Gabriele Paleotti


Gabriele Paleotti

Gabriele Paleotti (4 October1522 - 22 July1597) was an Italian Cardinal and Archbishop of Bologna.

Life

Paleotti was born at Bologna. Having acquired, in 1546, the title of Doctor of Civil and Canon Law, he was appointed to teach civil law. In 1549 he became canon of the cathedral, but he did not become a priest until later. He gave up teaching in 1555, and although he had many times refused the episcopal dignity, he became in 1556 auditor of the Rota.

Pope Pius IV sent him to the Council of Trent, where he played an important role. His "Diarium", or journal, on the proceedings of the council, forms one of the most important documents for its history. The complete text is published in the third volume of the "Concilium Tridentinum". ["Diariorum, Actorum, Epistularum, tractatuum nova collectio", edidit Societas Goerresiana (Freiburg; Vol. 1, ed. S. Merkle, p. XXXVI, Freiburg, 1901.] [A résumé was published by Mendham (London, 1842) and Augustin Theiner ("Acta Concilii Tridentini", Agram, 1874, II, 523-580).] . He was, with Molanus and Charles Borromeo, one of the most influential writers to write filling out the brief decree of the Council on religious images with detailed instructions on their iconography, proscribing as sin any frivolity, indecorum, and use of traditional depictions without scriptural foundation.

After the council Paleotti became one of the commission of cardinals and prelates that served as a basis of the Congregation of the Council. On 12 March, 1565, he became cardinal, and on 13 January, 1567, was made Bishop of Bologna; he was made the latter's first archbishop, when in 1582 that see became an archdiocese.

His biographers praise his introduction of the Tridentine reforms in his diocese, comparing his activity at Bologna to that of Charles Borromeo at Milan. The latter held him in high esteem. In 1589 Paleotti became Bishop of Albano and in 1591 Bishop of Sabina. There also he distinguished himself by his zeal for reform.

At the conclave in 1590 which elected Pope Gregory XIV, he obtained the votes of an important minority. He died in Rome in 1597.

elected wrks

*De nothis spuriisque filiis liber" (1573)
*"De sacris et profanis imaginibus libri V" (1582)
*"Episcopale Bononiensis civitatis" (1580)
*"Archiepiscopale Bonoiensis civitatis" (1594)
*"De sacris consistorii consultationibusìì (1594)
*"De bono senectutis" (1595).

Notes

External links

*CathEncy|title=Gabriele Paleotti|url=http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/11419a.htm


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  • Gabriele Paleotti —     Gabriele Paleotti     † Catholic Encyclopedia ► Gabriele Paleotti     Cardinal and Archbishop of Bologna. Born at Bologna, 4 October, 1522; died at Rome, 22 July, 1597. Having acquired, in 1546, the title of Doctor of Civil and Canon Law, he… …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Gabriele Paleotti — (* 4. Oktober 1522 in Bologna; † 23. Juli 1597 in Rom) war ein Kardinal der katholischen Kirche. Biografie Gabriele Paleotti wurde als zweites von fünf Kindern geboren und am 12. Oktober 1522 in der Kathedrale St. Pietro in Bologna getauft. 1546… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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