Chlamys


Chlamys
Hermes wearing a chlamys
For the scallop genus, see Chlamys (bivalve). The beetle genus described as Chlamys is now Neochlamisus.

The chlamys (Ancient Greek: χλαμύς, gen.: χλαμύδος; also known as the ephaptis [ἐφαπτίς]) was an ancient Greek piece of clothing, a type of cloak.

The chlamys was made from a seamless rectangle of woolen material about the size of a blanket, usually bordered. It was normally pinned with a fibula at the right shoulder. Originally it was wrapped around the waist like a loincloth, but by the end of the 5th century BC it was worn over the elbows. It could be worn over another item of clothing, but was often the sole item of clothing for young soldiers and messengers, at least in Greek art. As such, the chlamys is the characteristic garment of Hermes (Roman Mercury), the messenger god usually depicted as a young man.

The chlamys was typical Greek military attire from the 5th to the 3rd century BC. As worn by soldiers, it could be wrapped around the arm and used as a light shield in combat.

The chlamys continued into the Byzantine period, when it was often much larger and worn sideways. It was held on with a clasp at the shoulder, and nearly reached the ground at front and back.

Gallery

Sources

  • Sekunda, Nicholas (2000). Greek Hoplite 480–323 BC. Osprey Publishing. ISBN 1855328674
  • Ridgway, S. Brunilde (1990). Hellenistic Sculpture: The Styles of ca. 331–200 B.C. University of Wisconsin Press. ISBN 0299167100

See also


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Chlamys — Chlamys …   Wikipédia en Français

  • CHLAMYS — vestimentum fere militare, tunicae superindui solitum; unde quemadmodum toga pacis, ita Chlamys belli insigne fuit; Philostratus, l. 5. c. 45. Χλαμύδος ἠράςθη καὶ ςτρατιώτου βίον, Chlamydem et militarem vitam amavit. An sicuti χλαῖνα, quod hieme… …   Hofmann J. Lexicon universale

  • Chlamys — (griech.), ein aus Makedonien oder Thessalien in Griechenland eingeführter Überwurf, den Reiter, Soldaten, Jäger und Reisende, in Athen die Epheben (s.d.) trugen. Sie bestand aus einem obl ongen wollenen Stück Zeug, das auf der rechten Schulter… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Chlamys — ist: der biologische Name einer Kammmuschelart, siehe Chlamys (Muschel) die Bezeichnung für einen antiken griechischen Mantel, siehe Chlamys (Mantel) siehe auch: Clamys Diese Seite ist eine …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • chlamys — [klā′mis, klam′is] n. pl. chlamyses or chlamydes [klam′i dēz΄] [L < Gr chlamys] a short mantle clasped at the shoulder, worn by men in ancient Greece …   English World dictionary

  • Chlamys — Chla mys, n.; pl. E. {Chlamyses}, L. {Chlamydes}. [L., from Gr. ?.] A loose and flowing outer garment, worn by the ancient Greeks; a kind of cloak. [1913 Webster] || …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Chlamys — (gr.), Oberkleid der Männer, erst vor dem Eintritt in das Ephebenalter getragen, eine Art Mantel, der über der rechten Schulter od. über der Brust zusammengeheftet wurde, ursprünglich ein illyrisches, macedonisches u. thessalisches Nationalkleid …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Chlamys — (grch.), Mantel der alten Griechen, ein unten abgerundetes Stück Zeug, das über die linke Schulter geworfen und auf der rechten Schulter durch eine Spange zusammengehalten wurde …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Chlamys — Chlamys, griech. männliches Oberkleid, besonders im Kriege, eine Art der Chlanä …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon

  • Chlamys — swifti …   Wikipédia en Français


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.