- Tillamook County, Oregon
Infobox U.S. County
county = Tillamook County
state = Oregon
map size = 225
December 15, 1853
seat = Tillamook | area_total_sq_mi =1133
area percentage = 17.30%
census yr = 2000
pop = 24262
web = www.co.tillamook.or.us
Tillamook County is a county located in the
U.S. stateof Oregon. The countyis named for the Tillamook, a Native American tribe who were living in the area in the early 19th century at the time of European Americansettlement. In 2000, the county's population was 24,262. The county seatis Tillamook.GR|6
Dairy farming is the one of the county's largest agricultural occupations. The Tillamook Cheese Factory, is the county's largest business and the largest private employer. Tillamook dairy products are available throughout the west and the rest of the country.
The state of Oregon owns 44% of the land inside the county boundaries, mostly as part of the
Tillamook State Forest. The State Forest was created as a result of the 355,000 acre (1440 km²) Tillamook Burn. The reforested burn is rapidly maturing, and there is local expectation that it will assist in the recovery of the local timber industry. Three lumber mills currently operate in Tillamook County, one at Garibaldi, one in Tillamook, and one south of Tillamook at the former Naval Air Station.
The County's scenic coastline, which includes four bays and nine rivers, helps the tourist industry. U.S. Route 101, traveling the length of the Oregon Coast, brings many travelers through the county by car and bike. The coast also provides locations for vacation homes for inhabitants of nearby
Portland, Oregonand the Willamette Valley.
Tillamook County is the first in the continental United States to be declared ready for a
tsunami. This designation was given by the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administrationafter the county paid $15,000 for 27 warning sirens and an emergency radio system.
According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 1,333 square miles (3,452 km²), of which, 1,102 square miles (2,855 km²) of it is land and 231 square miles (597 km²) of it (17.30%) is water. At 3,706 feet (1130 m) in elevation,
Rogers Peakis the highest point in the county and the highest in the Northern Oregon Coast Range. [ [http://www.peakbagger.com/peak.aspx?pid=1075 Peakbagger.com: Rogers Peak] ]
As of the
censusGR|2 of 2000, there were 24,262 people, 10,200 households, and 6,793 families residing in the county. The population densitywas 22 people per square mile (8/km²). There were 15,906 housing units at an average density of 14 per square mile (6/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 93.86% White, 0.22% Black or African American, 1.19% Native American, 0.65% Asian, 0.21% Pacific Islander, 1.89% from other races, and 1.98% from two or more races. 5.13% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 20.1% were of German, 13.3% English, 10.7% American and 8.6% Irish ancestry according to Census 2000.
There were 10,200 households out of which 24.60% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 54.80% were married couples living together, 7.70% had a female householder with no husband present, and 33.40% were non-families. 27.90% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.60% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.33 and the average family size was 2.82.
In the county, the population was spread out with 22.20% under the age of 18, 6.50% from 18 to 24, 23.50% from 25 to 44, 28.00% from 45 to 64, and 19.80% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 44 years. For every 100 females there were 100.40 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 98.10 males.
The median income for a household in the county was $34,269, and the median income for a family was $40,197. Males had a median income of $31,509 versus $21,555 for females. The
per capita incomefor the county was $19,052. About 8.10% of families and 11.40% of the population were below the poverty line, including 13.40% of those under age 18 and 8.10% of those age 65 or over.
Tillamook County, the twelfth county in Oregon to be organized, was established on
December 15, 1853, when the Territorial Legislature approved an act to create the new county out of an area previously included in Clatsop, Yamhill and Polk Counties. Boundary changes were enacted with Clatsop County (1855, 1870, and 1893), with Lincoln County in 1893, Washington County (1893, 1898), and with Yamhill County in 1887.
Coast Rangebehind Tillamook was the scene of a repeated series of forest fires called the Tillamook Burnbetween 1933 and 1951. In 1948, a state ballot approved the sale of bonds to buy the burned-over areas and have the state rehabilitate the lands. The state lands were renamed the Tillamook State Forestby governor Tom McCallon July 18, 1973. By the end of the twentieth century, the replanted growth was considered mature enough to be commercially harvested.
The Tillamook airbase for blimps was commissioned on
December 1, 1942, as U.S. Naval Air Station Tillamook. The two hangars were closed after World War IIand sold. One of the hangars was destroyed by a fire in 1992 and only two posts now remain. The surviving blimp hangar is a local landmark and the location of the Tillamook Air Museum.
Mount Hebo Air Force Stationwas a Cold Warair defense installation from 1956 to 1980. Located south of Tillamook, at the top of 3154 foot high Mount Hebo, Air Force radars operated by the 689th Radar Squadronand the 14th Missile Warning Squadronwere essential parts of the nation's integrated air defenses. The large radomes protecting the radars from adverse weather effects could be seen silhouetted against the sky from most of Tillamook County.
U.S. Route 101to the north of Tillamook during the last part of the 20th century has blocked part of the flood plainof the Wilson River, contributing to repeated winter flooding in the city.
Other settlements and
Tillamook County Transportation District
Tillamook in popular culture
Todd Sniderrecorded a song called "Tillamook County Jail" on his 2004 album "East Nashville Skyline".
* [http://www.co.tillamook.or.us Tillamook County, Oregon] (official website))
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