- Principality of Lippe
Principality of Lippe
State of the Holy Roman Empire (until 1806) ← 1123–1918 → Flag (1815–1880) Coat of arms German Confederation (1814-1866) Capital Detmold Government Principality History - Established 1123 - Raised to County 1528 - Raised to Principality 1789 - German Revolution 1918
The founder of what would become the Principality of Lippe was Bernhard I, who received a grant of the territory from Lothair III, Holy Roman Emperor and King of the Germans in 1123. Bernhard I assumed the title of Lord of Lippe. Bernhard's successors inherited and obtained several counties. Lord Simon V was the first ruler of Lippe to style himself as a count.
Following the death of Simon VI in 1613, the principality was split into three counties; Lippe-Detmold went to Simon VII, Lippe-Brake to Otto and Lippe-Alverdissen went to Philip I. The Lippe-Brake county was reunited with the main Detmold line in 1709. Another branch of the family was founded by Jobst Herman, a son of Simon VII, who was founder of the Lippe-Biesterfeld line.
The Counts of Lippe-Detmold were granted the title of Prince of The Empire in 1789.
Shortly after becoming a member state of the German Empire in 1871, the Lippe-Detmold line died out on 20 July 1895. This resulted in an inheritance dispute between the neighboring principality of Schaumburg-Lippe and the Lippe-Biesterfeld line. The dispute was resolved by the Imperial Court in Leipzig in 1905, with the lands passing to the Lippe-Biesterfeld line who, until this point, had no territorial sovereignty.
Lords of Lippe
- Bernard I (1123–1158)
- Herman I (1128–1167)
- Bernard II (1168–1196)
- Herman II (1196–1229)
- Bernard III (1230–1265)
- Herman III (1265–1273)
- Bernard IV (1265–1275)
- Simon I (1273–1344)
- Simon II (1344)
- Otto (1344–1360)
- Bernard V (1344–1364)
- Simon III (1360–1410)
- Bernard VI (1410–1415)
- Simon IV (1415–1429)
- Bernard VII (1429–1511)
- Simon V (1511–1536)
Raised to County to 1536.
Counts of Lippe (-Detmold from 1613)
- Simon V (1511–1536)
- Bernard VIII (1536–1563)
- Simon VI (1563–1613)
- Simon VII (1613–1627)
- Simon Louis (1627–1636)
- Simon Philip (1636–1650)
- John Bernard (1650–1652)
- Herman Adolphus (1652–1665)
- Simon Henry (1665–1697)
- Frederick Adolphus (1697–1718)
- Simon Henry Adolphus (1718–1734)
- Simon Augustus (1734–1782)
- Leopold I (1782–1789)
Raised to Principality 1789.
Princes of Lippe
- Leopold I (1789–1802)
- Leopold II (1802–1851)
- Leopold III (1851–1875)
- Woldemar (1875–1895)
- Alexander (1895–1905)
- Leopold IV (1905–1918)
The monarchy of Lippe was abolished in 1918.
Heads of the House of Lippe
Heir Stephan, Hereditary Prince of Lippe (born 1959)
- List of consorts of Lippe
- This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Chisholm, Hugh, ed (1911). Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press.
- German Genealogy: Lippe (-Detmold)
- Ordinances and by-laws of the county of Lippe online (German)
- Guidelines for the integration of the Land Lippe within the territory of the federal state North-Rhine-Westphalia of 17 January 1947 (German)
Lower Rhenish–Westphalian Circle (1500–1806) of the Holy Roman Empire Ecclesiastical Prelates Secular Counts
and lordsfrom 1500Bentheim · Bronkhorst (until 1719) · Diepholz · East Frisia (until 1667) · Horne3 (until 1614) · Hoya · Lingen3 · Lippe · Manderscheid (until 1546) · Moers (until 1541) · Nassau (Diez · Hadamar · Dillenburg (until 1664)) · Oldenburg (until 1777) · Pyrmont · Ravensberg3 · Reichenstein · Rietberg · Salm-Reifferscheid · Sayn · Schaumburg · Tecklenburg · Virneburg · Wied · Winneburg and Beilstein · Zimerauff?from 1792status
Cities1 from 1792. 2 until 1792. 3 without Reichstag seat. ? status uncertain. States of the Confederation of the Rhine (1806–13) Rank elevated
by NapoleonKingdomsGrand Duchies
States createdKingdomsGrand DuchiesPrincipalities Pre-existing
statesDuchiesPrincipalities1 from 1810. 2 until 1810. 3 until 1809. 4 from 1809. 5 until 1811.
States of the German Confederation (1815–66) Empires Kingdoms Electorates Grand Duchies Duchies Principalities City-states Other territories
outside of the
confederacyColonial possessions · Personal unions of Habsburg (Bukovina · Croatia · Galicia and Lodomeria · Hungary · Lombardy–Venetia · Serbian Voivodeship and Banat8 · Slavonia9 · Transylvania) · Personal union of Hanover (Great Britain and Ireland10) · Personal unions of Hohenzollern (East Prussia11 · Neuchâtel12 · Posen, Gr. Duchy13 · Posen, Prov.14 · Prussia, Prov.15 · West Prussia11) · Occupied: Schleswig161 w/o areas listed under other territories. 2 Merged with Anhalt from 1863. 3 until 1847. 4 from 1839. 5 from 1826. 6 until 1826. 7 until 1850. 8 1849–60. 9 as of 1849. 10 until 1837. 11 until 1829. 12 until 1848/57. 13 until 1848. 14 as of 1848. 15 as of 1829. 16 as of 1864.
States of the North German Confederation (1866–71) Kingdoms Grand Duchies Duchies Principalities City-states States of the German Empire (1871–1918) Kingdoms Grand Duchies Duchies Principalities City-states Other territoriesElsaß-Lothringen · Colonial possessions
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