Fort Yamhill


Fort Yamhill

Infobox Military Structure
name= Fort Yamhill
partof=
location= Polk County, Oregon


caption=Fort Yamhill blockhouse located in Dayton, Oregon.
type= Military base
built= 1856
builder=
materials= wood
height=
used= 1856-1866
demolished= 1866
condition=
ownership= United States
controlledby= United States Army
garrison=
commanders= Philip Sheridan
occupants=
battles=
events=

Fort Yamhill was an American military fortification in what became the state of Oregon. Built in 1856 in the Oregon Territory, it remained an active post until 1866. The Army outpost was used to provide a presence next to the Grand Ronde Agency Coastal Reservation. Several officers stationed at the United States Army post prior to the American Civil War would later serve as generals in that war.

Construction

Built in Polk County, Oregon, the outpost consisted of a wooden blockhouse, sentry box, barracks, officers’ quarters, carpenter's shop, hospital, cook houses, blacksmith shop, tables, barn, sutler’s store, and laundress quarters. [http://www.prd.state.or.us/masterplans_ftyamhill_history.php Fort Yamhill Master Plan History.] Oregon State Parks and Recreation Department. Retrieved on February 19 2008.] The wood blockhouse was built to provide a refuge to settlers of the area in case of attack by the Native Americans. After the fort was abandoned the block house was moved from the hill it was positioned on and served as a jail in the Valley Junction area.

Total cost to build the fort was $36,053. The post’s first troops were under the command of William Babcock Hazen.Corning, Howard M. "Dictionary of Oregon History". Binfords & Mort Publishing, 1956.] This garrison consisted of 76 men under three officers, but was reduced in 1858 to two officers and 33 enlisted men.

Notable people

Company D of the Fourth California Infantry took over at the fort on November 11, 1861 under the command of Lyman S. Scott.cite book
last = Barth
first = Gunter
authorlink =
coauthors =
title = All Quiet on the Yamhill: The Civil War in Oregon by Royal A. Bensell
publisher = University of Oregon Books: Eugene, OR
date = 1959
volume =
ISBN = 1167 6969
doi =
] They replaced the Ninth Infantry that was commanded by 1st Lieutenant Philip A. Owen. For a time between September 1863 and October 1864 the post was under the command of 2nd Lieutenant James Davison.

*General Philip Sheridan was posted at the fort until the outbreak of the American Civil War and supervised the construction. At the time he was only a lieutenant in the U.S. Army.Horner, John B. (1921). Oregon: Her History, Her Great Men, Her Literature. The J.K. Gill Co.: Portland.] Sheridan commanded Fort Yamhill from June 261857 to July 311857, and from June 261861 to September 11861 and was promoted to the rank of captain on May 141861.
*Also posted at Fort Yamhill was corporal Royal A. Bensell whose journals became the award winning book, "All Quiet on the Yamhill: The Civil War in Oregon by Royal A. Bensell". Edited by Gunter Barth.
*Civil War generals Joseph Hooker, Joseph Wheeler, and David Allen Russell all served at the fort.

The fort today

The blockhouse of the fort was moved to a park in downtown Dayton in 1911 to honor city founder Joel Palmer.citeweb|title= Fort Yamhill State Heritage Area Master Plan |date= July 2004 |url= http://www.oregon.gov/OPRD/PLANS/docs/masterplans/ft_yamhill.pdf |accessdate=2007-08-29] The actual site of the fort, which is in the Willamina vicinity, has been listed on the National Register of Historic Places since 1971.citeweb|title=Oregon National Register List|url= http://www.oregon.gov/OPRD/HCD/NATREG/docs/oregon_nr_list.pdf |accessdate=2007-08-29] The address of the site is withheld, however the Oregon Parks and Recreation Department runs the undeveloped Fort Yamhill State Heritage Area in partnership with Polk County and the Confederated Tribes of the Grand Ronde and plans to reconstruct some of the fort buildings.

Since 2005, Fort Yamhill has served as the site for the Oregon State University historical archaeology field school. Students work to uncover the foundations of Fort-era buildings. Dr. David Brauner directs the annual field schools.

ee also

*Fort Hoskins
*Fort Dalles

External links

* [http://www.oregonstateparks.org/park_254.php Fort Yamhill State Heritage Area]

References


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Fort Yamhill — Casemate du Fort Yamhill qui fut déplacée en 1911 à Dayton (Oregon). Fort Yamhill fut construit par l US Army en 1856 dans le territoire de l Oregon. Son rôle était d assurer une présence de l armée à proximité de la Grand Ronde Community… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Fort Vancouver National Historic Site — IUCN Category V (Protected Landscape/Seascape) Illustration of Fort Vancouver and …   Wikipedia

  • Fort Hoskins — Infobox Military Structure name= Fort Hoskins partof= location= Benton County, Oregon caption= type= Military base built= builder= materials= wood height= used= demolished= condition= ownership= controlledby= United States Army garrison= 4th… …   Wikipedia

  • Dayton, Oregon —   City   Location in O …   Wikipedia

  • Maud Williamson State Recreation Site — Oregon State Parks …   Wikipedia

  • List of Oregon state parks — Main article: Oregon Parks and Recreation Department Crown Point and Vista House, taken from Portland Women s Forum viewpoint …   Wikipedia

  • Sheridan, Oregon — Infobox Settlement official name = Sheridan, Oregon settlement type = City nickname = motto = imagesize = 250px image caption = Sheridan Bridge over the South Yamhill River. image image mapsize = 250x200px map caption = Location in Oregon… …   Wikipedia

  • Lewis and Clark National and State Historical Parks — IUCN Category V (Protected Landscape/Seascape) …   Wikipedia

  • District of Oregon (military) — Civil War era military outposts in the Pacific Northwest The District of Oregon was a Union Army command department formed during the American Civil War. The district was part of the independent Department of the Pacific reconstituted by… …   Wikipedia

  • Oregon Coast — Southward view from Ecola State Park, Northern Oregon Coast The Oregon Coast is a region of the U.S. state of Oregon. It runs generally north south along the Pacific Ocean, forming the western border of the state; the region is bounded to the… …   Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.