Hadeland is a traditional district in the south-eastern part of
Norway. It is located around the southern part of lake Randsfjordenin Opplandcounty, and consists of the municipalities of Gran, Jevnakerand Lunner. Hadeland occupies the area north of the hills of Nordmarkaclose to the Norwegian capital Oslo. The soil around the Randsfjord is amongst the most fertile in Norway. Hadeland accounts for just 5 % of the country's area, but it represents 13% of its agricultural land. Farmers harvest grains, alfalfa(?) and potatoes. Pigs, dairy cattle and horses are also bred by farms here.
Jevnaker is located to the southern and western side of the Randsfjord. Gran's rolling countryside is home to about two-thirds of the 30,000 people living in Hadeland. The village of Gran serves as the area's main center of commerce. The municipality of Gran is divided by the Randsfjord, and its western part is known as the "Fjorda" district. Most of the traditional northern parish of
Brandbuhas been absorbed into today's administrative district of Gran.
The Hadeland area includes large stretches of woodland. Approximately 69% of Lunner is covered by forest. Nearly half of the wooded area in Lunner and Jevnaker is common land (almenning). The local forestry cooperative plays a key role in the economies of the two districts. Their woods are home to a variety of flora and fauna, and host a number of species of
birds, deer, elk and other wildlife. Populations of trout, char, bass and other freshwater fish have dwindled in the inland lakes and streams, but restocking efforts are now made.
A number of
Stone Agesites have been discovered around the Randsfjord and over 200 artefacts - including jewellery, tools, and weapons - have been unearthed. During this period the people here, as in most of southern Norway, lived as hunter-gatherers, exploiting the resources of the large forests.
By the end of the
Bronze Age, agriculture had evolved and archaeological evidence points to the division of land into family or clan-based farms. Several Bronze Age burial mounds have been identified in Hadeland.
Roman references to this area as Hadeland may be found in documents dating from AD
200- 400. The name refers to the "haðar" people. It is thought that "haðar" may relate to one of the many tribes or clans in the area, thus Hadeland would mean "land of the haðar". Archaeologists have found a wide variety of weapons in Iron Ageburial sites throughout Hadeland. In the late Iron Age, Hadeland was a petty kingdom. One of the more prominent kings of Hadeland was Halfdan Hvitbeinnwho lived in the 8th century.
According to the
Icelandic sagasearly Viking Agechieftains enjoyed hunting and entertaining their entourages in the forests and on the lakes in this area. King Halfdan the Black, father of king Harald Fairhairwho united Norway, often visited Hadeland. According to historical sources he and his men attended a banquet here in the winter of 860. As they were crossing the ice on Randsfjord on their way home to Ringerike, the ice gave way and horses, men, and the 40-year-old king himself drowned. The Hadeland Folkemuseumis built around a Viking burial moundat Granavollen which according to folklorecontains the torso of king Halvdan.
The name Hadeland appears on the
Dynna stone, a runestonefrom about 1040- 1050. Norway formally adopted Christianityin 1030, and the Dynna stone, with its scenes from the Nativity is one of the first Christian monuments in Norway. A number of medieval churches survive in Hadeland. Notable among them is the Tingelstad old church. This was built in the 13th century. Other churches include Lunner churchand the Sister Churchesat Granavollen. The Black Deatharrived in Norway in the mid 14th century, and it is estimated that two-thirds of the population of Hadeland was wiped out.
Tingelstad old church
Hadeland Mining Museumat Grua
Sun Observatory at Harestua
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Hadeland — Hadeland, Vogtei in Christians Amt des norwegischen Stiftes Aggerhuus, begreift den südwestlichen u. südlichen Theil des Amtes u. besteht eigentlich aus zwei verschiedenen Districten, dem östlichen Land u. H., u. dem nordwestlichen Valders, von… … Pierer's Universal-Lexikon
Hadeland — Hadeland, fruchtbare Landschaft im südlichen Teil des norweg. Christiansamtes, am Randsfjord, 1282 qkm groß mit (1900) 16,418 Einw … Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon
Hadeland — Hadeland, Landschaft im norweg. Amt Kristians, am Randsfjord, 1252 qkm, 15.000 E.; Glasindustrie … Kleines Konversations-Lexikon
Hadeland — Sp Hãdelandas Ap Hadeland L P Norvegijos regionas … Pasaulio vietovardžiai. Internetinė duomenų bazė
Hadeland Glassverk — is situated in Jevnaker, Oppland 40km north of Oslo, at the southern tip of lake Randsfjorden.The glass works was founded in 1762 on land belonging to the Mo estate. Production started in 1765. At the time Norway did not have the necessary… … Wikipedia
Hadeland Folkemuseum — is a regional museum for Hadeland (Gran, Lunner and Jevnaker). It was founded in 1913, and is located at Tingelstad, Gran.Within the museum area is the reputed grave of king Halfdan the Black, from the Viking Age. The museum is located near… … Wikipedia
Reino de Hadeland — Hadeland es el antiguo nombre de una región histórica, actualmente un distrito en el sur de Randsfjorden en el condado de Oppland, antiguo reino de Noruega; compuesto por los municipios de Gran, Jevnaker y Lunner. Historia La Noruega de la Era… … Wikipedia Español
Royaume de hadeland — Le Royaume de Hadeland était l un des petits royaumes norvégiens du Moyen Âge. Il était situé dans le fylke actuel d Oppland. Le nom Hadeland viendrait du vieux norrois haðar, signifiant guerrier. Le Hadeland serait donc le pays des guerriers.… … Wikipédia en Français
Royaume de Hadeland — Le Royaume de Hadeland était l un des petits royaumes norvégiens du Moyen Âge. Il était situé dans le fylke actuel d Oppland. Le nom Hadeland viendrait du vieux norrois haðar, signifiant guerrier. Le Hadeland serait donc le pays des guerriers.… … Wikipédia en Français
Hotell Hadeland — (Gran,Норвегия) Категория отеля: Адрес: Granavolden 35, 2750 Gran, Норвегия … Каталог отелей