Maria Ludovika of Austria-Este


Maria Ludovika of Austria-Este
Maria Ludovika of Austria-Este
Empress consort of Austria; Queen consort of Hungary and Bohemia
Reign 1808–1816
Spouse Francis I of Austria
House House of Habsburg-Lorraine
Father Ferdinand I, Archduke of Austria-Este
Mother Maria Beatrice Ricciarda d'Este
Born 14 December 1787(1787-12-14)
Died 7 April 1816(1816-04-07) (aged 28)

Maria Ludovika of Austria-Este, also known as Maria Ludovika of Modena, (German: Maria Ludovika Beatrix von Modena) (Monza, 14 December 1787 – 7 April 1816 in Verona) was daughter of Archduke Ferdinand of Austria-Este (1754–1806) and his wife, Maria Beatrice Ricciarda d'Este (1750–1829). She was a member of the House of Austria-Este, a branch of the House of Habsburg-Lorraine.

Biography

Maria Ludovika and her family fled from Italy to Austria when Northern Italy was conquered by Napoleon in 1796. This caused her a hostility for Napoleon. In Austria, the Emperor fell in love with her during his visits to her mother.

On 6 January 1808 she married her first cousin Francis I, Emperor of Austria, King of Hungary and Bohemia. They had no children.

The Ludovica Military Academy in Budapest established in 1808 was named after Maria Ludovika who contributed 50,000 Forint for its upkeep from the funds of the Honours list proclaimed at the Coronation.

She was a great enemy of the French Emperor Napoleon I of France and therefore also in opposition to the Austrian foreign minister Prince Klemens Wenzel von Metternich. The French protested against the marriage because of her political views. Metternich showed her private correspondence with her relatives to her husband, the Emperor Francis I, in the hope that it would miscredit her. She supported the war against Napoleonic France in 1808. From this year, her health deteriorated. She was opposed to the marriage between Napoleon and Marie Louise in 1809. In 1812, she was a reluctant guest to the assembly of German monarchs gathered by Napoleon to celebrate his war against Russia.

She was the hostess of the Vienna congress in 1815. When Napoleon was finally defeated she traveled at the end of the year 1815 to her home country, North Italy, but died soon because of tuberculosis. She was only 28 years old.[1]

She is buried in the Imperial Crypt in Vienna.

Ancestry

Notes

Maria Ludovika of Austria-Este
House of Austria-Este
Cadet branch of the House of Habsburg-Lorraine
Born: 14 December 1787 Died: 7 April 1816
German royalty
Preceded by
Maria Teresa of the Two Sicilies
Empress of Austria
1808–1816
Succeeded by
Caroline Augusta of Bavaria
Queen consort of Hungary and Bohemia[2]
1808–1816


  1. ^ Brigitte Hamann: Die Habsburger. 1988, p. 333f.
  2. ^ http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/216736/Francis-II

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Maria Theresa of Austria-Este (1773–1832) — For other people named Maria Theresa of Austria, see Maria Theresa of Austria (disambiguation). Maria Theresa of Austria Este Queen consort of Sardinia Tenure 4 June 1802 – 12 March 1821 …   Wikipedia

  • Maria Theresa of Austria-Este (1849–1919) — For other people named Maria Theresa of Austria, see Maria Theresa of Austria (disambiguation). Maria Theresa of Austria Este Queen consort of Bavaria Tenure 5 November 1913 – 7 November 1918 …   Wikipedia

  • Archduchess Maria Leopoldine of Austria-Este — Maria Leopoldine of Austria Este Electress of Bavaria Maria Leopoldine of Austria Este as Countess of Arco, with her sons Aloys and Maximilian Spouse …   Wikipedia

  • Archduchess Maria Beatrix of Austria-Este — Countess of Montizón Spouse Juan, Count of Montizón Issue Carlos, Duke of Madrid Alfo …   Wikipedia

  • Maria Angela Caterina d'Este — Princess of Carignan Maria Angela Caterina by a follower of Rigaud Spouse …   Wikipedia

  • Maria Beatrice Ricciarda d'Este — Maria Beatrice Ricciarda d’Este (Modena, April 7 1750 – Vienna, November 14 1829) was heiress of Modena and Reggio and Duchess of Massa and Carrara from 1790 until 1797 and from 1816 until her death in 1829.Maria Beatrice Ricciarda was the only… …   Wikipedia

  • Austria-Este — Ferdinand of Austria Este (1754–1806) …   Wikipedia

  • Maria Theresa of Austria (1801–1855) — For other people named Maria Theresa of Austria, see Maria Theresa of Austria (disambiguation). Maria Theresa of Austria Maria Theresa with her two sons Victor Emmanuel and Ferdinand by Fernando Cavalleri …   Wikipedia

  • Maria Antonia of Austria — Not to be confused with Marie Antoinette, Queen of France. Maria Antonia of Austria Electress of Bavaria Reign 15 July 1685 – 24 December 1692 …   Wikipedia

  • Maria Leopoldine of Austria — redirects here. For the Empress of Brazil, see Maria Leopoldina of Austria. Maria Leopoldine of Austria Maria Leopoldine (6 April 1632, Innsbruck – 7 August 1649) was Holy Roman Empress as the spouse of Ferdinand III, Holy Roman Emperor.… …   Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.