- Bay de Verde, Newfoundland and Labrador
official_name = Bay de Verde
settlement_type = Town
image_caption = Panoramic view overlooking harbor and community, March, 2007
image_shield = Baydeverde.jpg
pushpin_label_position = left
pushpin_map_caption = Location of Bay de Verde in Newfoundland
subdivision_type = Country
subdivision_name = CAN
subdivision_type1 = Province
subdivision_name1 = NL
subdivision_type3 = Census division
subdivision_name3 = 1
leader_title = Mayor
leader_name = Gerard Murphy
leader_title1 = MHA
Charlene Johnson( Trinity-Bay de Verde)
leader_title2 = MP
established_title = Settled
established_title2 = Incorporated (town)
established_date2 = August 22, 1950
area_total_km2 = 13.28
population_as_of = 2006
population_footnotes =Cite web|url= http://www12.statcan.ca/english/census06/data/profiles/community/Details/Page.cfm?Lang=E&Geo1=CSD&Code1=1001347&Geo2=PR&Code2=10&Data=Count&SearchText=Bay%20de%20Verde&SearchType=Begins&SearchPR=01&B1=All&GeoLevel=&GeoCode=1001347 | title= Bay de Verde Community Profile| author= Statistics Canada| authorlink=Statistics Canada|year= 2006 Census| accessdate= 2008-01-25 ]
population_total = 470
population_density_km2 = 35.4
timezone = Newfoundland Standard
utc_offset = -3:30
timezone_DST = Newfoundland Daylight
utc_offset_DST = -2:30
latd = 48
latm = 05
lats = 00
latNS = N
longd = 52
longm = 53
longs = 40
longEW = W
elevation_m = 30
postal_code_type = Postal code span
postal_code = A0A-1E0
area_code = 709
blank_name = Highways
blank_info = Highway 60
website = [http://www.baydeverde.com/ Town of Bay de Verde]
footnotes = Bay de Verde (2006 Population 470) is an incorporated town in
Conception Bayon the northern tip of the Bay de Verde Peninsulaof Newfoundland and Labrador, Canada. The first recorded inhabitants at Bay de Verde arrived in 1662. Bay de Verde became an incorporated town in 1950.
Bay de Verde is the northern most community in Conception Bay. The central part of this picturesque fishing
villageis nestled between two hills while on both sides of the low lying area gently slope towards the ocean. On the southwestern side is the harbour, called the "foreside", where fishing boats are moored in the central section away from the land and wharfs and at one time away from the fishing stages. The other side of this low lying area, called the "backside", was once also used for fishing stages, called "fishing rooms", and where boats were also moored away from the land. Due to its more treacherous rocks and steep slopes and its exposure to the raging sea and winds of the North Atlantic, backside has long been abandoned as an area for fishing rooms.
Bay de Verde and surrounding areas are barren of any trees except for a small
groveof rugged sprucetrees called the minister's grove. This is where the manseof the Minister of the local parishwas built.
On the western side of the harbour just below an area called Spring Hill is the section of
Torquay, which derives its name from an English town by the same name.
Bay de Verde is accessible by Route 70 of the provincial road system. The road down to the heart of the town is very steep and can be very dangerous in the winter during snow storms.
Split Point, a prolific fishing berthin the community, is also the boundary line between Conception Bay and Cape St. Francis.
Towns and communities nearby
Bay de Verde and surrounding areas are dotted by small fishing communities established to be close to the fishing grounds. Some of the communities within a 15 minute driving distance from Bay de Verde are:
* Red Head Cove
* Grates Cove
* Daniel's Cove
* Old Perlican
* Low Point
* Caplin Cove
According to D. W. Prowse (1895) the earliest documented inhabitant of the 'Bay of Arbs' (today known as Bay de Verde) was Isaac Dethick, an English planter who was expelled from Placentia in 1662 when the French took over that town. There is no doubt that there were settlers such as the Taverners already established at Bay de Verde when he arrived. In 1675 seven families and their servants, numbering close to 150 people, had erected eleven rooms and stages in the harbour.
The best record of the period comes from the journal of Abbe Baudoin, dated February 2 to February 6, 1697. Baudoin, who travelled with
Pierre Le Moyne d'Iberville's raiders, noted that "there were in this harbour fourteen settlers well established and ninety good men." These French raiding parties destroyed the community and killed a number of inhabitants in 1696 and 1705.
One of the early family names of Bay de Verde is Taverner. According to H.F. Shortis (1910) William Taverner was a naval officer and surveyor on a British
man-of-warwho later worked on a Newfoundland map of 1745.
The main road in Bay de Verde is Masters Road named after John Masters an apprenticed to
William Tavernerabout 1700–1701. The Taverner family of Poole and Bay de Verde – a moderately well-off group which divided its time between Poole and Newfoundland.
Abraham, William Taverner's brother, an obscure figure, was the Newfoundland agent for the London merchant,
James Campbell, who had extensive plantations at Bay de Verde. Campbell was financial agent in London for Captain John Moodywho had been commander of the Newfoundland garrison during Major Thomas Lloyd’sabsence in 1704–1705 and who was an avowed adversary of Lloyd. Although many of the Newfoundland planters tried to keep away from both Lloyd and Moody, William Taverner led a group which, early in 1708, complained about Lloyd’s exploitation of the colonists.
* 1612 - October of 1612
Bartholomew Pearson, yeoman of Wollaton, Nottingham, settler in the first English colony in Newfoundland, took part in John Guy’s expedition to Trinity Bay and was among those ship-wrecked at Green Bay (Bay de Verde) on the way back. Nine days later, near starvation, they regained Cuper’s Cove (now Cupids), having walked to Carbonear where they had found a boat. Pearson was one of a group of settlers who went to Cuper’s Cove in 1612. His task was to assess the agricultural possibilities of Newfoundland to only condemned both the land and the climate after a few months there. This expedition was financed by Sir Percival Willoughby, a prominent member of the Merchant Venturers company formed in 1610 for the plantation of Newfoundland.
* 1628 - Sir
David KirkeGovernor of Newfoundland encouraged British settlement in Newfoundland, collected a five per cent tax on all fish and oil taken by foreign fishermen, and fortified the choice spots of Ferryland, St. John's and Bay de Verde.
* 1662 – Isaac Dethick settled at Bay de Verde after being deported from Placentia by the newly arrived French garrison.
* 1675 – There are seven families and their servants , numbering about 150 people total, occupying 11 rooms and stages in the harbour at this time.
* 1677 – Bay de Verde fishery produces 1,700 quintals of fish.
* 1693 – Bay de Verde fishery produces 4,450 quintals of fish.
* 1697 – The journal of Abbe Baudoin noted that "there were in this harbour fourteen settlers well established and ninety good men".
* 1714 – William Taverner, born at Bay de Verde, surveys the south coast of Newfoundland for the English crown.
* 1729 – Bay de Verde becomes one of the six judicial districts created by Governor Henry Osborn, in order to protect life liberty and property. These districts were responsible for the erection of
stocksand the administration of floggingfor minor crimes.
* 1738 - Seventeen ships are engaged in the cod fishery.
* 1804 - George Garland establishes a trading post.
* 1811 - 20+ individuals had disembarked the schooner "Fanny" at Bay de Verde due to the deplorable conditions they endured in the voyage from Ireland to Newfoundland. On September 3, 1811 James Lannon, master of the schooner "Fanny", appeared in court at St. John's to answer to the charge of not providing water and food for the crew and passengers. They left Waterford, Ireland on April 23, 1811 for St. John's. The schooner was greatly overcrowded with 184 passengers and twelve crew. John Lynch who appeared as a witness paid 6 guineas for his passage told how they only received a quart of water a day during his voyage and for the last week of their voyage only received half pint of water a day.
* 1823 – Newfoundland School Society under the direction of Samuel Codner establishes its first
* 1832 – John Lynch is teaching school in the cooper shop of Timothy Dineen at Bay de Verde.
* 1838 – Northern Bay
Roman Catholic Parishis established and Father Bernard Duffy begins his ministry covering all of the North Shore including Bay de Verde .
* 1839 – First
Church of Englanddenominational school is established by the Newfoundland School Societyand run by William Pippy..
* 1841 - Church of England wardens James Norris and William Barter establish the
* 1843 – School master John Morrissey begins a Roman Catholic denominational school.
* 1846 – Reverend John Roberts is appointed to the Church of England mission of Grates Cove – Bay de Verde.
* 1847 – Oliver Rouse arrives to take over the Anglican Parish and its missions.
* 1870 – The newly constituted Road Board begins to establish roads.
* 1872 – Road completed to Red Head Cove, Grates Cove and Old Perlican.
* 1873 - James Ryan of Bonavista, owner of
James Ryan and Companyestablishes a trading operation at Bay de Verde.
* 1880 – Roman Catholic Parish of the Assumption established with Reverend Gregory Battcock as priest.
* 1881 – First telegraph line from Carbonear to Bay de Verde.
* 1891 – St. Barnabas Anglican Church completed.
* 1892 – Construction began on Assumption Parish Roman Catholic Church.
* 1902 - Thomas Moore begins to operate one of the first lobster canning plants in the community.
* 1911 –
Fisherman's Protective Unionstore is open.
* 1916 – Railway branch line from Carbonear to Bay de Verde is completed.
* 1929 – Electricity is turned on for the first time. Power is supplied from the United Township Electric Company.
* 1932 – Railway branch line is shut down.
* 1942 - First breakwater built at Emberley's Point.
* 1946 – The
Fisherman's Co-operative Societyis established.
* 1947 - Duncan Blundon builds his
forgefor manufacture of trap grapples and other metal works.
* 1948 - First
cod liverreducing plant built.
* 1949 - Liver plant catches on fire and explosions can be heard throughout the night as 50 gallon drums are burned and expolded.
* 1950 – Patrick Noonan becomes the first mayor of Bay de Verde’s Town Council, which was established in July to provide services, including a municipal water supply system. Council rendered inactive in the next year.
* 1953 - Birdseye coldstorge plant built replacing old Moores store.
* 1954 - Maurice and Patrick Quinlan buy out the business of James F. O'Neill.
* 1955 - The Ice house is demolished to give way to
slipwayand whinchto haul boats onto dry land in fall for winter storage.
* 1958 - Ice house dismantled.
* 1967 – St. Joseph’s Central High School opens.
* 1967 –
Quinlan Brothersfish plant operates six of the twelve longliners fishing from the community processing cod and turbot. During peak season the plant employs over 300 people from Bay de Verde and surrounding communities.
* 1972 – Tricon Elementary School opens.
* 1975 – Town Council reactivated after twenty-five years of dormancy.
* 1992 –
Cod fisheryis closed down by the Federal Government of Canada. Crab and shrimp fishery continues to be successful at Bay de Verde.
* 1999 – Bay de Verde Heritage House and
Baccalieu IslandExhibit officially opened.
* 2002 - St. Joseph's Central High School closes.
* 2004 - Bay de Verde wins 'TIDY TOWNS AWARD'
* the longliner "Mainlander" owned by Gordon Tweed, uncle of
Bay de Verde today is a prominent fishing community located on the northern tip of the
Bay de Verde Peninsulaof Conception Baynear Baccalieu Island.
The climate of the Atlantic Ocean and adjacent land areas is influenced by the temperatures of the surface waters and water currents as well as the winds blowing across the waters. Because of the oceans' great capacity for retaining heat, the climate of Bay de Verde are moderate and free of extreme seasonal variations.
Precipitation falls on the area both as snow in the wintertime and moderate rainfall in summer.
The Gulf Stream and Labrador Current converge just of the coast of Newfoundland and provide for very dense fog that can linger in the area for days.
Snow can accumulate with prolonged periods of snowfall which was the case in the winter of 2000 - 2001. The attached picture shows the height of snow from the road surface
Statistics Canada detail demographics follow link [http://www12.statcan.ca/english/census06/data/profiles/community/Details/Page.cfm?Lang=E&Geo1=CSD&Code1=1001347&Geo2=PR&Code2=10&Data=Count&SearchText=Bay%20de%20Verde&SearchType=Begins&SearchPR=10&B1=All here]
Notable persons of community
Augusta BarterC.M. Order of Canada, nurse (born Bay de Verde)
D'Arcy BroderickSinger and musician (born Bay de Verde)
William James Emberleyfisherman and song writer (born Bay de Verde)
* Paul O'Neill C.M. Order of Canada, writer, producer (born St. John's, lived in Bay de Verde)
William TavernerPlanter, trader, surveyor (born Bay de Verde)
* Heritage House and Baccalieu Island Exhibit
* The Bay de Verde Heritage House is a merchant-class Victorian house built in 1896 which features many exhibits, including one on the Baccalieu Island Bird Sanctuary.
* Active Fishing Community with both a major crab and shrimp plant
* Two Historic Churches, Roman Catholic and Anglican (Over 100 years old)
* Baccalieu – Merry meeting lookout
**Scenic view of beautiful Conception Bay
* Iceberg and Whale Watching
* Many picnic tables
List of cities and towns in Newfoundland and Labrador
* [http://www.baydeverde.com/ Town of Bay de Verde official website]
* [http://collections.ic.gc.ca/baccalieutrail/home.html Historical Baccalieu Trail]
* [http://www12.statcan.ca/english/profil01/Details/details1.cfm?SEARCH=BEGINS&ID=1554&PSGC=10&SGC=1001347&DataType=1&LANG=E&Province=10&PlaceName=bay%20de%20verde&CMA=&CSDNAME=Bay%20de%20Verde&A=&TypeNameE=Town&Prov= Statistics Canada]
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Newfoundland and Labrador general election, 2003 — 1999 ← October 21, 2003 members →& … Wikipedia
Newfoundland and Labrador general election, 2011 — 2007 ← members October 11, 2011 members … Wikipedia
Newfoundland and Labrador general election, 2007 — 2003 ← members October 9, 2007 members … Wikipedia
Newfoundland and Labrador House of Assembly — Type Type Unicameral Leadership Speaker Ross Wiseman, Progressive Conservative since October 27, 2011 … Wikipedia
Bay Roberts, Newfoundland and Labrador — Infobox City official name = Bay Roberts other name = native name = nickname = motto = Proud of the past Poised for the future imagesize = 100px image caption = flag size = image seal size = 100px image shield = shield size = image blank emblem … Wikipedia
Red Head Cove, Newfoundland and Labrador — Red Head Cove coord|48|7.85|N|52|53.6|W| is a fishing village in Newfoundland and Labrador located near the tip of the Bay de Verde Peninsula separating Trinity Bay and Conception Bay, in a steep valley north of Bay de Verde. Red Head Cove is a… … Wikipedia
Heart's Content, Newfoundland and Labrador — Infobox Settlement official name = Heart s Content other name = native name = nickname = settlement type = Town motto = imagesize = image caption = flag size = image seal size = image shield = shield size = city logo = citylogo size = pushpin… … Wikipedia
Division No. 1, Newfoundland and Labrador — is a census division covering the entire Avalon Peninsula including the Isthmus of Avalon of the Canadian province of Newfoundland and Labrador. Like all census divisions in Newfoundland and Labrador, but unlike the census divisions of some other … Wikipedia
Lower Island Cove, Newfoundland and Labrador — Location map|Newfoundland width=220 lon dir=W|lat dir=N lat deg = 48 lat min = 00 lat sec = 02 lon deg = 52 lon min = 58 lon sec = 47 label = Lower Island Cove position = left caption = Map showing location of Lower Island CoveLower Island Cove… … Wikipedia
Daniel's Cove, Newfoundland and Labrador — Daniel s Cove (48°07.70′N 52°58.50′W / 48.1283°N 52.975°W / 48.1283; 52.975) is a resettled fishing village on the northwest tip of the Bay de Verde Peninsula … Wikipedia