not considered.

* They must be Sayings of Jesus Therefore Agrapha are not Sayings found in religious romances such as found in apocryphal Gospels, the apocryphal Acts, or the Letter of Christ to Abgar, etc.

* They must not be in the canonical Gospels

So, mere additions to pre-existing Sayings are not the Agrapha.

Examples

According to the Roman Catholic Church for Agrapha to be genuine, they must be supported by external and internal evidence. It means that early writers, like Papias, Clement, Ireneas, and Justin Martyr, would have quoted it, and the message of the Agrapha must be in context with the teachings of Jesus contained in the Canonical Gospels.

New Testament

Acts, 20:35, "Remember the word of the Lord Jesus, how he said: "It is a more blessed thing to give, rather than to receive"."

Apocryphal Scriptures

Apostolic Church ­Order, 26: "For he said to us before, when he was teaching: "That which is weak shall be saved through that which is strong"."

Acts of Philip 34: "For the Lord said to me: "Except ye make the lower into the upper and the left into the right, ye shall not enter into my kingdom"."

Patristic citations

Justin Martyr, Dial. 47: "Wherefore also our Lord Jesus Christ said, "In whatsoever things I apprehend you, in those I shall judge you"."

Clement of Alexandria, Strom. I, 24, 158: "For ask", he says "for the great things, and the small shall be added to you"."

Clement of Alexandria, Strom. I, 28, 177: "Rightly therefore the Scripture also in its desire to make us such dialecticians, exhorts us: Be approved moneychangers, disapproving some things, but holding fast that which is good"."

Clement of Alexandria, Strom. V, 10, 64: "For not grudgingly, he saith, did the Lord declare in a certain gospel: "My mystery is for me and for the sons of my house"."

Origen, Homil. in Jer., XX, 3: "But the Saviour himself saith: "He who is near me is near the fire; he who is far from me, is far from the kingdom"."

Oxyrhynchus Logia

Second Logion: "Jesus saith, "Except you fast to the world, you shall in no wise find the kingdom of God"."

Third Logion: "Jesus saith, "I stood in the midst of the world, and in the flesh was I seen of them, and I found all men drunken, and none found I athirst among them, and my soul grieved over the sons of men, because they are blind in their heart, and see not"."

Fifth Logion: "Jesus saith, "Wherever there are two, they are not without God; and wherever there is one alone, I say I am with him. Raise the stone and there thou shalt find me; cleave the wood, and there am I"."

Sixth Logion: "Jesus saith," A prophet is not acceptable in his own country, neither doth a physician work cures upon them that know him."

Seventh Logion: "Jesus saith, "A city built upon the top of a hill and stablished can neither fall nor be hid"."

Eighth Logion: "Jesus saith, "Thou hearest with one ear . ." ."

ee also

*List of Gospels
*Q Gospel
*Unknown Berlin Gospel
*Gospel of Peter
*Gospel of Thomas
*Oxyrhynchus Gospels
*Egerton Gospel
*Fayyum Fragment
*Dialogue of the Saviour
*Gospel of the Ebionites
*Gospel of the Hebrews
*Gospel of the Nazoraeans
*Secret Gospel of Mark
*Gospel of Marcion
*Gospel of Judas
*Other endings of Mark

External links

* [http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/01225c.htm Catholic Encyclopedia: Agrapha: Sayings of Jesus that have come down to us outside the canonical Gospels]
* [http://www.textexcavation.com/agrapha.html List of agrapha at the "Text excavation" site]

Bibliography

The Catholic Encyclopedia-"Agrapha" - 1907, therefore free of copyright


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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Agrapha — • Term for alleged sayings of Jesus, found in ancient Christian writings, not included in the canonical Gospels Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Agrapha     Agrapha      …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Agrapha — (griechisch Άγραφα wörtl.: die Ungeschriebenen, singular: Agraphon) nennt man die nicht in den kanonischen Evangelien des Neuen Testamentes enthaltenen, aber in anderen urchristlichen (z. T. apokryphen) oder altkirchlichen Schriften (etwa… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Agrapha — Agrapha, so v.w. Agrasa …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Agrapha — Agrapha, südöstlich. Ausläufer des Pindusgebirges mit kriegerischer Bevölkerung; Bezirk in der griech. Eparchie Kallidromi am Achelous …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon

  • agrapha — [ag′rə fə] pl.n. [Gr, neut. pl. of agraphos, unwritten: see A 2 & GRAPHIC] sayings ascribed to Jesus but not found in the Gospels …   English World dictionary

  • Agrapha — Les agrapha, au singulier agraphon (du grec ancien αγραφον, « non écrit »), sont les paroles de Jésus de Nazareth non écrite, c est à dire consignées ailleurs que dans les quatre évangiles canoniques. On trouve de telles sentences non… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • agrapha — A Greek word (in the plural) for sayings of Jesus which are not written in the gospels or found sometimes only in inferior MSS and not regarded as authentic parts of the text. The best known example is the insertion by codex D at Luke 6:5; Jesus… …   Dictionary of the Bible

  • Agrapha — Ạgrapha   [griechisch »ungeschriebene (Worte)«] Plural, im weiteren Sinn alle außerkanonischen Schriftfragmente neben dem Neuen Testament; im engeren, heute üblichen Sinn Worte Jesu, die nicht in den vier Evangelien, sondern in anderen Büchern… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • agrapha — noun plural Etymology: Greek, neuter plural of agraphos unwritten, from a + graphein to write more at carve Date: 1890 sayings of Jesus not in the canonical gospels but found in other New Testament or early Christian writings …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • agrapha — /ag reuh feuh/, n. (used with a sing. or pl. v.) the sayings of Jesus as recorded in the writings of the early Christians and in those parts of the New Testament other than the Gospels. [1885 90; < Gk, neut. pl. of ÁGRAPHOS, equiv. to a A 6 +… …   Universalium


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