- Ipatovo kurgan
Ipatovo kurgan refers to kurgan 2 of the Ipatovo Barrow Cemetery 3, a cemetery of
kurganburial mounds, located near Ipatovo, some 120 km north-east of Stavropol, Stavropol Krai, Russia.
With a height of 7 metres, it was one of the largest kurgans in the area. It was completely investigated in 1998–1999, revealing thirteen phases of construction and use, from the
4th millennium BCto the 18th century AD.
The first grave may have been a burial of the
Maykop culture, which was destroyed by later graves. The earliest extant grave contained two young people, buried in a sitting position, dating to the late 4th millennium.
On top of the kurgan was a
Sarmatiangrave of the 3rd century BC. A woman had been buried here in extended position on the back, together with an exceptionally rich treasure of grave-goods: six solid golden necklets, two golden spiral bracelets, two golden finger rings made from Hellenisticcoins, a gilded wooden cup decorated with zoomorphicfigures, a short sword with gold-decorated pommel (the presence of a weapon in a woman's grave is not an unusual feature in Sarmatian contexts) and gold-covered scabbard, a sheet gold buckle, a gilded wooden cosmetics container, and clay vessels.
In the final phase, more than 100 simple graves were dug into the southern slope of the barrow, probably 18th century burials of the nomadic Turkic
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