- Oriel window
Oriel windows are a form of bay window commonly found in Gothic architecture, which project from the main wall of the building but do not reach to the ground. Corbels or brackets are often used to support this kind of window. They are seen in combination with the Tudor arch. This type of window was also used in Victorian Architecture in the Queen Anne Style. Unlike a bay window, an oriel window is only found projecting from an upper floor..
Oriel windows are seen in Arab architecture in the form of mashrabiya.
In Indian culture these windows and balconies are projected from the street front, providing an area in which women could peer out and see the activities below while remaining invisible.
According to the OED, the word "oriel" is derived from Anglo-Norman oriell and post-classical Latin oriolum, both meaning gallery or porch, perhaps from classical Latin aulaeum, curtain.
- Oriel College, Oxford took its name from a balcony or oriel window forming a feature of a property which occupied the site the college now stands on.
- Oriel Chambers in Liverpool was a very controversial building when it was built, featuring an entire facade of glass oriel windows. It is seen as an early example of modernism.
16th century oriel window inside St Bartholomew-the-Great church, London.
19th century neo-gothic oriel window on Bradford City Hall.
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oriel window — noun a projecting bay window corbeled or cantilevered out from a wall • Syn: ↑oriel • Hypernyms: ↑bay window, ↑bow window * * * oriel window UK [ˌɔːriəl ˈwɪndəʊ] US [ˈɔriəl ˌwɪndoʊ] noun [countable] [ … Useful english dictionary
oriel window — UK [ˌɔːrɪəl ˈwɪndəʊ] / US [ˈɔrɪəl ˌwɪndoʊ] noun [countable] Word forms oriel window : singular oriel window plural oriel windows a window that sticks out from a wall … English dictionary
oriel window — noun Etymology: Middle English, porch, oriel, from Anglo French oriol Date: 14th century a large bay window projecting from a wall and supported by a corbel or bracket called also oriel … New Collegiate Dictionary
oriel window — o|ri|el win|dow [ ɔriəl ,wındou ] noun count a window that sticks out from a wall … Usage of the words and phrases in modern English
oriel window — noun (C) technical an upper window that is built out from a wall … Longman dictionary of contemporary English
oriel window — A bay window … Ballentine's law dictionary
Oriel — d une maison de Turckheim, en Alsace. Un oriel (bay window ou bow window par anglicisme) est une avancée en encorbellement aménagée sur un ou plusieurs niveaux d une façade. Sommaire 1 … Wikipédia en Français
oriel — [ ɔrjɛl ] n. m. • 1879; de l angl. oriel window « fenêtre sous une galerie, un auvent », a. fr. oriol, o. i., « porche » ♦ Fenêtre en encorbellement faisant saillie sur un mur de façade. Recomm. offic. pour bay window, bow window. ● oriel nom… … Encyclopédie Universelle
oriel — ► NOUN ▪ a large upper storey bay with a window (an oriel window), supported by brackets or on corbels. ORIGIN Old French oriol gallery … English terms dictionary
oriel — *window, casement, dormer … New Dictionary of Synonyms